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Biagi P.,Hospital of Montepulciano | Gussoni G.,FADOI Foundation | Iori I.,Internal Medicine i | Nardi R.,Maggiore Hospital | And 11 more authors.
International Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2011

Background: Heart failure (HF) is a major health and social problem. Internal Medicine (IM) wards admit a high proportion of patients with HF, frequently with advanced age and comorbidities. Few recent data are available in this setting, especially on predictors of in-hospital outcome. Methods: In this observational study, we recruited patients admitted with diagnosis of HF and present in five index days, in 91 units of IM in Italy. Characteristics and management of HF, comorbidities, functional and cognitive status, and quality of life, were analyzed. Results: We observed 1411 patients, with a mean age of 78.7 ± 9.6 years. At admission, 81.7% of the patients were in NYHA classes III-IV. Ninety percent of the patients had at least one comorbidity. Dementia or severely impaired functional status were registered in 21.5% and 22.8% of the patients. In 89 patients (6,3%) a negative outcome (death or clinical worsening) occurred during hospitalization. A number of variables were significantly related to negative outcome by means of univariate analysis (systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg, pulse pressure ≥ 55 mmHg, anaemia, brain deficit, permanent bed rest, Barthel Index ≤ 30). At multivariable analysis, significant correlation was retained by anaemia and Barthel Index ≤ 30, the latter being the strongest predictor. Conclusions: Real-world patients with HF and hospitalized in IM are frequently very old, frail and with multiple comorbidities. Functional and cognitive status significantly influence patients' outcome, and this could lead to a rethinking of the overall (in-hospital but also home-based) management of HF. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Gussoni G.,FADOI Foundation | Foglia E.,University of Management and Economics | Frasson S.,FADOI Foundation | Casartelli L.,University of Management and Economics | And 7 more authors.
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2013

Introduction: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in medical patients, and the economic burden of this disease is plausibly relevant as well. However, few data from real-world observations are available on this topic. Aim of our study was to assess the costs of VTE management and antithrombotic prophylaxis in patients hospitalized in Internal Medicine (IM) departments. Materials and methods: The in-hospital paths of 160 patients with VTE (VTE group) and 160 patients receiving prophylaxis and without VTE (NO-VTE group) were retrospectively evaluated within 26 IM units in Italy. The economic analysis was undertaken by applying a process analysis, the initial phase of the more comprehensive Activity Based Costing technique. Accordingly to this approach, only information closely linked to VTE or its prevention was registered. Results: The total median costs for VTE management were around four-times higher than those for prophylaxis (€ 1,348.68 vs € 373.03). Human resources were the most important cost-driver (55.5% and 65.7% in the VTE and NO-VTE groups), followed by instrumental (24.6% in VTE and 15.5% in NO-VTE) and haematologic tests (12.6% in VTE patients and 13.3% in controls). In the NO-VTE group the direct costs for prophylaxis accounted for 4.5% of total. Conclusions: The real-world data of this study confirm the economic burden of in-hospital treatment of VTE, and the relatively low costs of thromboprophylaxis. A greater adherence to evidence-based protocols for VTE prevention could probably reduce the current financial burden of VTE on healthcare systems. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Santa Maria Nuova Hospital, Ss Cosma E Damiano Hospital, FADOI Foundation, Abbiategrasso Hospital and 8 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC infectious diseases | Year: 2016

Clostridium difficile (CD) is a leading cause of diarrhoea among hospitalized patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate, the optimal diagnostic work-up, and outcome of CD infections (CDI) in Internal Medicine (IM) wards in Italy.PRACTICE is an observational prospective study, involving 40 IM Units and evaluating all consecutive patients hospitalized during a 4-month period. CDI were defined in case of diarrhoea when both enzyme immunoassay for GDH, and test for A/B toxin were positive. Patients with CDI were followed-up for recurrences for 4weeks after the end of therapy.Among the 10,780 patients observed, 103 (0.96%) showed CDI, at admission or during hospitalization. A positive history for CD, antibiotics in the previous 4weeks, recent hospitalization, female gender and age were significantly associated with CDI (multivariable analysis). In-hospital mortality was 16.5% in CD group vs 6.7% in No-CD group (p<0.001), whereas median length of hospital stay was 16 (IQR=13) vs 8 (IQR=8) days (p<0.001) among patients with or without CDI, respectively. Rate of CD recurrences was 14.6%. As a post-hoc evaluation, 23 out of 34 GDH+/Tox- samples were toxin positive, when analysed by molecular method (a real-time PCR assay). The overall CD incidence rate was 5.3/10,000 patient-days.Our results confirm the severity of CDI in medical wards, showing high in-hospital mortality, prolonged hospitalization and frequent short-term recurrences. Further, our survey supports a 2-3 step algorithm for CD diagnosis: EIA for detecting GDH, A and B toxin, followed by a molecular method in case of toxin-negative samples.


PubMed | FADOI Foundation, University of Padua, San Donato Hospital, S Maria Della Misericordia Hospital and University of Bologna
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents | Year: 2016

Although the role of homocysteine (HCys) in secondary cardiovascular prevention has been scaled down, hyper-homocysteinemia remains a risk factor for cerebrovascular events. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of nutraceuticals in lowering HCys serum levels versus a conventional vitamin supplementation in hypertensive subjects at low cardiovascular risk. One-hundred and four patients (mean age 62.814.5 years, 63.5% males), 52 for each treatment group, were enrolled. The study recruited patients with stage 1 essential hypertension and hyper-homocysteinemia (HCys 15 mol/L), without a history of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. They were sequentially randomized to receive a combined nutraceutical containing 400 g folate-6-5-methyltetrahydrofolate, 3 mg vitamin B6, 5 g vitamin B12, 2.4 mg vitamin B2, 12.5 mg zinc and 250 mg betaine (Normocis


PubMed | FADOI Foundation, Complejo Hospitalario Of Pontevedra, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias jol, Hospital Reina Sofia Of Tudela and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis | Year: 2016

Several risk assessment models include infection and immobility among the items to be considered for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention. However, information on patients with infection leading to immobility and developing VTE are limited, as well as on the role of specific types of infection. Data were collected from the worldwide RIETE registry, including patients with symptomatic objectively confirmed VTE, and followed-up for at least 3 months. The overall population of RIETE at June 2013 (n = 47,390) was considered. Acute infection leading to immobility was reported in 3.9 % of non-surgical patients. Compared with patients immobilized due to dementia, patients with infection had a shorter duration of immobilization prior to VTE (less than 4 weeks in 94.2 vs. 25.9 % of cases; p < 0.001). During the 3-month follow-up, VTE patients with infection versus those with dementia had a lower rate of fatal bleeding (0.5 vs. 1.1 %; p < 0.05) or fatal PE (1.7 vs. 3.5 %; p < 0.01). Patients with respiratory tract infections had more likely PE as initial VTE presentation than other types of infection (62.3 vs. 37.7 %; p < 0.001). Significantly more patients with pneumonia than those with other respiratory infections had received VTE prophylaxis (50.2 vs. 30.6 %; p < 0.001). Following VTE, patients with sepsis showed a significantly higher risk of fatal bleeding. Based on our real-world data, infection seems to contribute to the pathogenesis of VTE by accelerating the effects of immobility. Its role as VTE risk factor probably deserves further attention and specific assessment in order to optimize VTE prophylaxis and treatment.


PubMed | Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Institute dInvestigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, FADOI Foundation, Azienda Ospedali Marche Nord Santa Croce di Fano and 6 more.
Type: | Journal: Diabetes research and clinical practice | Year: 2016

Hypoglycemia is a potential risk in the management of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and hospitalized in internal medicine units (IMUs). The aim of this analysis was to evaluate incidence of hypoglycemia and related risk factors in a group of patients admitted to IMUs.We used the FADOI-DIAMOND study carried out in 53 Italian IMUs. The DIAMOND design included two cross-sectional surveys interspersed with an educational program. In both phases each center reviewed the charts of the last 30 hospitalized patients with known T2DM (n=3167), including information about hypoglycemia during hospital stay. The association between occurrence of hypoglycemia and potential predictors was evaluated by means of a multivariable logistic regression analysis.A total of 385 symptomatic hypoglycemic events were observed (rate=12%). Advanced age, cognitive dysfunction, and nephropathy were associated with hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia occurred in 19.4% of patients treated according to the insulin sliding-scale method versus 11.4% of patients treated with basal bolus (p<0.01). More patients with hypoglycemia received sulfonylureas versus the no-hypoglycemia group (28.3% versus 20.6%, p<0.001). Significantly longer length of hospital stay and increased in-hospital mortality were found in the group with hypoglycemia compared with the no-hypoglycemia group (12.710.9 versus 9.66.5 days; 8.8% versus 4.8%, p<0.01).Hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients with diabetes is associated with increased length of hospitalization and in-hospital mortality. Identification of patients at increased risk of hypoglycemia may be important for optimally adapting treatment and patient management.


Trujillo-Santos J.,Hospital General Universitario Santa Lucia | Gussoni G.,FADOI Foundation | Gadelha T.,Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho | Munoz-Torrero J.F.S.,Hospital San Pedro Of Alcantara | And 6 more authors.
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2014

Background: The influence of recent immobilization or surgery on mortality in cancer patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) has not been thoroughly studied. Methods: We used the RIETE Registry data to compare the 3-month mortality rate in cancer patients with VTE, with patients categorized according to the presence of recent immobilization, surgery or neither. The major outcomes were fatal pulmonary embolism (PE) and fatal bleeding within the first 3 months. Results: Of 6,746 patients with active cancer and acute VTE, 1,224 (18%) had recent immobilization, 1,055 (16%) recent surgery, and 4,467 (66%) had neither. The all-cause mortality was 23.4% (95% CI: 22.4-24.5), and the PE-related mortality: 2.5% (95% CI: 2.1-2.9). Four in every ten patients dying of PE had recent immobilization (37%) or surgery (5.4%). Only 28% of patients with immobilization had received prophylaxis, as compared with 67% of the surgical. Fatal PE was more common in patients with recent immobilization (5.0%; 95% CI: 3.9-6.3) than in those with surgery (0.8%; 95% CI: 0.4-1.6) or neither (2.2%; 95% CI: 1.8-2.6). On multivariate analysis, patients with immobilization were at an increased risk for fatal PE (odds ratio: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.2-2.5). Conclusions: One in every three cancer patients dying of PE had recent immobilization for > 4 days. Many of these deaths could have been prevented with adequate thromboprophylaxis. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Gussoni G.,FADOI Foundation | Frasson S.,FADOI Foundation | La Regina M.,Hospital Spezzino | Di Micco P.,Hospital Fatebenefratelli | Monreal M.,Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2013

Patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), and particularly those with cancer, are at increased risk of recurrences, major bleeding, and short- / medium-term mortality. Data from 35,539 patients (6,075 of these with cancer), presenting with symptomatic VTE in the previous three months and enrolled in the worldwide RIETE registry, were evaluated to assess overall and pulmonary embolism (PE)-related mortality, and their potential predictors, with particular focus on patients with cancer. Overall 3-month mortality in the total RIETE population was 7.9%, and death was considered PE-related in 1.4%. Significantly more patients died among those with cancer (26.4%, vs 4.1% in no-cancer group, p < 0.001). In 3.0% of cancer patients death was considered PE-related, compared to 1.0% in no-cancer group (p < 0.001). Cancer was the strongest independent risk factor for both all-cause and PE-related mortality, and in the subgroup of cancer patients those with advanced disease, reduced mobility, chronic pulmonary disease, and those experiencing PE (vs isolated deep vein thrombosis) were at increased risk of PE-related death. According to the findings of our very large, real-world registry, in the three months following an acute episode VTE remains a substantial cause of mortality. Cancer patients are at particular high risk of VTE-related death. Clinical factors predicting a fatal PE identified in this study (cancer, immobility, comorbidities, increasing age, PE at presentation), could be considered for risk stratification scheme for secondary prophylaxis in daily practice. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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