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Prague, Czech Republic

Nemec P.,Masaryk University | Zemanova Z.,General University Hospital | Kuglik P.,Masaryk University | Michalova K.,General University Hospital | And 17 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2012

The prognostic impact of chromosomal abnormalities was evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization with cytoplasmic immunoglobulin light chain staining (cIg-FISH) and by classical metaphase cytogenetics in a cohort of 207 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who were treated with high-dose therapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation in the CMG2002 clinical trial. The incidence of chromosomal abnormalities detected by FISH was as follows: 52.7% for del(13)(q14), 6.5% for del(17)(p13), 18.6% for t(11;14)(q13;q32), 22.8% for t(4;14)(p16;q32) and 45.7% for gain(1)(q21). Metaphase cytogenetic analysis revealed a complex karyotype in 19.1% and hyperdiploidy in 21.7% of patients. The overall response rate was not influenced by the presence of any studied chromosomal abnormality. Patients with a complex karyotype, those with translocation t(4;14) and those with gain of the 1q21 locus had a shorter time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS). Other genomic changes such as translocation t(11;14) and del(13q) had less impact on TTP and OS. In multivariate analysis, complex karyotype, translocation t(4;14) and β 2-microglobulin level > 2.5 mg/L were independent prognostic factors associated with poor overall survival. Their unfavorable prognostic impact was even more pronounced if they were present in combination. Patients with t(4;14) present together with a complex karyotype had the worst prognosis, with a median OS of only 13.2 months, whereas patients with a normal karyotype or karyotype with ≤ 2 chromosomal changes had the best outcome, with 3-year OS of 85.9%. In conclusion, complex karyotype, gain of 1q21 region and translocation t(4;14) are major prognostic factors associated with reduced survival of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma treated with autologous stem cell transplantation. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

St'ovickova L.,Institute of Chemical Technology Prague | Tatarkovic M.,Institute of Chemical Technology Prague | Logerova H.,Charles University | Vavrinec J.,Faculty Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady | Setnicka V.,Institute of Chemical Technology Prague
Analyst | Year: 2015

The current diagnostic tools are insufficient for the early detection of many diseases, including type 1 diabetes mellitus. The disease is accompanied not only by a permanently elevated level of blood glucose and altered levels of other biomarkers, but also by changes in the conformation of blood plasma proteins and other biomolecules associated with the pathogenesis of diabetes. However, the observation of these structural changes by conventional Raman and infrared spectroscopy is limited. Therefore, we used chiroptical spectroscopy which is inherently sensitive to the 3D structure of chiral molecules and able to detect any possible structural changes. We investigated the blood plasma samples of diabetic patients and healthy controls by Raman optical activity and electronic circular dichroism. The measurements were combined with conventional methods of molecular spectroscopy, i.e. Raman and infrared spectroscopy. The obtained data sets were statistically evaluated using linear discriminant analysis focusing on the spectral ranges that correspond to the structure and conformation of proteins and other plasmatic biomolecules. Our results suggest that chiroptical spectroscopy gives more detailed information about the 3D structure of biomolecules; and therefore, might be a promising complement to conventional diagnostic methods. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015.

Vodicka P.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Vodicka P.,Charles University | Polivkova Z.,Charles University | Sytarova S.,Charles University | And 13 more authors.
Carcinogenesis | Year: 2010

Background: The majority of human cancers arise from cells unable to maintain genomic stability. Recent prospective studies indicated that enhanced chromosomal aberrations (CAs) frequencies are predictive of gastrointestinal and lung cancers. However, studies on incident cancer patients are lacking; thus, we investigated chromosomal damage in newly diagnosed cancer patients and healthy individuals. Methods: We analyzed chromosomal damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes in a group of 300 incident cancer patients (with different malignancies) in comparison with 300 healthy controls. Results and Conclusions: The frequencies of aberrant cells (ACs) and CAs were significantly higher in patients (2.38 ± 1.56 and 2.53 ± 1.69, respectively) as compared with controls (1.81 ± 1.31 and 1.94 ± 1.47, respectively, P < 0.01). The percentual difference in chromatid-type aberrations (CTAs) between patients and controls was moderately significant (1.37 ± 1.20 and 1.11 ± 0.99, respectively, P ≤ 0.05), whereas the difference in chromosome-type aberrations (CSAs) was stronger (1.16 ± 1.24 versus 0.83 ± 1.12, P < 0.01). Using binomial logistic regression, the estimated odds ratios and 95% confidence interval for ACs were 1.33 (1.18-1.49), P < 0.01; for CAs, 1.27 (1.14-1.41), P < 0.01; for CTA 1.24 (1.07-1.44), P < 0.01 and for CSA, 1.27 (1.10-1.47), P < 0.01. By stratifying patients for distinct neoplasia, markers of chromosomal damage were significantly enhanced in patients with breast, prostate and head/neck cancers, whereas no effect was recorded in patients affected by gastrointestinal cancers. The present study shows for the first time evidence of increased chromosomal damage in lymphocytes of incident cancer patients compared with healthy controls. The effects were observed in different cancer types but as the number of patients was relatively small, further studies are warranted. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org.

Matejekova J.,Charles University | Samec M.,Faculty Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady | Samcova E.,Charles University | Rokyta R.,Charles University | Tuma P.,Charles University
European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology | Year: 2013

This study deals with the monitoring of plasmatic levels of malondialdehyde, as the main indicator of oxidative damage to biomembranes. Malondialdehyde is determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after derivatization employing 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. A clinical study involving 20 female patients suffering from ovarian and endometrial carcinomas has demonstrated elevated levels of malondialdehyde (10.1 ± 1.1 μM), compared with the control group (7.5 ± 2.7 μM). It has been further verified that surgical removal of the tumor leads to an additional increase in the plasmatic malondialdehyde content. This unfavourable situation can be effectively eliminated by administration of a single dose of vitamin E prior to surgery.

Kolouch T.,Cardiocentre of Faculty Hospital Vinohrady | Linkova H.,Cardiocentre of Faculty Hospital Vinohrady | Brunerova L.,Faculty Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady
Acta Cardiologica Sinica | Year: 2016

Ovarian carcinoids are very rare, and only their insular form is associated with carcinoid syndrome. We herein describe a case report of an elderly woman who presented with typical carcinoid syndrome, which is routinely characterized by right-sided heart failure, diarrhoea, flushes, and other common manifestations. Further examination and biochemical testing of the patient confirmed suspected carcinoid tumor. However, the tumor was surprisingly localized in the left ovary. The presence of the patient's severe combined tricuspid valve disease would create impossible surgical management conditions, so we decided to first perform cardio-surgery with tricuspid valve replacement. After tumor removal, levels of hydroxyindolacetic acid did not normalize and although the patient was asymptomatic, a small lesion was detected by tectrotyd scan paravertebrally. Treatment with lanreotide led to complete remission with negative biochemical and imaging signs of tumor. Thus, to summarize, carcinoid tumor even in an atypical localization (ovary) should be considered in elderly female patients with severe combined tricuspid valve disease due to carcinoid syndrome.

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