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Jakabcin J.,Usti nad Labem | Spacek R.,Usti nad Labem | Bystron M.,Usti nad Labem | Kvasnak M.,Usti nad Labem | And 4 more authors.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2010

Objective: To assess the role of the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) during implantation of Drug-eluting stents (DES) on long-term outcome in patients with complex coronary artery disease and high clinical risk profile with special attention to the development of late stent thrombosis (LST). Methods: Two hunderd and ten patients were randomly assigned to receive DES either with (N = 105) or without (N = 105) the IVUS guidance. Dual antiplatelet treatment was administered for 6 months in all patients. At 18-month follow-up, the rates of Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) (death, myocardial infarction, and reintervention) were assessed in both groups with special attention to possible LST. Stent thrombosis was classified according to Academic Research Consortium (ARC). Results: At the 18-month follow-up, there was no significant difference between both groups regarding MACE (11% vs. 12%; P = NS). Stent thrombosis has occurred in four patients (3.8%) in the group with and in 6 patients (5.7%; P = NS) in the group without the IVUS guidance. Conclusions: In our randomized trial we failed to demonstrate the superiority of the IVUS guidance during DES implantation over standard high-pressure postdilatation. However we confirmed worrisome results concerning DES thrombosis after discontinuation of dual antiplatelet-treatment with documented stent thrombosis related events in almost 5% of patients with 50% of mortality in this high-risk clinical scenario. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source


Benesova L.,Genomac International Ltd. | Pesek M.,Faculty Hospital | Belsanova B.,Genomac International Ltd. | Sekerka P.,Genomac International Ltd. | Minarik M.,Genomac International Ltd.
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2010

The presence of activating mutations within the tyrosine kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor gene has been attributed to a positive response to biological therapy of lung cancer by small-molecular tyrosine kinase inhibitors, gefitinib and erlotinib. Among the two most significant mutation types are deletions in exon 19 and a single point substitution in exon 21 (termed L858R). The exon 19 deletions can readily be examined by fragment analysis, due to the characteristic length difference between the normal and mutated PCR product. Analysis of the L858R point mutation, however, presents a greater challenge. The current paper is aimed at developing a sensitive, yet simple, low-cost mutation detection assay directed at the L858R mutation using a method based on CE of heteroduplexes under partial denaturing conditions. We perform optimization of separation conditions on different commercial instruments including ones equipped with 8, 16 and 96 capillaries. We present normalized migration reproducibility in the range from 1 (8 and 16) to 5% (96) RSD. A reliable distinction of the R836R silent polymorphism from a potential presence of the L858R mutation is also demonstrated. In its implementation, the presented assay is just another application running on a conventional CE platform without the need of dedicated instrumentation. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Source


Cardozo L.,Kings College | Pushkar D.,Moscow State University | Mikulas J.,Faculty Hospital | Drogendijk T.,Astellas Pharma Europe B.V. | And 2 more authors.
BJU International | Year: 2013

Objective To determine the relationship between severity of baseline overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms and requests for solifenacin dose increases, and the efficacy of 5 and 10 mg solifenacin doses in relieving OAB symptoms in patients who requested a dose increase. Patients and Methods In a 16-week clinical study, patients with OAB were randomized to double-blind treatment with solifenacin or placebo once daily. At week 8, all patients could request a dose increase; these patients entered a second phase of 8 weeks in which those in the solifenacin group were randomized to either 5 or 10 mg doses. The primary efficacy variable was mean change in the number of urgency episodes with or without incontinence per 24 h, measured using the Patient Perception of Intensity of Urgency Scale (PPIUS; grades 3 and 4). Results Of 591 patients receiving solifenacin at 8 weeks, 275 (46.5%) requested a dose increase to 10 mg, and were further randomized to receive 10 mg (n = 140) or to remain on 5 mg (n = 135). Patients who requested a dose increase at week 8 generally had more severe OAB symptoms at baseline and a smaller response at week 8 to the initial solifenacin 5 mg dosage than those who did not. Greater reductions in the mean number of severe urgency episodes (PPIUS grades 3 and 4) were observed from week 8 to the end of treatment for patients requesting a dose increase and randomized to 10 mg solifenacin compared with those randomized to remain on 5 mg (mean reductions -0.9 vs -0.4, respectively), although these did not reach statistical significance. Statistically significant reductions were observed in mean total urgency score (TUS; -2.7 vs -0.6; P = 0.010), mean maximum PPIUS urgency rating (-0.3 vs -0.1; P = 0.034) and mean micturition frequency (-0.8 vs -0.1; P = 0.037). For all other OAB variables, greater changes were observed in the solifenacin 10 mg group but these did not reach statistical significance. Of those who requested a dose increase, eight (5.7%) patients randomized to receive 10 mg and one (0.7%) patient randomized to remain on 5 mg reported new or worsening cases of dry mouth. Conclusions Increasing the solifenacin dose to 10 mg further improved OAB symptoms in patients who requested a dose increase after 8 weeks' treatment with 5 mg solifenacin. The present study supports the view that patients with severe OAB symptoms benefit from a higher antimuscarinic dose. © 2013 BJU International. Source


Karbanova J.,Charles University | Karbanova J.,TU Dresden | Soukup T.,Charles University | Suchanek J.,Faculty Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Cells Tissues Organs | Year: 2011

We isolated and expanded stem cells from dental pulp from extracted third molars using an innovative culture method consisting of low serum-containing medium supplemented with epidermal growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor BB. We evaluated the differentiation potential of these cells when they were growing either adherently or as micromass/spheroid cultures in various media. Undifferentiated and differentiated cells were analyzed by flow cytometry, immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting. The flow cytometry results showed that the dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were positive for mesenchymal stromal cell markers, but negative for hematopoietic markers. Immunocytochemical and/or immunoblotting analyses revealed the expression of numerous stem cell markers, including nanog, Sox2, nestin, Musashi-1 and nucleostemin, whereas they were negative for markers associated with differentiated neural, vascular and hepatic cells. Surprisingly, the cells were only slightly positive for α-smooth muscle actin, and a heterogeneous expression of CD146 was observed. When cultured in osteogenic media, they expressed osteonectin, osteopontin and procollagen I, and in micromass cultures, they produced collagen I. DPSCs cultured in TGF-β1/3-supplemented media produced extracellular matrix typical of cartilaginous tissue. The addition of vascular endothelial growth factor to serum-free media resulted in the expression of endothelial markers. Interestingly, when cultured in neurogenic media, DPSCs exhibited de novo or upregulated markers of undifferentiated and differentiated neural cells. Collectively, our data show that DPSCs are self-renewing and able to express markers of bone, cartilage, vascular and neural tissues, suggesting their multipotential capacity. Their easy accessibility makes these cells a suitable source of somatic stem cells for tissue engineering. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source


Ginterova P.,Palacky University | Sokolova B.,PR Laboratory A.s. | Ondra P.,Faculty Hospital | Znaleziona J.,Palacky University | And 3 more authors.
Talanta | Year: 2014

The CE-ESI-MS/MS method for the identification, separation and determination of mushroom toxins, namely ibotenic acid, muscimol and muscarine, was developed. It proved to be sensitive and thus useful for the real sample analysis with omitting the labor and time consuming pretreatment step. The CE-ESI-MS/MS method was applied on the spiked human urine. The analytical characteristics of the proposed method, such as limits of detection, linearity and repeatability of the peak area and the migration time, were evaluated. The RSD of the migration time and peak area were from 0.93% to 1.60% and from 2.96% to 3.42%, respectively. The obtained LOD values were at the nanomolar concentration level, therefore the developed method is sufficient for the determination and quantification of studied toxins in human urine after mushroom intoxication. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

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