Cailliez E.,Facultede Medecine |
Beauvineau G.,Facultede Medecine |
Baratin C.,Facultede Medecine |
Le Daheron B.,Facultede Medecine |
And 4 more authors.
Sante Publique | Year: 2014
Context: The National Nutrition Health Study showed that the objectives of the National Nutrition Health Programme, launched in 2001 to promote the health of all French people, had not been achieved, especially in the adolescent population. The objective of this study was to identify teenagers' representations regarding food. It was carried out in order to more effectively tailor prevention messages to this particular population, which is particularly concerned by the "nutritional risk". Methods: Qualitative investigations by semi-directive interviews with 46 teenage volunteers, from 5 high schools in 2 departments in the west of France. A content analysis was conducted inductively after full transcript of the interviews. Results: The study showed that nutrition was a means of autonomy and emancipation from the parental influence. Teenagers were suspicious and anxious about the health risks associated with processed food. Fast food restaurants were a "place for teenagers" synonymous with pleasure and freedom. They valued "organic" and "homemade" foods. The sexual representations of food consisted of a "slim" image for girls and a "virile" image for boys . A close relationship between food and living beings was responsible for refusal of certain types of food. Although prevention messages were integrated in various ways, they were effectively recalled by teenagers. Conclusion: The nutritional representations of teenagers are poorly known and sometimes contrary to commonly health beliefs and must be taken into account when preparing nutrition prevention programmes. © S.F.S.P.. Tous droits réservés pour tous pays.