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Pang C.J.,Virginia Commonwealth University | Lemsaddek W.,Institute Of Recherches Cliniques Of Montreal | Alhashem Y.N.,Virginia Commonwealth University | Bondzi C.,Virginia Commonwealth University | And 9 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biology | Year: 2012

The Krüppel-like factor 1 (KLF1) and KLF2 positively regulate embryonic ß-globin expression and have additional overlapping roles in embryonic (primitive) erythropoiesis. KLF1-/- KLF2-/- double knockout mice are anemic at embryonic day 10.5 (E10.5) and die by E11.5, in contrast to single knockouts. To investigate the combined roles of KLF1 and KLF2 in primitive erythropoiesis, expression profiling of E9.5 erythroid cells was performed. A limited number of genes had a significantly decreasing trend of expression in wild-type, KLF1-/-, and KLF1-/- KLF2-/- mice. Among these, the gene for Myc (c-Myc) emerged as a central node in the most significant gene network. The expression of the Myc gene is synergistically regulated by KLF1 and KLF2, and both factors bind the Myc promoters. To characterize the role of Myc in primitive erythropoiesis, ablation was performed specifically in mouse embryonic proerythroblast cells. After E9.5, these embryos exhibit an arrest in the normal expansion of circulating red cells and develop anemia, analogous to KLF1-/- KLF2-/- embryos. In the absence of Myc, circulating erythroid cells do not show the normal increase in α and ß-like globin gene expression but, interestingly, have accelerated erythroid cell maturation between E9.5 and E11.5. This study reveals a novel regulatory network by which KLF1 and KLF2 regulate Myc to control the primitive erythropoietic program. © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. Source

Stoyanova E.,Faculte Of Medecine Of Luniversite Of Montreal | Cloutier G.,University of Montreal | Felfly H.,Faculte Of Medecine Of Luniversite Of Montreal | Lemsaddek W.,Faculte Of Medecine Of Luniversite Of Montreal | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Human β-thalassemia major is one of the most prevalent genetic diseases characterized by decrease/absence of β-globin chain production with reduction of erythrocyte number. The main cause of death of treated β-thalassemia major patients with chronic blood transfusion is early cardiac complications that have been attributed to secondary iron overload despite optimal chelation. Herein, we investigated pathophysiological mechanisms of cardiovascular dysfunction in a severe murine model of β-thalassemia from 6 to 15-months of age in the absence of confounding effects related to transfusion. Our longitudinal echocardiography analysis showed that β-thalassemic mice first display a significant increase of cardiac output in response to limited oxygen-carrying erythrocytes that progressed rapidly to left ventricular hypertrophy and structural remodeling. Following this compensated hypertrophy, β-thalassemic mice developed age-dependent deterioration of left ventricular contractility and dysfunction that led toward decompensated heart failure. Consistently, murine β-thalassemic hearts histopathology revealed cardiac remodeling with increased interstitial fibrosis but virtual absence of myocardial iron deposits. Importantly, development of thalassemic cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction independently of iron overload has uncoupled these cardiopathogenic processes. Altogether our study on β-thalassemia major hemoglobinopathy points to two successive phases resulting from severe chronic anemia and from secondarily induced mechanisms as pathophysiologic contributors to thalassemic cardiopathy. © 2012 Stoyanova et al. Source

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