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Ayssiwede S.B.,Lana | Dieng A.,Laboratoire Of Bromatologie | Bello H.,Lana | Chrysostome C.A.A.M.,Faculte Des Science Agronomiques Of Luniversite Dabomey Calavi | And 6 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

The purpose of this study carried out from July to October 2010 was to assess the effects of Moringa oleifera leaves meal inclusion in diets on growth performances, carcass and organs characteristics and economics results of growing indigenous Senegal chickens. Ninety six (96) indigenous Senegal chicks of 5 weeks old were randomly allocated into four groups of 24 chicks each with similar body weight. Each group subdivided in two repetitions of 12 birds, corresponded to each of the four (4) dietary treatments MO0, MO8, MO16 and MO24 containing respectively 0, 8, 16 and 24% of Moringa leaves meal in substitution of groundnut cake meal. During the experiment (6-17th week old), zootechnical parameters of birds and economical data were recorded and analyzed per dietary treatment. At the end of the 12 weeks trial, the final Live Body Weights (LBW) were 721.60 g, 911.70 g, 812.85 g and 720.05 g/bird, the average daily weight gain (ADWG) were 6.49 g, 8.77 g, 7.61 g and 6.50 g/day, the Daily Feed Intake (DFI) of 39.10 g, 39.76 g, 36.28 g and 34.24 g/bird and the Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) of 7.58, 5.75, 6.11 et 7.24 respectively for birds fed MO0, MO8, MO16 and MO24 diets. The Moringa leaves meal inclusion in the diets up to 24% had not caused any adverse impact on LBW, ADWG, FCR, mortality, carcass and organs characteristics in birds compared to their controls. Except the significantly decrease of DFI obtained in birds of MO16 and MO24 treatments, significantly better growth performances, feed costs and economic margins were recorded in birds fed MO8 and MO16 diets. Thus these two dietary treatments were the only most economically profitable (respectively 357 and 206 FCFA/kg carcass of additional profit) compared to the control. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.

Chrysostome C.A.A.M.,Faculte Des Science Agronomiques Of Luniversite Dabomey Calavi | Houndonougbo F.M.,Faculte Des Science Agronomiques Of Luniversite Dabomey Calavi | Kpomasse C.C.,Faculte Des Science Agronomiques Of Luniversite Dabomey Calavi
Livestock Research for Rural Development | Year: 2010

An experiment was carried out to evaluate the feeding system effect on bio-economic performances of cockerels in tropical region. 150 day old ISA Brown cockerels were split in six repetitions of 25 chicks each. Chicks were kept respectively during height and six weeks at starter and grower phases. Three repetitions were fed with a complete diet (Ro), and the three other were fed by the cafeteria feeding system (Rc). Three separate feeders providing mainly energy, protein and mineral plus vitamin constituted the Rc diet. The results demonstrate that the feed intake and specifically, metabolisable energy intake of Rc cockerels were higher than that of Ro cockerels. The protein intake of Rc cockerels was lower than that of Ro cockerels. The intake of mineral and vitamin had varied according to the feeding system and the phase. However, the feeding system had no significant effect (P > 0.05) on the body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, feed cost and economic feed efficiency. At 14 weeks old, the average body weights of Ro and Rc cockerels were similar (1311 versus 1214 g). Feed conversion ratio, feed cost and economic feed efficiency in Ro and Rc diets were respectively 5.12 versus 5.52 kg feed/kg weight gain, 1163 versus 1184 FCFA feed/kg weight gain and 1.60 versus 1.48 FCFA feed/FCFA weight gain. No mortality was recorded in both dietary treatments.

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