Difficulties faced by indigenous people during the stay in an indigenous health center in the Amazon region/Brazil [Dificuldades enfrentadas pelos indígenas durante a permanência em uma Casa de Saúde Indígena na região Amazônica/Brasil]
da Silva D.M.,Faculdades Integradas do Tapajos |
Nascimento E.H.S.,Faculdades Integradas do Tapajos |
Santos L.A.,Faculdades Integradas do Tapajos |
Martins N.V.N.,University of Sao Paulo |
And 2 more authors.
Saude e Sociedade | Year: 2016
The National Policy of Health Care to the Indigenous Peoples (PNASI) was established by the Ministry of Health restructuring the Primary Care to Indigenous Health, following the principles and guidelines from the Unified Health System (SUS). This study aims to identify the difficulties faced by the indigenous peoples during the stay in the Indigenous Health Center (Casai) in Santarém (PA), in the Amazon region. It is an exploratory qualitative study, whose approach was through semi-structured interviews, recorded and transcribed, with 15 indigenous people from five ethnic groups, assisted by the Casai (Mawayana, Tunayana, Wai-wai, Tiriyó and Katwena), with help from a translator acquainted with the dialects. We used the content analysis arising from thematic categories: the difficulties faced during the adaptation period in the Casai/Santarém, the feeling about leaving the indigenous land and the perspectives regarding the improvements during the stay. We consider that, despite the increasing changes and advances in indigenous health in Brazil, improvements that can truly meet the health peculiarities of each ethnic group are necessary. © 2016, UNIV SAOPAULO. All rights reserved.
Minervino A.H.H.,University of Sao Paulo |
Soares H.S.,University of Sao Paulo |
Barreto-Junior R.A.,Rural University |
Neves K.A.L.,Faculdades Integradas Do Tapajos |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2010
In this study, serum samples of 203 animals from different locations, from zoos and breeding facilities from the north and northeast regions of Brazil, were analyzed for the presence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies by the modified agglutination test (MAT) with a cutoff of 125. Of the sampled animals, 184 were adult mammals of both sexes and 19 were birds. Antibodies were found in 61 of 184 mammals, and no association between sex and age of the animals and the presence of T. gondii antibodies was observed (P < 0.05). Anti-T. gondii antibodies were not found in birds. Toxoplasma gondii was detected in Brazilian tapir (Tapirus terrestris) for the first time. Copyright 2010 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.
Calvete J.J.,Institute Biomedicina Of Valencia |
Sanz L.,Institute Biomedicina Of Valencia |
Perez A.,Institute Biomedicina Of Valencia |
Borges A.,Central University of Venezuela |
And 8 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2011
We describe two geographically differentiated venom phenotypes across the wide distribution range of Bothrops atrox, from the Colombian Magdalena Medio Valley through Puerto Ayacucho and El Paují, in the Venezuelan States of Amazonas and Orinoquia, respectively, and São Bento in the Brazilian State of Maranhão. Colombian and Venezuelan venoms show an ontogenetic toxin profile phenotype whereas Brazilian venoms exhibit paedomorphic phenotypes. Venoms from each of the 16 localities sampled contain both population-specific toxins and proteins shared by neighboring B. atrox populations. Mapping the molecular similarity between conspecific populations onto a physical map of B. atrox range provides clues for tracing dispersal routes that account for the current biogeographic distribution of the species. The proteomic pattern is consistent with a model of southeast and southwest dispersal and allopatric fragmentation northern of the Amazon Basin, and trans-Amazonian expansion through the Andean Corridor and across the Amazon river between Monte Alegre and Santarém. An antivenomic approach applied to assess the efficacy towards B. atrox venoms of two antivenoms raised in Costa Rica and Brazil using Bothrops venoms different than B. atrox in the immunization mixtures showed that both antivenoms immunodepleted very efficiently the major toxins (PIII-SVMPs, serine proteinases, CRISP, LAO) of paedomorphic venoms from Puerto Ayacucho (Venezuelan Amazonia) through São Bento, but had impaired reactivity towards PLA 2 and P-I SVMP molecules abundantly present in ontogenetic venoms. The degree of immunodepletion achieved suggests that each of these antivenoms may be effective against envenomations by paedomorphic, and some ontogenetic, B. atrox venoms. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Silva A.M.,State University of Ceará |
Oliveira C.H.D.A.,State University of Ceará |
Fernandes C.C.L.,State University of Ceará |
Silva L.M.,Faculdades Integradas Do Tapajos |
And 5 more authors.
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2015
The present study evaluates the use of dried carnauba wax palm fruit in 28 postpartum goats fed diets containing Bermudagrass hay and either corn (WCWP) or carnauba-based (CWP) concentrated feed. Estrus synchronization was performed 90 days postpartum, and the goats were mated. In the CWP group, compared to the WCWP group, the daily dry matter intake was significantly reduced (646.48 ± 11.03 g vs. 739.29 ± 3.24 g, respectively; P < 0.01). The time to the first functional corpus luteum was similar between the groups, occurring a mean 66 days postpartum. During estrus synchronization, the CWP group had a decreased sternal subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness when compared to the WCWP group (11.93 ± 0.45 mm vs. 13.69 ± 0.57 mm, respectively; P < 0.05) and a lower pregnancy rate (86.67% vs. 46.15%, respectively; P < 0.02). The embryonic vesicle and crown-rump length growth rates, and the biparietal, thoracic, and abdominal diameters at 45 days of pregnancy were within normal range for goats in both groups. Litter size at birth was similar between the groups at a mean 1.39 ± 0.11. In conclusion, the substitution of corn with dehydrated carnauba wax palm fruit in concentrated feed for postpartum goats showed no positive effects. Reduced feed intake in the does consuming the carnauba diet caused decreased body reserves, which probably resulted in a decreased pregnancy rate in the affected does.
Perez R.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul |
Ribeiro S.,Faculdades Integradas do Tapajos |
Borges-Martins M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Zootaxa | Year: 2012
We revised the taxonomic status of Amphisbaena prunicolor and A. albocingulata, two taxa traditionally recognized as subspecies of A. prunicolor in the A. darwini complex. Despite some authors elevated both taxa to the specific rank, its taxonomic decisions were made without specific commentaries and/or proper diagnostic characters. The comparison of morphological characters between the two taxa with other similar species, associated with A. darwini (A. darwini, A. heterozonata, A. munoai and A. trachura), revealed a unique combination of diagnostic characters. Amphisbaena pruni-color and A. albocingulata were considered distinct species, diagnosable by the presence of the postmalar row in A. prunicolor, absent in A. albocingulata and by the ventral colour pattern uniform (pale brown) in A. albocingulata and checkerboard (brown-purplish and white) in A. prunicolor. We also provided a redescription of the two species, information on intraspecific variation in A. munoai and suggested the extension of the distribution of A. darwini to southern Brazil. Copyright © 2012 Magnolia Press.
Figueira M.C.,Faculdades Integradas do Tapajos
Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2012
This qualitative study aimed to analyze the knowledge and educational practices of nurses in the Family Health Units, in Santarém-PA, North of Brazil, and their utilization of health education tools within the labour process. We conducted semi-structured interviews and observation of educational activities of 15 nurses. From the content analysis, the following themes emerged: conceptions of health education; educational practices within the work process; and a trend to the Popular Education theoretical framework. Despite most of the nurses were Family Health specialists, they mentioned a gap in their professional education in terms of theoretical knowledge about health education. The traditional models were predominant in the conceptions and practices. The labour process is strongly based on Ministry of Health's programs. It was possible to recognize a discrete trend to Popular Education, with attempts to a reorientation of their educational practices, establishing partnerships with other care providers and community leaderships.
PubMed | Faculdades Integradas do Tapajos
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista brasileira de enfermagem | Year: 2012
This qualitative study aimed to analyze the knowledge and educational practices of nurses in the Family Health Units, in Santarm-PA, North of Brazil, and their utilization of health education tools within the labour process. We conducted semi-structured interviews and observation of educational activities of 15 nurses. From the content analysis, the following themes emerged: conceptions of health education; educational practices within the work process; and a trend to the Popular Education theoretical framework. Despite most of the nurses were Family Health specialists, they mentioned a gap in their professional education in terms of theoretical knowledge about health education. The traditional models were predominant in the conceptions and practices. The labour process is strongly based on Ministry of Healths programs. It was possible to recognize a discrete trend to Popular Education, with attempts to a reorientation of their educational practices, establishing partnerships with other care providers and community leaderships.