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Bezerra A.M.R.,University of Brasilia | Pagnozzi J.M.,Faculdade Salesiana de Vitoria | Carmignotto A.P.,Federal University of São Carlos | Yonenaga-Yassuda Y.,University of Sao Paulo | Rodrigues F.H.G.,Federal University of Minas Gerais
Comparative Cytogenetics | Year: 2012

Clyomys Thomas, 1916 is a semifossorial rodent genus of spiny rats represented by only one species, C. laticeps, which inhabits the tropical savannas and grasslands of central Brazil and eastern Paraguay. Here we describe a new karyotype of C. laticeps found in populations of Emas National Park, Goias state, Brazil. The four analyzed specimens had a diploid number (2n) of 32 and a fundamental autosome number (FN) of 54. Cytogenetic data include conventional staining, CBG and GTG-banding. The karyotype presents 12 meta/submetacentric pairs (1 to 12) and 3 pairs of acrocentrics (13 to 15) with gradual decrease in size. The X chromosome is a medium submetacentric and the Y is a medium acrocentric. The semifossorial habits together with habitat specificity could have contributed to the karyological variations found on this genus. © Alexandra M. R. Bezerra et al.

de Andrade F.B.,University of Pernambuco | Caldas Jr. A.F.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Kitoko P.M.,Faculdade Salesiana de Vitoria | Zandonade E.,Federal University of Espirito Santo
Cadernos de Saude Publica | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between inadequate nutrient intake, oral health and family cohesion. This was a crosssectional study with a sample of 887 non-institutionalized elderly people from Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Oral examination was performed by trained and calibrated examiners and three measurements were considered: number of posterior occluding pairs of natural teeth (POP), number of teeth and overall dental status. Nutrient intake was assessed by a 24-hour diet recall interview. The elderly person's perception of family cohesion was assessed using the family adaptability and cohesion scale. People with no POP were more likely than those with 5 or more POP to have inadequate intake of vitamin C (OR = 2.79; 95%CI: 1.16-6.71), calcium (OR = 3.74; 95%CI: 1.69-8.25), riboflavin (OR = 2.49; 95%CI: 1.10- 5.64) and zinc (OR = 3.43; 95%CI: 1.07-10.94). There was no association between elderly people's perceptions of family cohesion and inadequate intakes. It was concluded that oral health is related to inadequate intake of important nutrients among non-institutionalized elderly people.

Farina F.,Federal University of Espirito Santo | Piassi F.G.,Faculdade Salesiana de Vitoria | Moyses M.R.,Federal University of Espirito Santo | Bazzolli D.M.S.,Faculdade Salesiana de Vitoria | de Souza Bissoli N.,Federal University of Espirito Santo
Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism | Year: 2010

Dietary fiber performs important functions in diabetes mellitus control and treatment. In this study, we evaluate the reduction in plasma glucose after the treatment of diabetic rats with high-fiber Solanum lycocarpum flour. We found that serum glucose, water and food intake, urine excretion, and urine sodium concentration were reduced in S. lycocarpum flour-treated diabetic rats (TDRs), compared with diabetic control rats (DCRs). In addition, TDRs did not show signs of kidney hypertrophy, unlike those in the DCR group. These results suggest that the use of S. lycocarpum flour can be an effective support in diabetes mellitus treatment.

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