Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau

Campina Grande, Brazil

Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau

Campina Grande, Brazil

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De Menezes R.C.E.,Federal University of Alagoas | De Lira P.I.C.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Oliveira J.S.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Leal V.S.,Federal University of Alagoas | And 3 more authors.
Jornal de Pediatria | Year: 2011

Objective: To examine the prevalence of overweight and its association with socioeconomic and environmental factors, ownership of household goods, maternal nutritional status, and healthcare in preschoolers. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 954 preschoolers from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, 2006. Multiple logistic regression with hierarchical modeling was conducted. Odds ratios for overweight (crude and adjusted for confounders) were calculated for each independent variable. Results: The prevalence of overweight was 8.1% for the state as a whole and 9% for the Recife Metropolitan Region. In urban and rural areas, the prevalence was 9.7 and 6.8%, respectively. A high prevalence of overweight was found among children whose families lived in better socioeconomic conditions (per capita family income, high educational achievement and access to household goods, better housing and sanitation, and healthcare). The logistic regression final model indicated that maternal educational achievement, ownership of household goods, and maternal body mass index were the determinants that best explained child overweight. Conclusion: Overweight was more prevalent than malnutrition among preschoolers. The prevalence was highest among children living in more privileged socioeconomic conditions. Copyright © 2011 by Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria.

de Menezes R.C.E.,Federal University of Alagoas | de Lira P.I.C.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Leal V.S.,Federal University of Alagoas | Oliveira J.S.,Federal University of Pernambuco | And 4 more authors.
Revista de Saude Publica | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of stunting in children under five and identify factors associated. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 1991, 1997 and 2006 in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. The following variables associated with the prevalence of stunting (height-forage < -2 z-score) were studied: socioeconomic condition, maternal and child characteristics, and health care provided. A hierarchical model was used in the multiple logistic regression to assess the impact of explanatory variables on children's stunting. RESULTS: The prevalence of child malnutrition (height-for-age) was reduced by 65% from 1991 to 2006. Socioeconomic variables (per capita family income, maternal education, number of people living in the household and access to consumer goods), maternal height and birth weight were associated with stunting in children under five. CONCLUSIONS: All the determinants studied improved over the study period though not consistently. Despite significant reduction of child malnutrition in Pernambuco there remain differences regarding stunting, and children with better socioeconomic conditions have more favorable outcomes.

Almeida A.C.S.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Vilela M.A.,University of Pernambuco | Cavalcanti F.L.S.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Martins W.M.B.S.,Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau | And 2 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2012

This work reports the identification of the first case of a KPC-2-producing Pseudomonas putida isolate (PP36) in Brazil. The PP36 isolate was resistant to all the antimicrobials tested except polymyxin B. In addition to the discovered bla KPC-2 gene, genetic analysis showed the presence of a class 1 integron containing the dhfrXVb gene and the new allele arr-6, which codes for resistance to rifampin. These elements were found in an IncFI 65-kb plasmid. Copyright © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

PubMed | Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau, Regional University of Cariri, Federal University of Pernambuco and Faculdade Vale do Salgado
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista latino-americana de enfermagem | Year: 2015

to evaluate the participation of adolescents in the Family Health Strategy, from the theoretical-methodological structure of an enabler to participation.a quantitative study, conducted from December of 2010 to March of 2011, with 213 professionals in the FHS in the region of Cariri-Cear-Brazil. Data were collected through a questionnaire and organized in SPSS 18.0.the level of normative participation becomes manifest beginning with the adolescent search for health services, motivated by disease (77.9%). Normative participation + independence appear when they seek prenatal care and family planning. Emancipatory participation was identified by the frequency of adolescents in group activities, in the schools, and a move in the direction of the level of transformative participation was observed.in this context, it is understood that there exists a need to stimulate the participatory process of the adolescents for a change in health promotion in this group.

Alexandre A.P.S.,University of Sao Paulo | De Aquino A.B.,Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau | De Lyra D.G.,Institute Educacao | Froehlich A.,Institute Educacao
Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinaria | Year: 2016

This study aimed to verify the microbiological quality of butter cheese by means of coliforms at 35°C, 45°C with confirmation of Escherichia coli, coagulase positive Staphylococcus, Salmonella sp., Filamentous fungi and yeasts and mesophilic aerobic bacteria. 40 samples from the retail market of Maceió, Alagoas and metropolitan area were evaluated. According parameters as required by law, 37.5% of the samples were out of range for Salmonella sp., 17,5% for Staphylococcus positive coagulase, 42.5% for coliforms at 45°C of which 41.7% were Escherichia coli coliform 37.5% at 35°C, 40% filamentous fungi, yeasts and 82.5% mesophilic aerobic bacteria. Once the cheese butter is a food ready-to-eat, even the low incidence of contamination by pathogens may pose a risk to consumer health, so it is essential to ensure that food safety standards are met, since the cheese that is sold at room temperature and without labeling.

Araujo D.D.F.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | De Almondes K.M.,Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau
Biological Rhythm Research | Year: 2015

The shortcomings of public schools affect the academic performance of the student. Cognitive stimulation using electronic games has shown positive results, especially by improving performance of the visuo-spatial cognitive processes, working memory, and attention. However, variables such as bedtime, sleep duration, and sleep regularity are important factors that can also affect performance at these processes. We aimed to analyze the relationship between intervention with games and cognitive processes in elementary school students, and the role played by sleep in any changes. The sample consisted of 42 students (age: mean = 10.0, SD = 1.5 years) and an experimental group (n = 21, of similar age). The experimental group participated in an intervention using the game Safari, which stimulates working memory; the control group was required to reproduce works of art with the software Paint. The participants completed the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children before and after the intervention, and their parents completed a 30-day sleep diary. The results revealed that the performance of the experimental group in visuo-spatial skills and executive skills improved after the intervention, and their performance at Safari increased significantly. The experimental group also showed significant correlations between sleep variables and visuo-spatial ability and attention. Our data showed that the observed improvement in visuo-spatial ability may have been influenced by the measured association between bedtime/sleep duration and performance. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

De Paulo Rodrigues da Silva V.,Federal University of Campina Grande | Borges C.J.R.,Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau | De Albuquerque W.G.,Campus de Pombal
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2014

An accurate estimation of water consumption of cane sugar crop is important for maximum productivity with less investment. The objective of this study was to determine the water requirements of sugar cane grown in tropical environments. The field experiment was carried out in Paraiba state, during the productive cycle of sugar cane crop variety RB 92 579 irrigated by central pivot irrigation (sprinkler) from October 2009 to September 2011. The crop evapotranspiration was obtained based on soil water balance and reference evapotranspiration by Penman-Monteith method (FAO/56), using the data of air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and solar radiation from Data Collection Platform, next to the experimental site. Soil water moisture was monitored by TDR probes (Frequency Domain Reflectometry), Model PR2/6, Delta-T. The results showed that the crop coefficients values proposed by the FAO for sugar cane are not suitable for tropical regions. The water consumption of sugar cane ranged from 2.6 mm day-1, at initial crop growth stage, to 6.38 mm day-1, with an average of 4.3 mm day-1 for all cycle. Similarly, the crop coefficient ranged from 0.56 to 1.43, with an average of 0.99 for the same development crop growth stages.

de Melo M.C.B.,Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau | de Barros E.N.,Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau | de Almeida A.M.L.G.,Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2011

Adolescence is a period in human development characterized by profound biological, psychological and social modifications affecting both adolescents and their entire social and family environment. This stage, which has good character forming opportunities, is also permeated by various risks, including violence. Nowadays, violence is the main cause of death among adolescents and is considered a public health concern. This research sought to investigate manifestations of violence in adolescents from public schools of the municipality of Jaboatão dos Guararapes. This is a qualitative study, in which the data obtained from a questionnaire was analyzed using the content analysis technique. The results show that the main manifestations of violence involve harm to others. Drug usage was revealed as the main motive behind physical violence. The deployment of more policemen was the strategy most cited and strengthening the family unit was the most commented preventative measure. In conclusion, the importance of further discussion about disguised manifestations of violence is clear as this would contribute to reflections on new prevention proposals and greater visibility of the phenomenon.

De Sousa Melo E.C.,Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau | Da Silva Aragao M.R.,Federal University of Campina Grande | Correia M.F.,Federal University of Campina Grande
Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia | Year: 2014

In this work the daily surface wind cycle is investigated focusing on the seasonal variation and the local circulations. The data collected by the automatic station located 25-30 km far from Petrolina and by the conventional station located in the city are used. The results show that the hourly mean wind speeds increase (decrease) during April-May-June (October-November-December) due to the intensification (weakening) of the South Atlantic subtropical high. During the three-month period July-August-September the hourly wind speeds are very close and have their highest intensities, with wind direction in the interval 120-130 degrees. In general, the daily cycle gives evidence of a maximum at 8-9 LT (local time) and two minima, one at 5-6 LT and another at 17-18 LT, in every month. The hodographs of the local wind at both stations show weak local circulations from January to May, a characteristic that may be related to a higher soil moisture content and, as a consequence, to lower values of the sensible heat flux gradient. During the remaining of the year, the dry period, the local circulations are comparatively stronger. The hodographs are irregularly drawn suggesting one local wind regime, in the southeast-northwest direction. The local circulations are stronger at 9 and 18 LT, the times of maximum and minimum wind speeds during the daily cycle, respectively.

PubMed | Faculdade Mauricio de Nassau, State University of Piauí and Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992) | Year: 2016

to evaluate the relationship between levels of physical activity, fatigue and quality of life (QOL) in women diagnosed with breast cancer.215 women between the ages of 40 and 65 years were recruited at a cancer clinic. Physical activity levels were assessed by using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), fatigue levels by using the revised Piper scale, and QOL by means of EORTC QLQ-C30 and WHOQOL-Bref. Statistical analysis was performed using Minitab statistical software, version 16.the mean age of subjects was 52.66 years (SD=8.6); patients were mostly white (58.14%) and overweight (55.81%). Most women were fatigued (72.09%) while physically active women showed lower symptoms of fatigue (p<0.001). Mean scores for QOL were significantly lower among fatigued women (p<0.001). More active women scored higher on all scales of QOL (EORTC), especially for functional capacity (p<0.001), compared with the sedentary patients. A significant association was found between level of physical activity and overall QOL (WHOQOL-Bref) for all domains (p<0.001). Climacteric symptoms ranged from mild to strong and did not show any statistically significant results; however, the most active women had the fewest symptoms.physical activity appears to positively influence fatigue and QOL in women diagnosed with breast cancer.

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