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Vienna, Austria

Risser R.,FACTUM OG | Iwarsson S.,Lund University | Stahl A.,Lund University
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour | Year: 2012

People with cognitive functional limitations (CFLs) have rarely been the focus of research dealing with road users and their needs. The aim of the present study was to describe how people with CFL post-stroke manage in their use of buses in the framework of their outdoor mobility, and to find out what difficulties, but also what opportunities, they experienced when moving from origin to destination using buses in public transport. Semi-structured interviews combined with participant observations during bus trips with eight persons were performed. Several barriers that have the potential to restrict autonomous outdoor mobility were identified. These barriers were not only represented by well-known infrastructure problems (high pavement curbs, etc.) or ergonomic shortcomings in the buses but, even more so, by specific issues relevant for persons with CFL, e.g. having to cross a road on their way to the bus stop, which poses problems of interaction with fast-moving car traffic. Obtaining all the necessary information prior to and during the trip is difficult and produces insecurity. Often, communication with the bus drivers, not least in connection with the search for information, causes extra stress. Lack of self-confidence and feelings of inferiority add to these problems. Measures to control vehicle speeds, to optimise the communication style of bus drivers with their customers, and to improve customers' access to information are recommended. Training measures to reassure persons with CFL in connection with their use of the public space are suggested. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Risser R.,Lund University | Lexell E.M.,Lund University | Lexell E.M.,Skane University Hospital | Bell D.,FACTUM OG | And 2 more authors.
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour | Year: 2015

Being able to move around in the community including using different modes of transport is a prerequisite for being able to participate in activities outside home. This can be particular challenging for people with cognitive impairments. Still, research regarding public transport for people with cognitive impairments is scarce. In this narrative review scientific literature focusing on people with cognitive impairments and their needs in public transport, was identified and summarised. All aspects in the travel chain perspective were of interest. Literature search engines Scirus, Elin and Cinahl were used during the search. Thirty-four articles were included and analysed according to which part of the travel chain they covered in the used model. The results showed that the articles were unevenly allocated to the different parts of the model. Future studies based on real-world experiences are essential, and more user-centred approaches should be adopted. Moreover, there is a need for the development and evaluation of evidence-based rehabilitation. Finally, more research is needed to foster societal awareness of the problems and needs in the public transport of people with cognitive impairments taking the whole travel chain into consideration. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Fussl E.,FACTUM OG | Oberlader M.,FACTUM OG | Beanland V.,Australian National University | Spyropoulou I.,National Technical University of Athens | And 7 more authors.
IET Intelligent Transport Systems | Year: 2015

Research on the acceptability of assistive systems for improving the safety of powered two-wheelers (PTWs) is a pressing issue. The use of safety-enhancing assistive systems for motorised vehicles, including advanced driver assistance systems and in-vehicle information systems is widespread in many countries. Yet, there is only a limited number of equivalent intelligent transport systems (ITS) for PTWs, namely advanced rider assistance systems and on-bike information systems. This study describes the methodological development of a specific tool for assessing motorcyclists' acceptability of ITS, as part of the motorcyclists' profiling questionnaire (MOPROQ). There were three stages of development. First, a literature review was undertaken to assess the current state of the art regarding ITS for PTWs and to determine the most relevant facets of acceptability that should be measured. Second, a series of focus group interviews were conducted to explore riders' attitudes towards ITS. Finally, the focus group results were used to develop a large-scale survey (MOPROQ), which was administered to an initial sample of over 6000 riders internationally. The designed tool can be used as a basis for the determination of rider acceptability of ITS systems in the future. © The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2015. Source


Huth V.,University of Lyon | Fussl E.,FACTUM OG | Risser R.,FACTUM OG
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour | Year: 2014

The popularity of motorcycle riding and the results from accident analyses constitute it as a major area of concern in road safety. Despite the importance of the human factor in motorcycle crashes, the need for a better understanding of the riding activity is not yet satisfied by academic research. Focus group discussions have been carried out with riders so as to obtain insights into the nature of riding, the risk factors that underlie this activity, as well as strategic and tactical issues. Results concern key areas of interest in motorcycle riding behaviour: riders' individual behaviour, interactions among riders or with other road users, environment-related hazards and improvement suggestions for riding safety. The hazards originating from the environment and other road users that have been identified by the riders should be considered in further quantitative research and the implementation of corresponding countermeasures needs to be promoted. More communication is needed among road user groups and stakeholders, taking into account the needs of riders. On the other hand, the results reveal that riders might be reluctant to acknowledge the necessary contribution to the improvement of riding safety by changes in individual riding behaviour. Self-reflection should be encouraged, considering the role hedonistic objectives may play in this context. The outcome of this study permits giving preliminary recommendations on potentially beneficial education and training measures, and identifying specific topics that should be further investigated by quantitative research, such as naturalistic riding studies. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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