Buchhorn G.H.,Fachklinik Lorsch |
Bersebach P.,Fachklinik Lorsch |
Stauch T.,Fachklinik Lorsch |
Schultz W.,Fachklinik Lorsch |
Koster G.,Fachklinik Lorsch
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials | Year: 2015
During the loosening cascade of cemented rough femoral stems, the destruction of the mantle and the production of cement and metal wear debris occur after the loss of constraint at the interface. Two-dimensional (2D) measurements (light microscopy based morphometry on fragments of mantles and vertical scanning interferometry of femoral stems) permitted mathematical 3D-extrapolations to estimate the wear volumes. Fragments of the cement mantles available lost volumes from 0.85 mm3 to 494.10 mm3 (median amount of bone cement wear5178,426 mg). The harder metal surfaces lost between 1.459 mm3 and 5.688 mm3 of material (the median amount of metal wear per surface51.504 mg/100 mm2). Compared to the loss of material due to the fretting of stems, the abrasion of metal, and cement in defective cement mantles produced wear volumes sufficiently high to induce osteolysis. Though the design of the femoral stem and the handling of bone cement do not represent contemporary design and clinical practice, respectively, an extremely high number of joint replacements still in daily use may be impacted by this study because of possible predicted failures. Once the processes of fragmentation, abrasion, and osteolysis have been realized, the time until revision surgery should not be unduly prolonged. © 2014 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.