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Ezhou, China

Jin J.,Hubei University | Xie L.,Ezhou Central Hospital | Xie C.H.,Hubei University | Zhou Y.F.,Hubei University
Genetics and Molecular Research

We aimed to explore the association between aberrant DNA methylation of the O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and human mutL homolog 1 (hMLH1) genes with gastric cancer. A total of 283 gastric cancer patients who were confrmed by pathological diagnosis were included in our study. Aberrant DNA methylation of MGMT and hMLH1 were detected. The proportions of DNA hypermethylation in MGMT and hMLH1 in cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in remote normal-appearing tissues. The DNA hypermethylation of MGMT was correlated with the tumor-necrosis-metastasis stage in gastric cancer tissues. Results showed that individuals with gastric cancer in the N1 and M1 stages had a significantly higher risk of DNA hypermethylation of MGMT in cancer tissues [odds ratio (OR) = 1.97, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.15-3.37 for the N1 stage; OR (95%CI) = 5.39 (2.08-14.98) for the M1 stage]. In conclusion, we found that aberrant hypermethylation of MGMT could be a predictive biomarker for detecting gastric cancer. © FUNPEC-RP. Source

Wu L.,Wuhan University | Chen Z.,Wuhan University | Zhang J.,Ezhou Central Hospital | Xing Y.,Wuhan University
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology - Medical Science

This study investigated the effect of etoposide, an anticancer chemotherapy drug, on B7-H1 expression in retinoblastoma (Rb) cells and the role of miR-513a-5p in the process. Rb cells were divided into control and etoposide groups. In the etoposide group, cells were treated with etoposide at different concentrations (2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 μg/mL) for 24 h. Those given no treatment of etopside served as controls. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), fluorescence quantitative PCR and flow cytometry were performed to measure the mRNA and protein expression of B7-H1 in Rb cells. The mRNA expression of miR-513a-5p in Rb cells before and after etoposide treatment was also detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The miR-513a-5p mimics and the miR-513a-5p inhibitor were transfected into Rb cells separately, and fluorescence quantitative PCR and flow cytometry were used to detect the effect of the miR-513a-5p mimics or inhibitor on B7-H1 expression. TargetScan5.2 was employed to predict the miR-513a-5p binding sites in the 3'-untranslated region of B7-H1 mRNA. Luciferase reporter plasmids carrying this site were prepared and transfected into Rb cells and luciferase activity analyzed. The results showed that etoposide stimulated the mRNA and protein expression of B7-H1 in Rb cells, which reached a maximal level after treatment with 5 μg/mL etoposide (P<0.05). However, miR-513a-5p expression was decreased in Rb cells after etoposide treatment. When the miR-513a-5p inhibitor was added, B7-H1 expression was increased with the concentration of the miR-513a-5p inhibitor (P<0.05). Moreover, B7-H1 expression was decreased gradually with the concentration of the miR-513a-5p mimics increased (P<0.01). Additionally, the miR-513a-5p mimics were found to inhibit the luciferase activity. It was concluded that etoposide can promote B7-H1 expression in Rb cells, which may be associated with chemoresistance. The promoting effect of etoposide on B7-H1 expression can be reversed by miR-513a-5p mimics. MiR-513a-5p inhibits the mRNA and protein expression of B7-H1 via binding to the 3'-UTR of B7-H1 mRNA. © Huazhong University of Science and Technology and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012. Source

Li F.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Zhao Z.,Ezhou Central Hospital | Cai Z.,Zhejiang University | Dong N.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Liu Y.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Cardiology (Switzerland)

Objectives: We have previously shown that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) promotes the osteogenic differentiation of valvular interstitial cells (VICs) by inducing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We also demonstrated the detrimental role of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) activation and signaling in the development and progression of aortic valve (AV) calcification. Here, we test the hypothesis that oxLDL may induce the osteoblastic differentiation of VICs via RAGE. Methods: Cultured porcine aortic VICs were used in an in vitro model. The VICs were incubated with oxLDL for analysis, with and without RAGE siRNA. Results: We found that oxLDL markedly increased the expression of RAGE, induced high levels of proinflammatory cytokine production and promoted the osteoblastic differentiation and calcification of VICs. oxLDL also induced phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPK. However, these effects were found to be markedly suppressed by siRNA silencing of RAGE. Conclusions: Our data provide evidence that RAGE mediates oxLDL-induced activation of p38 and JNK MAPK and the osteogenic differentiation of VICs. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Hou H.-W.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Li X.-G.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Yan M.,Ezhou Central Hospital | Hu Z.-Q.,Ezhou Central Hospital | Song Y.-E.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Molecular Medicine Reports

Accumulating evidence suggests that Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) may be important in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and coronary vasospasm. In the present study, we investigated whether ROCK activity is increased in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Twenty-one patients with ACS (12 males, mean age 58.0±8.0 years) and 20 control subjects (10 males, mean age 55.0±6.0 years) were enrolled. Blood samples were obtained and demographics were recorded. Peripheral leukocyte ROCK activity was determined by the ratio of phospho-myosin-binding subunit (P-MBS) on myosin light-chain phosphatase to total MBS. Compared with the control subjects, ROCK activity was significantly increased in ACS patients (0.69±0.07 vs. 0.45±0.04, P<0.001). There was no apparent correlation between the lipid levels (total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein) and ROCK activity (r=0.17, P>0.05; r=0.08, P>0.05; respectively). However, ROCK activity correlated with mean arterial pressure (r=0.58; P<0.01). ROCK activity is increased in ACS patients indicating that this may be a novel serological marker of ACS. Source

Niyaz B.,Renmin University of China | Zhao K.-L.,Renmin University of China | Liu L.-M.,Ezhou Central Hospital | Chen C.,Renmin University of China | And 4 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) ligand regulates adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitivity, and exerts antihyperlipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the mechanisms by which PPAR-γ ligands affect hyperlipidemia with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) have not been fully elucidated. The present study investigated the effects of rosiglitazone, a PPAR-γ ligand, on hyperlipidemia with SAP in a rat model. The hyperlipidemia was induced with a high-fat diet and SAP was induced by the administration of sodium taurocholate (TCA). The hyperlipidemia was shown to aggravate the severity of the sodium taurocholate-induced SAP. However, rosiglitazone demonstrated significant antihyperlipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects in the rats with high-lipid diet-induced hyperlipidemia and SAP. Source

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