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Garziera M.,Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology Unit | De Re V.,Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology Unit | Geremia S.,University of Trieste | Seruca R.,University of Porto | And 9 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2013

It is well documented that germline mutations in the E-cadherin (CDH1) gene are linked to hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC). Despite the known molecular genetic causes, most gastric cancers are sporadic and poorly investigated for susceptibility genes. We report the finding of a novel germline missense mutation in exon 6, c. 820 G > A (p.G274S) in one sporadic gastric cancer patient. This new variant does not affect cryptic splicing of CDH1 as demonstrated by molecular assay. Immunohistochemical analysis shows a mixed pattern of E-cadherin staining (membranous and cytoplasmic) in the intestinal component, while in the diffuse counterpart, the membranous staining was prevalent and a reduced membranous expression of ß-catenin was observed. In vitro assays suggest that the mutant G274S does not affect the E-cadherin protein function, its expression pattern or subcellular localization. This new variant is present in EC2 extracellular domain of the protein (p.G120S in mature protein). The molecular modelling shows that this point mutation is not dramatic for local structure. However, p.S120 is located on the surface of the protein close to the functional calcium sites and in the region of interaction with EC1 domain of another E-cadherin molecule involved in the formation of the intercellular junction. Moreover, p.S120 residue could be involved in posttranslational modifications, such as phosphorylation or glycosylation, with possible effects on stability and integrity of adhesive properties of E-cadherin. In conclusion, the pathogenicity of this mutation is unlikely; probably we found a new germline CDH1 missense mutation with potential impact, however, of uncertain significance. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Corona G.,Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology Unit | De Lorenzo E.,Experimental Oncology 2 Unit | Elia C.,Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology Unit | Simula M.P.,Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology Unit | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2010

The principal aim of the present study consisted in the identification of the disregulated proteins associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The differences in protein expression between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the corresponding non-HCC liver tissues were investigated in a cohort of 20 patients using two-dimensional fluorescence difference in gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS). The up-and down-regulated protein spots that exhibited 1.5-fold difference signal intensity with statistical significance (p<0.05, t-test, confidence intervals 95%) were excised from the gel and identified by peptide mass fingerprinting using matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Thirty-six protein spots corresponding to 29 different disregulated proteins, belonging to heterogeneous metabolic pathways, have been identified. Down-regulated proteins (n=23) were found superior in number than the up-regulated proteins (n=6). Detoxification, carbohydrate metabolism and amino acid biotrasformation represented the main disregulated pathways in HCC. Upregulation of aldo-keto reductase 1C2, thioredoxin and transketolase, involved in metabolic and regulatory cellular processes including proliferation, differentiation and carcinogenesis were remarkable. These proteins could represent useful biomarkers to provide new insights into global pathophysiologic changes of HCC and for the development of new pharmacological approaches to HCC therapy.

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