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Poblado C-11 José María Morelos y Pavón, Mexico

Fernandez-Rojas B.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Rodriguez-Rangel D.S.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Granados-Castro L.F.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Negrette-Guzman M.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | And 5 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2015

The potential of C-phycocyanin (C-PC) to prevent cisplatin (CP)-induced kidney mitochondrial dysfunction was determined in CD-1 male mice. The CP-induced mitochondrial dysfunction was characterized by ultrastructural abnormalities and by decrease in the following parameters in isolated kidney mitochondria: adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced oxygen consumption (state 3), respiratory control ratio, ADP/oxygen (ADP/O) ratio, adenosine triphosphate synthesis, membrane potential, calcium retention, glutathione (GSH) content, and activity of respiratory complex I, aconitase, catalase, and GSH peroxidase. These mitochondria also showed increase in hydrogen peroxide production, malondialdehyde, and 3-nitrotyrosine protein adducts content. The above-described changes, as well as CP-induced nephrotoxicity, were attenuated in mice pretreated with a single injection of C-PC. Our data suggest that the attenuation of mitochondrial abnormalities is involved in the protective effect of C-PC against CP-induced nephrotoxicity. This is the first demonstration that C-PC pretreatment prevents CP-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in mice. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Tapia E.,Instituto Nacional Of Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez | Zatarain-Barron Z.L.,Experimental Pathology Section | Hernandez-Pando R.,Experimental Pathology Section | Zarco-Marquez G.,Instituto Nacional Of Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez | And 5 more authors.
Phytomedicine | Year: 2013

The administration of curcumin before and throughout the study attenuates oxidant stress and glomerular hemodynamic alterations induced by 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6NX). The purpose of this work was to study if curcumin is able to reverse established glomerular hemodynamic alterations (e.g. hyperfiltration and glomerular hypertension) and oxidant stress in rats with 5/6NX. Curcumin (120 mg/kg) was given to rats with established renal injury (30 days after surgery) and continued for 30 days (days 31-60 of the study). All rats were studied on day 60 after surgery. Curcumin was able (a) to reverse 5/6NX-induced glomerular hypertension and hyperfiltration, (b) to induce cell proliferation and nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and (c) to reverse 5/6NX-induced oxidant stress and decrease in antioxidant enzymes. These beneficial effects of curcumin were associated with the ability of this antioxidant to reverse renal structural alterations, proteinuria, hypertension, interstitial fibrosis, fibrotic glomeruli, tubular atrophy and mesangial expansion. It has been shown for the first time that curcumin is able to reverse established oxidants stress glomerular hypertension and hyperfiltration in rats with 5/6NX. These novel findings may play a key role in the attenuation of proteinuria and progression of renal damage in rats with 5/6NX. These data suggest that curcumin may be useful to reverse established hemodynamic alterations and renal injury in patients with chronic renal failure. © 2012 Elsevier GmbH.

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