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Barisella M.,Anatomic Pathology B Unit | Collini P.,Anatomic Pathology B Unit | Orsenigo M.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | Aiello A.,Anatomic Pathology B Unit | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology | Year: 2010

All of the members of the peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor family (Ewing sarcomas, neuroectodermal tumors of bone, peripheral neuroepitheliomas, and Askin tumors) have similar morphologic and immunophenotypical features (ie, the proliferation of small and medium-sized round cells in a fibrous background showing strong and diffuse immunohistochemical positivity for CD99), and the common cytogenetic abnormality of a nonrandom translocation involving the EWS gene and one of several members of the erythroblastosis virus transforming sequence family of transcription factors. The combination of clinical information and morphologic/ immunophenotypical characteristics is usually sufficient for a correct diagnosis, but there are rare cases in which an unusual predominant or multidirectional immunophenotypical differentiation makes diagnosis a challenge and requires the use of molecular cytogenetic or molecular techniques. We describe 3 such cases in which we employed fluorescence in-situ hybridization analysis to detect translocation involving the EWS gene and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction followed by sequencing to detect the fusion transcript EWS-FLI1. Copyright © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Stacchiotti S.,Adult Sarcoma Medical Oncology Unit | Negri T.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | Libertini M.,Adult Sarcoma Medical Oncology Unit | Palassini E.,Adult Sarcoma Medical Oncology Unit | And 7 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2012

Background: To report on sunitinib activity in a retrospective series of 35 solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) treated at a single institution. Patients and methods: From April 2008, 35 patients with progressive advanced SFT (male/female: 20/15; mean age: 58 years; meningeal/extrameningeal: 6/29; locally advanced/metastatic: 15/20; prior chemotherapy: 25) were treated, on an individual use basis, with continuous-dosing sunitinib 37.5 mg/day. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) status were assessed by immunohistochemistry and, in a subgroup of patients, by real time PCR. Results: Thirty-one patients were assessable for response by RECIST (one early death; three early interruptions). Best responses were 2 partial response (PR), 16 stable disease, 13 progressive disease. A <30% decrease in size was observed in three patients. Fourteen of 29 patients assessable by Choi criteria had a PR. Median progression-free survival by RECIST was 6 months (range 1-22). In two of six patients, resistance to sunitinib was overcome by increasing sunitinib to 50 mg/day. PDGFRB and/or VEGFR2 were positive in all cases and not predictive of response; a less aggressive morphology corresponded to an increased response rate (53% PR by Choi in the malignant SFT, 20% PR in the pleomorphic/dedifferentiated SFT). Conclusions: Sunitinib is active in SFT. Response can be long-lasting. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Stacchiotti S.,Adult Sarcoma Medical Oncology Unit | Tortoreto M.,Molecular Pharmacology Unit | Bozzi F.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | Tamborini E.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Purpose: To explore the value of triazines in solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Experimental Design: We retrospectively reviewed 8 cases of patients with SFT treated with dacarbazine (1,200mg/m2 every 3 weeks) as from January 2012. Then, we studied a dedifferentiated-SFT subcutaneously xenotransplanted into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. Dacarbazine, temozolomide, sunitinib, bevacizumab, and pazopanib were administered at their reported optimal doses for the mouse model when mean tumor volume (TV) was about 80mm3; each experimental groups included 6 mice. Drug activity was assessed as tumor volume inhibition percentage (TVI%). Dacarbazine was tested according to two different schedules of administration. One hunded twenty days after treatment interruption, mouse tumor samples were analyzed. Results: Among the eight patients treated with dacarbazine, best response evaluation criteria in solid tumors responses (RECIST) were three partial responses, 4 stable disease, 1 progression. Two responsive patients had paraneoplastic hypoglycemia that disappeared after 10 days from starting dacarbazine. In the dedifferentiated-SFT xenograft model, dacarbazine and temozolomide showed the highest antitumor activity (about 95% TVI), confirmed pathologically. Sunitinib and pazopanib were only marginally active (52% and 41% TVI, respectively), whereas bevacizumab caused a 78% TVI. No tumor regrowth was observed up to 100 days from end of treatment with temozolomide and dacarbazine, whereas secondary progression followed sunitinib, pazopanib, and bevacizumab interruption. Conclusions: Dacarbazine as single agent has antitumor activity in SFT. Our preclinical results suggest a cytotoxic effect of temozolomide and dacarbazine, as compared with a cytostatic role for sunitinib, pazopanib, and bevacizumab. A phase II study on dacarbazine in advanced SFT is planned. © 2013 American Association for Cancer Research.

Stacchiotti S.,Medical Oncology Unit 2 Adult Mesenchymal Tumours and Rare Cancers | Provenzano S.,Medical Oncology Unit 2 Adult Mesenchymal Tumours and Rare Cancers | Dagrada G.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | Negri T.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | And 14 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2016

Background: The aim of this study was to report on sirolimus activity in a series of patients with hemangioendothelioma (HE) treated at the National Cancer Institute, Milan (Istituto Nazionale Tumori; INT) and within the Italian Rare Cancer Network (“Rete Tumori Rari”; RTR). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients with advanced and progressing epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) treated with sirolimus at the INT and/or within the RTR. Pathologic review and molecular analysis for WWTR1 rearrangement were performed. Sirolimus was administered until unacceptable toxicity or progression, with the dose being adjusted to reach target plasma levels of 15–20 ng/dL. Responses were assessed using the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria. Results: Since 2005, 18 patients (17 EHE, 1 retiform HE; 1 locally advanced, 17 metastatic; WWTR1 rearrangement: 16) have been identified, with 17/18 patients being evaluable for response. Mean sirolimus daily dose was 4.5 mg. According to RECIST, best responses in EHE were 1 partial response (PR), 12 stable disease (SD), and 3 progressive disease (PD); the patient with retiform HE also achieved a PR, lasting >2 years. Four patients with a reversed interval progression on interruption were observed. Median overall survival was 16 months, and median progression-free survival was 12 months (range 1–45), with four patients progression-free at 24 months. The clinical benefit (complete response [CR] + PR + SD >6 months) was 56 %. Seven patients receiving sirolimus experienced an increase in pleural/peritoneal effusion plus worsening of tumor-related symptoms; six of these patients died within 1–8 months from evidence of effusion progression, while a RECIST PD was assessed in two of seven patients. Conclusions: A clinical benefit was achieved in 56 % of patients receiving sirolimus, which lasted >24 months in four patients. Most patients with pleural effusion did not benefit from sirolimus and had a poor outcome. © 2016 Society of Surgical Oncology

Negri T.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | Tarantino E.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | Orsenigo M.,Experimental Molecular Pathology Unit | Reid J.F.,Fondazione Istituto Nazionale Dei Tumori | And 4 more authors.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer | Year: 2010

Treatment success of breast cancer patients with trastuzumab alone or in combination depends not only on HER2/NEU amplification but also on PTEN and PI3K status and efficient cell death programs. In this pilot study, we found a significant association between loss of beclin 1 and HER2/NEU amplification (both on 17q21) in breast cancers. This finding was confirmed in two public copy number microarray datasets. Furthermore, there is a trend associating beclin 1 loss with TP53 mutations, PI3KCA gene gain, and PTEN mutations. Finally, the observation that beclin 1 gene loss predicted a response to trastuzumab alone or in combination with other drugs is worthy of further confirmation in larger cohorts. Our results suggest that, beclin 1 loss may contribute to genome instability and to a defective autophagy that may lead to tumoral cell death in presence of competent apoptosis or senescence pathways. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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