Jonsson J.-I.,Experimental Hematology Unit
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2010
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have recently been shown to display anti-neoplastic effects in human malignant myeloid cells. Our study was initiated in order to determine the effect of the pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, canertinib (CI-1033), on growth and survival of human leukemia (HL-60 and U-937) cells. We show that treatment of HL-60 and U-937 cells with canertinib significantly inhibits growth of both cell lines in a dose-dependent manner; half maximal effective dose (IC50) in HL-60 and U-937 cells was approximately 2.5 μM and 1.0 μM, respectively. Treatment with 2 μM canertinib promoted a G1 cell cycle arrest, whereas doses of 5 μM or more induced apoptosis as determined by the Annexin V method and cleavage of poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). HL-60 and U-937 cells lacked EGF-receptor transcript but expressed ErbB2-4 mRNA as determined by RT-PCR. However, none of the corresponding ErbB-receptor proteins could be detected by Western blot analysis. We conclude that canertinib induces apoptosis in HL-60 and U-937 cells devoid of functional ErbB1-4 receptors. Our results suggest that canertinib could be of potential clinical interest in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Greco R.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
Bondanza A.,Experimental Hematology Unit |
Vago L.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
Moiola L.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
And 19 more authors.
Annals of Neurology | Year: 2014
Neuromyelitis optica is a rare neurological autoimmune disorder characterized by a poor prognosis. Immunosuppression can halt disease progression, but some patients are refractory to multiple treatments, experiencing frequent relapses with accumulating disability. Here we report on durable clinical remissions after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 2 patients suffering from severe forms of the disease. Immunological data evidenced disappearance of the pathogenic antibodies and regeneration of a naive immune system of donor origin. These findings correlated with evident clinical and radiological improvement in both patients, warranting extended clinical trials to investigate this promising therapeutic option. ANN NEUROL 2014;75:447-453 © 2014 Child Neurology Society/American Neurological Association.
Reik A.,University of Houston |
Liu P.-Q.,University of Houston |
Miller J.C.,University of Houston |
Kebriaei P.,Sangamo BioSciences |
And 9 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012
Clinical-grade T cells are genetically modified ex vivo to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) to redirect specificity to a tumor associated antigen (TAA) thereby conferring antitumor activity in vivo. T cells expressing a CD19-specific CAR recognize B-cell malignancies in multiple recipients independent of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) because the specificity domains are cloned from the variable chains of a CD19 monoclonal antibody. We now report a major step toward eliminating the need to generate patient-specific T cells by generating universal allogeneic TAA-specific T cells from one donor that might be administered to multiple recipients. This was achieved by genetically editing CD19-specific CAR+ T cells to eliminate expression of the endogenous αβ T-cell receptor (TCR) to prevent a graft-versus-host response without compromising CAR-dependent effector functions. Genetically modified T cells were generated using the Sleeping Beauty system to stably introduce the CD19-specific CAR with subsequent permanent deletion of α or β TCR chains with designer zinc finger nucleases. We show that these engineered T cells display the expected property of having redirected specificity for CD19 without responding to TCR stimulation. CAR+TCRneg T cells of this type may potentially have efficacy as an off-the-shelf therapy for investigational treatment of B-lineage malignancies. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology.
PubMed | San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Experimental Hematology Unit, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and Program in Immunology and Bio immunotherapy of Cancer and Molmed S.p.A.
Type: Clinical Trial | Journal: Blood | Year: 2015
Memory stem T cells (TSCM) have been proposed as key determinants of immunologic memory. However, their exact contribution to a mounting immune response, as well as the mechanisms and timing of their in vivo generation, are poorly understood. We longitudinally tracked TSCM dynamics in patients undergoing haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), thereby providing novel hints on the contribution of this subset to posttransplant immune reconstitution in humans. We found that donor-derived TSCM are highly enriched early after HSCT. We showed at the antigen-specific and clonal level that TSCM lymphocytes can differentiate directly from naive precursors infused within the graft and that the extent of TSCM generation might correlate with interleukin 7 serum levels. In vivo fate mapping through T-cell receptor sequencing allowed defining the in vivo differentiation landscapes of human naive T cells, supporting the notion that progenies of single naive cells embrace disparate fates in vivo and highlighting TSCM as relevant novel players in the diversification of immunological memory after allogeneic HSCT.
Cieri N.,Vita-Salute San Raffaele University |
Cieri N.,Experimental Hematology Unit |
Camisa B.,Experimental Hematology Unit |
Cocchiarella F.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia |
And 15 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2013
Long-living memory stem T cells (TSCM) with the ability to self-renew and the plasticity to differentiate into potent effectors could be valuable weapons in adoptive T-cell therapy against cancer. Nonetheless, procedures to specifically target this T-cell population remain elusive. Here, we show that it is possible to differentiate in vitro, expand, and gene modify in clinically compliant conditions CD8+ TSCM lymphocytes starting from naive precursors. Requirements for the generation of this T-cell subset, described as CD62L+CCR7+CD45RA+CD45R0+IL-7Rα+CD95+, are CD3/ CD28 engagement and culture with IL-7 and IL-15. Accordingly, TSCM accumulates early after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The gene expression signature and functional phenotype define this population as a distinct memory T-lymphocyte subset, intermediate between naive and central memory cells. When transplanted in immunodeficient mice, gene-modified naive-derived TSCM prove superior to other memory lymphocytes for the ability to expand and differentiate into effectors able to mediate a potent xenogeneic GVHD. Furthermore, gene-modified TSCM are the only T-cell subset able to expand and mediate GVHD on serial transplantation, suggesting self-renewal capacity in a clinically relevant setting. These findings provide novel insights into the origin and requirements for TSCM generation and pave the way for their clinical rapid exploitation in adoptive cell therapy. © 2013 by The American Society of Hematology.