Jonsson J.-I.,Experimental Hematology Unit
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2010
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have recently been shown to display anti-neoplastic effects in human malignant myeloid cells. Our study was initiated in order to determine the effect of the pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, canertinib (CI-1033), on growth and survival of human leukemia (HL-60 and U-937) cells. We show that treatment of HL-60 and U-937 cells with canertinib significantly inhibits growth of both cell lines in a dose-dependent manner; half maximal effective dose (IC50) in HL-60 and U-937 cells was approximately 2.5 μM and 1.0 μM, respectively. Treatment with 2 μM canertinib promoted a G1 cell cycle arrest, whereas doses of 5 μM or more induced apoptosis as determined by the Annexin V method and cleavage of poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). HL-60 and U-937 cells lacked EGF-receptor transcript but expressed ErbB2-4 mRNA as determined by RT-PCR. However, none of the corresponding ErbB-receptor proteins could be detected by Western blot analysis. We conclude that canertinib induces apoptosis in HL-60 and U-937 cells devoid of functional ErbB1-4 receptors. Our results suggest that canertinib could be of potential clinical interest in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source
Reik A.,University of Houston |
Liu P.-Q.,University of Houston |
Miller J.C.,University of Houston |
Kebriaei P.,Sangamo BioSciences |
And 9 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2012
Clinical-grade T cells are genetically modified ex vivo to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) to redirect specificity to a tumor associated antigen (TAA) thereby conferring antitumor activity in vivo. T cells expressing a CD19-specific CAR recognize B-cell malignancies in multiple recipients independent of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) because the specificity domains are cloned from the variable chains of a CD19 monoclonal antibody. We now report a major step toward eliminating the need to generate patient-specific T cells by generating universal allogeneic TAA-specific T cells from one donor that might be administered to multiple recipients. This was achieved by genetically editing CD19-specific CAR+ T cells to eliminate expression of the endogenous αβ T-cell receptor (TCR) to prevent a graft-versus-host response without compromising CAR-dependent effector functions. Genetically modified T cells were generated using the Sleeping Beauty system to stably introduce the CD19-specific CAR with subsequent permanent deletion of α or β TCR chains with designer zinc finger nucleases. We show that these engineered T cells display the expected property of having redirected specificity for CD19 without responding to TCR stimulation. CAR+TCRneg T cells of this type may potentially have efficacy as an off-the-shelf therapy for investigational treatment of B-lineage malignancies. © 2012 by The American Society of Hematology. Source
Greco R.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
Bondanza A.,Experimental Hematology Unit |
Vago L.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
Moiola L.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute |
And 18 more authors.
Annals of Neurology | Year: 2014
Neuromyelitis optica is a rare neurological autoimmune disorder characterized by a poor prognosis. Immunosuppression can halt disease progression, but some patients are refractory to multiple treatments, experiencing frequent relapses with accumulating disability. Here we report on durable clinical remissions after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 2 patients suffering from severe forms of the disease. Immunological data evidenced disappearance of the pathogenic antibodies and regeneration of a naive immune system of donor origin. These findings correlated with evident clinical and radiological improvement in both patients, warranting extended clinical trials to investigate this promising therapeutic option. ANN NEUROL 2014;75:447-453 © 2014 Child Neurology Society/American Neurological Association. Source
Cattoglio C.,Italian Institute of Technology |
Maruggi G.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia |
Bartholomae C.,German Cancer Research Center |
Malani N.,University of Pennsylvania |
And 12 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010
The infusion of donor lymphocytes transduced with a retroviral vector expressing the HSV-TK suicide gene in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for leukemia/lymphoma promotes immune reconstitution and prevents infections and graft-versus-host disease. Analysis of the clonal dynamics of genetically modified lymphocytes in vivo is of crucial importance to understand the potential genotoxic risk of this therapeutic approach. We used linear amplification-mediated PCR and pyrosequencing to build a genome-wide, high-definition map of retroviral integration sites in the genome of peripheral blood T cells from two different donors and used gene expression profiling and bioinformatics to associate integration clusters to transcriptional activity and to genetic and epigenetic features of the T cell genome. Comparison with matched random controls and with integrations obtained from CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells showed that integration clusters occur within chromatin regions bearing epigenetic marks associated with active promoters and regulatory elements in a cell-specific fashion. Analysis of integration sites in T cells obtained ex vivo two months after infusion showed no evidence of integration-related clonal expansion or dominance, but rather loss of cells harboring integration events interfering with RNA post-transcriptional processing. The study shows that high-definition maps of retroviral integration sites are a powerful tool to analyze the fate of genetically modified T cells in patients and the biological consequences of retroviral transduction. © 2010 Cattoglio et al. Source
Cieri N.,Vita-Salute San Raffaele University |
Cieri N.,Experimental Hematology Unit |
Camisa B.,Experimental Hematology Unit |
Cocchiarella F.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia |
And 15 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2013
Long-living memory stem T cells (TSCM) with the ability to self-renew and the plasticity to differentiate into potent effectors could be valuable weapons in adoptive T-cell therapy against cancer. Nonetheless, procedures to specifically target this T-cell population remain elusive. Here, we show that it is possible to differentiate in vitro, expand, and gene modify in clinically compliant conditions CD8+ TSCM lymphocytes starting from naive precursors. Requirements for the generation of this T-cell subset, described as CD62L+CCR7+CD45RA+CD45R0+IL-7Rα+CD95+, are CD3/ CD28 engagement and culture with IL-7 and IL-15. Accordingly, TSCM accumulates early after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The gene expression signature and functional phenotype define this population as a distinct memory T-lymphocyte subset, intermediate between naive and central memory cells. When transplanted in immunodeficient mice, gene-modified naive-derived TSCM prove superior to other memory lymphocytes for the ability to expand and differentiate into effectors able to mediate a potent xenogeneic GVHD. Furthermore, gene-modified TSCM are the only T-cell subset able to expand and mediate GVHD on serial transplantation, suggesting self-renewal capacity in a clinically relevant setting. These findings provide novel insights into the origin and requirements for TSCM generation and pave the way for their clinical rapid exploitation in adoptive cell therapy. © 2013 by The American Society of Hematology. Source