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Labovsky V.,Experimental Biology and Medicine Institute | Martinez L.M.,Experimental Biology and Medicine Institute | Davies K.M.,Italian Hospital | Garcia-Rivello H.,Italian Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Breast Cancer | Year: 2015

Background Despite advances in the study of breast cancer (BC), it remains the second leading cause of mortality among women. BC is a heterogeneous system, mainly composed of tumor epithelial cells (TEpCs) and stromal cells (SCs); the interaction through the ligands and their receptors (Rs) plays a major role in BC progression. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between ligands, such as osteoprotegerin, tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1, interleukin (IL)-6, macrophage colony stimulating factor, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand-2 (CCL-2), and their Rs in TEpC and spindle-shaped SCs not closely associated with the vasculature.Patients and Methods We studied the expression of all those factors in 63 primary tumors of untreated patients with BC with infiltrative ductal carcinoma (I/II stage) and 10 non-neoplastic tissues. The percentage of positive cells and the staining intensity were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Mann-Whitney test and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient were used (P ≤.05).Results We found a significant association between the expression of RANKL, IL-6, SDF-1, and CCL-2 in TEpC and the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK), IL-6R, C-X-C chemokine R type 4, and chemokine (C-C motif) R-2 (CCR-2) in spindle-shaped SC. The expression of TRAIL, RANKL, and CCL-2 in spindle-shaped SC also was associated with the expression of TRAIL-receptor 1, TRAIL-receptor 4, RANK, and CCR-2 in TEpC.Conclusions Because the described ligands and Rs are implicated in BC progression, our results suggest that these factors could be involved in the crosstalk between TEpC and SC in the early stages of BC. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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