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Jung J.-K.,Seoul National University | Jung J.-K.,Research Institute and Experiment | Park S.-W.,Seoul National University | Liu W.Y.,Seoul National University | Kang B.-C.,Seoul National University

Molecular markers based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are abundant and evenly distributed in a whole genome enough to distinguish individuals in a population. In recent years, sets of SNP markers have been designed and applied for cultivar identification in various crop species. This paper is the first to report the development of a panel of SNP markers for variety identification in peppers. We used conserved ortholog set II (COSII) markers developed from conserved unigenes between tomato and Arabidopsis to identify SNPs in peppers. We tested 438 COSII primer sets amplified as single PCR products out of a total 600 COSII primer sets. Among the 438 COSII primers, 170 primer sets (38.8%) showed polymorphisms between Capsicum annuum 'RNaky (RN)'and C. chinense 'PI 159234 (234)'. In contrast, only 48 primer sets (11.0%) out of 438 primers sets were polymorphic between C. annuum 'Perennial (PER), and 'Dempsey (DEMP)'. The average frequency of SNPs plus InDels between C. annuum and C. chinense was 1/189 bp and between C. annuum spp. was 1/948 bp. Primer sets showing SNP between C. annuum PER and DEMP were re-designed to Allele Specific PCR (AS-PCR) primers and we finally selected a total of 40 SNP markers for cultivar identification. As the result, we were able to discriminate 97.5% of the 81 commercial hot cultivars and 100% of the 17 sweet pepper cultivars. We conclude the paper by discussing the use of the SNP marker set for cultivar identification and other applications. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Park S.-W.,Seoul National University | Jung J.-K.,Research Institute and Experiment | Choi E.-A.,Seoul National University | Kwon J.-K.,Seoul National University | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Breeding

To facilitate marker-assisted breeding and analysis of the structure and/or organization of Capsicum (pepper) genomes, this study utilized expressed sequence tags (ESTs) to develop single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. Three different types of PCR-based markers derived from pepper ESTs were developed: intron-based polymorphic markers (IBPs), conserved ortholog sets (COSIIs), and eSNPs (EST–SNPs). For scanning and detection of SNPs, high-resolution melting analysis was performed and the resultant markers were used for linkage analysis. A total of 512 markers, comprising 214 IBP, 143 COSII, 48 eSNP, and 107 previously reported markers, were mapped on 12 linkage groups (LGs) of the “AC99” F2 population. This newly constructed interspecific map (AC2) covered 2,335.6 cM with an average marker interval distance of 4.5 cM and was aligned directly with another interspecific map (AF) for validation. Most LGs showed collinear relationships, except for the alignment of chromosomes 1 and 8 of the AC2 map to LG P1 of the AF map. Using our newly developed SNP markers, we generated chromosome-specific markers, and the previously predicted reciprocal translocation event between chromosomes 1 and 8 was revealed between wild and cultivated Capsicum by fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis. The results from this study will promote subsequent evolutionary studies of Capsicum species. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

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