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A method for extracting nucleic acids from a biological sample by isolating nucleic acid-containing particles from the biological sample by one or more centrifugation procedures, performing one or more steps to mitigate adverse factors that prevent or might prevent high quality nucleic acid extraction, and extracting nucleic acids from the isolated particles. The centrifugation procedures are performed at a speed not exceeding about 200,000 g. The extracted nucleic acids contain both 18S and 28S rRNA.


Patent
Exosome Diagnostics | Date: 2013-08-30

The present invention features a method and kit for isolating microvesicles or extracting microvesicle nucleic acids from a biological sample by using a control particle. The present invention provides control particles that are viruses or virus-like particles, such as bacteriophages, that contain control nucleic acids that can be detected to assess the accuracy, reliability, and efficiency of the microvesicle isolation or nucleic acid extraction steps. The methods described herein may further comprise the analysis of the presence, absence, or level of at least one biomarker associated with a disease or medical condition for diagnosing, prognosing, or monitoring the disease or medical condition.


The invention provides a novel method for detecting the presence or absence of one or more transfer RNAs (tRNAs) contained in microvesicles from a subject. The invention also provides a novel method for detecting the presence or absence of one or more human endogenous retrovirus elements (HERV) in microvesicles from a subject. The methods disclosed is directed to aiding diagnosis, prognosis, minotring and evaluation of a disease or other medical condition in a subject.


The present invention discloses methods for diagnosing or prognosing a disease or medical condition in a subject by detecting the presence or absence of BRAF mutant nucleic acids from nucleic acids extracted from microvesicles from a biological sample. The present invention also discloses methods for assessing the responsiveness or determining a treatment regimen for a subject in need thereof by detecting the presence or absence of BRAF mutant nucleic acids from nucleic acids extracted from microvesicles from a biological sample. Methods for isolating microvesicles and extracting DNA and/or RNA from the microvesicles are also described.


Patent
Exosome Diagnostics | Date: 2014-01-03

The invention provides novel methods for isolating microvesicles from a biological sample and for extracting nucleic acids from the microvesicles.


Patent
Exosome Diagnostics | Date: 2016-04-26

Methods for extracting high quality nucleic acids from a heterogenous collection of nucleic acid-containing materials from a biological sample are disclosed. The heterogenous collection of nucleic-acid containing materials may contain cells or microvesicles, or both. The extractions obtained by the methods described herein are characterized by high yield and high integrity, making the extracted nucleic acids useful for various applications in which high quality nucleic acid extractions are preferred, e.g., a diagnosis, prognosis, or therapy evaluation for a medical condition.


Patent
Exosome Diagnostics | Date: 2012-05-11

Methods for extracting high quality nucleic acids from a heterogenous collection of nucleic acid-containing materials from a biological sample are disclosed. The heterogenous collection of nucleic-acid containing materials may contain cells or microvesicles, or both. The extractions obtained by the methods described herein are characterized by high yield and high integrity, making the extracted nucleic acids useful for various applications in which high quality nucleic acid extractions are preferred, e.g., a diagnosis, prognosis, or therapy evaluation for a medical condition.


The present invention relates generally to the field of biomarker analysis, particularly determining gene expression signatures from urine samples. The disclosure provides compositions, kits and methods for diagnosing a prostate disorder such as prostate cancer in a male subject.


Patent
Exosome Diagnostics | Date: 2014-10-07

A method for detecting biomarkers of prostate cancer or other medical condition of the prostate based on the use of microvesicles obtained from urine samples, and the nucleic acids present in the microvesicles. The method disclosed herein are advantageous in that they may be used to support diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring, or therapy selection in lieu of or in conjunction with traditional biopsy-based diagnostics and do not require a digital rectal examination or prostate massage prior to urine sample collection.


Patent
Exosome Diagnostics | Date: 2014-02-14

The present invention features a novel EGFR variant, EGFRvVI, and methods for detecting the novel EGFR variant. The novel EGFR variant is preferentially expressed in some cancers. Methods for detecting EGFRvVI may aid in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutic assessment of a subject.

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