Chandler, AZ, United States

Everspin Technologies

www.everspin.com
Chandler, AZ, United States

Everspin Technologies is a private semiconductor company that develops and manufactures magnetic RAM or Magnetoresistive Random Access Memory , including stand-alone and embedded MRAM products. Wikipedia.


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Patent
Everspin Technologies | Date: 2017-03-29

A dual tunnel barrier magnetic element has a free magnetic layer positioned between first and second tunnel barriers and an electrode over the second tunnel barrier. A two step etch process allows for forming an encapsulation material on a side wall of the electrode and the second tunnel barrier subsequent to the first etch for preventing damage to the first tunnel barrier when performing the second etch to remove a portion of the free layer.


Patent
Everspin Technologies | Date: 2017-01-14

Memory cells in a spin-torque magnetic random access memory (MRAM) include at least two magnetic tunnel junctions within each memory cell, where each memory cell only stores a single data bit of information. Access circuitry coupled to the memory cells are able to read from and write to a memory cell even when one of the magnetic tunnel junctions within the memory cell is defective and is no longer functional. Self-referenced and referenced reads can be used in conjunction with the multiple magnetic tunnel junction memory cells. In some embodiments, writing to the memory cell forces all magnetic tunnel junctions into a known state, whereas in other embodiments, a subset of the magnetic tunnel junctions are forced to a known state.


Patent
Everspin Technologies | Date: 2017-01-06

A magnetoresistive element (e.g., a spin-torque magnetoresistive memory element) includes a fixed magnetic layer, a free magnetic layer, having a high-iron alloy interface region located along a surface of the free magnetic layer, wherein the high-iron alloy interface region has at least 50% iron by atomic composition, and a first dielectric, disposed between the fixed magnetic layer and the free magnetic layer. The magnetoresistive element further includes a second dielectric, having a first surface that is in contact with the surface of the free magnetic layer, and an electrode, disposed between the second dielectric and a conductor. The electrode includes: (i) a non-ferromagnetic portion having a surface that is in contact with a second surface of the second dielectric, and (ii) a second portion having at least one ferromagnetic material disposed between the non-ferromagnetic portion of the electrode and the conductor.


A magnetoresistive structure having two dielectric layers, and method of manufacturing same, includes a free magnetic layer positioned between the two dielectric layers. The method of manufacture comprises at least two etch processes and at least one encapsulation process interposed therebetween wherein the encapsulation is formed on sidewalls of the partially formed magnetoresistive stack between etch processes.


A chopping technique, and associated structure, is implemented to cancel the magnetic 1/f noise contribution in a Tunneling Magnetoresistance (TMR) field sensor. The TMR field sensor comprises a first bridge circuit including multiple TMR elements to sense a magnetic field and a second circuit to apply a bipolar current pulse adjacent to each TMR element. The current lines are serially or sequentially connected to a field source to receive the bipolar current pulse. The field sensor has an output comprising a high output and a low output in response to the bipolar pulse. This asymmetric response allows a chopping technique for 1/f noise reduction in the field sensor.


Patent
Everspin Technologies | Date: 2017-03-22

Structures and methods are disclosed for shielding magnetically sensitive components. One structure includes a substrate, a bottom shield deposited on the substrate, a magnetoresistive semiconductor device having a first surface and a second surface opposing the first surface, the first surface of the magnetoresistive semiconductor device deposited on the bottom shield, a top shield deposited on the second surface of the magnetoresistive semiconductor device, the top shield having a window for accessing the magnetoresistive semiconductor device, and a plurality of interconnects that connect the magnetoresistive semiconductor device to a plurality of conductive elements.


In a spin-torque magnetic random access memory (MRAM) that includes local source lines, auto-booting of the word line is used to reduce power consumption by reusing charge already present from driving a plurality of bit lines during writing operations. Auto-booting is accomplished by first driving the word line to a first word line voltage. After such driving, the word line isolated. Subsequent driving of the plurality of bit lines that are capacitively coupled to the word line causes the word line voltage to be increased to a level desired to allow sufficient current to flow through a selected memory cell to write information into the selected memory cell. Additional embodiments include the use of a supplemental voltage provider that is able to further boost or hold the isolated word line at the needed voltage level.


A magnetoresistive stack/structure and method of manufacturing same comprising wherein the stack/structure includes a seed region, a fixed magnetic region disposed on and in contact with the seed region, a dielectric layer(s) disposed on the fixed magnetic region and a free magnetic region disposed on the dielectric layer(s). In one embodiment, the seed region comprises an alloy including nickel and chromium having (i) a thickness greater than or equal to 40 Angstroms (+/10%) and less than or equal to 60 Angstroms (+/10%), and (ii) a material composition or content of chromium within a range of 25-60 atomic percent (+/10%) or 30-50 atomic percent (+/10%).


Patent
Everspin Technologies | Date: 2017-06-28

Memory cells in a spin-torque magnetic random access memory (MRAM) include at least two magnetic tunnel junctions within each memory cell, where each memory cell only stores a single data bit of information. Access circuitry coupled to the memory cells are able to read from and write to a memory cell even when one of the magnetic tunnel junctions within the memory cell is defective and is no longer functional. Self-referenced and referenced reads can be used in conjunction with the multiple magnetic tunnel junction memory cells. In some embodiments, writing to the memory cell forces all magnetic tunnel junctions into a known state, whereas in other embodiments, a subset of the magnetic tunnel junctions are forced to a known state.


Patent
Everspin Technologies | Date: 2017-08-02

In some examples, a memory device includes memory arrays configured to store pages of data organized into multiple ECC words. The memory device also includes at least one input/output pad for each ECC word associated with a page, such that a first level of error correction may be performed by the memory device on each of the ECC words associated with a page and a second level of error correction may be perform. ed on the data output by each of the input/output pads during a particular period of time. Each of the one or more input/output pads of the memory device may be configured to provide only one bit of data per ECC word to an external source during an access from an external source.

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