Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Evangelical University in Africa

Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
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Ndjadi S.S.,Evangelical University in Africa | Mirindi B.M.,Evangelical University in Africa | Musafiri P.,Kenyatta University | Basimine G.C.,Evangelical University in Africa | And 2 more authors.
Field Actions Science Report | Year: 2016

Due to high demand for food resources as a result of increasing population, the promotion of large-scale crops such as wheat has become essential. Unfortunately, soil infertility and a lack of improved seed are major constraints on the expansion of this crop in Kaziba, a mountainous rural area in South Kivu. The productivity of seven wheat varieties (Farari, Kayira, Kima, Lokale, Mbega, Nyumbu and Popo) was evaluated under organic and mineral fertilizer during the 2013-2014 crop season on poor soil in South Kivu (DR Congo). NPK 17-17-17, farmyard manure and their combination were applied as fertilizers in a split-plot trial design with three replications. The observations focused on the growth and yield parameters, and the results revealed differences between varieties, treatments and interactions. The NPK + farmyard manure treatment gave the highest mean yield (1317.2 kg), Kayira was the most productive variety (1584.2 kg), and the interaction Kayira X farmyard manure was the most effective (2874.9 kg). The variety Kayira would seem to be indicated, with farmyard manure as the recommended fertilizer, being locally accessible and easily usable for promoting wheat in the region. © 2016, Institut Veolia Environnement. All rights reserved.

Kulimushi P.Z.,University of Liège | Kulimushi P.Z.,Evangelical University in Africa | Basime G.C.,Evangelical University in Africa | Nachigera G.M.,Evangelical University in Africa | And 2 more authors.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2017

In the province of South Kivu (Democratic Republic of Congo), warm and humid climatic conditions favor the development and spreading of phytopathogens. The resulting diseases cause important losses in production both in crop and after harvest. In this study, we wanted to evaluate the potential of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as biocontrol agent to fight some newly isolated endemic fungal pathogens infesting maize. The strain S499 has been selected based on its high in vitro antagonistic activity correlating with a huge potential to secrete fungitoxic lipopeptides upon feeding on maize root exudates. Biocontrol activity of S499 was further tested on infected plantlets in growth chamber and on plants grown under field conditions over an entire cropping period. We observed a strong protective effect of this strain evaluated at two different locations with specific agro-ecological conditions. Interestingly, disease protection was associated with higher yields and our data strongly suggest that, in addition to directly inhibit pathogens, the strain may also act as biofertilizer through the solubilization of phosphorus and/or by producing plant growth hormones in the rhizosphere. This work supports the hope of exploiting such technologically advantageous bacilli for the sake of sustainable local production of this important crop in central Africa. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Kulimushi P.Z.,University of Liège | Kulimushi P.Z.,Evangelical University in Africa | Arias A.A.,University of Liège | Franzil L.,University of Liège | And 2 more authors.
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2017

Most isolates belonging to the Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum clade retain the potential to produce a vast array of structurally diverse antimicrobial compounds that largely contribute to their efficacy as biocontrol agents against numerous plant fungal pathogens. In that context, the role of cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) has been well-documented but still little is known about the impact of interactions with other soil-inhabiting microbes on the expression of these molecules. In this work, we wanted to investigate the antagonistic activity developed by this bacterium against Rhizomucor variabilis, a pathogen isolated from diseased maize cobs in Democratic Republic of Congo. Our data show that fengycins are the major compounds involved in the inhibitory activity but also that production of this type of CLP is significantly upregulated when co-cultured with the fungus compared to pure cultures. B. amyloliquefaciens is thus able to perceive fungal molecules that are emitted and, as a response, up-regulates the biosynthesis of some specific components of its antimicrobial arsenal. © 2017 Zihalirwa Kulimushi, Argüelles Arias, Franzil, Steels and Ongena.

The objective of the study was to evaluate the yield increase of P969 and HK51 strains of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq.) P. Kumm. by combining different local substrates with additives. The research took place in the ecological conditions of Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The trial was established according to a split plot design with 3 factors: substrate type (bean vines and banana leaves), additive type (rice bran and cow dung); and additive doses (0, 5, 10 and 15%). The results showed that the bean vines substrates are more productive in terms of sporophore weight. The supplementation of the dung additives on bean vines allowed the increase in output as well as the supplementation of rice bran on banana leaves. However, beyond a 10% supplementation rate of rice bran on bean vines the yield falls, and becomes lower than the control without additive. It has been observed that the choice of additive type and additive doses to be used may be influenced by the substrate nature in the production of P. ostreatus.

Mugumaarhahama Y.,Evangelical University in Africa | Ayagirwe R.B.B.,Evangelical University in Africa | Mutwedu V.B.,Evangelical University in Africa | Sadiki J.M.,Evangelical University in Africa | And 3 more authors.
Livestock Research for Rural Development | Year: 2016

This work describes local chicken’s production systems and their constraint and opportunities in low and high land of South-Kivu province in the eastern of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Survey was conducted on 304 chief of households using a structured questionnaire and participatory interviews. This investigation showed that in the lowland, chicken production system is under men control (68.4% of 150) while in highland it is under women control (79.7% of 154). These breeders are married (91.5%), aged of 37.9 ± 10.6 years, mostly having stopped their study at primary school level (42%) and exerting agriculture as main activity (74.8%). Chicken is the principal specie bred with on average 9.7 ± 7.3 heads per household and are local breed (92.5%), raised in divagation (95.7%) with no reproduction control by the breeder (95.7%). Main reason of local chicken production is income generation for household subsistence (42.3%) and their diet is essentially made of the bunch and kitchen scraps (55.1%). These chickens are weaned at 3.6 ± 1.9 months and while used in breeding at 7.6 ± 0.6 months. Each female has 2.7 ± 1.9 laying cycles per year for a period of 18.1 ± 5.5 days giving 14.1 ± 5.4 eggs per female and per cycle. Among them 9.8 ± 2.5 eggs will be hatched for 88.8% of hatching. Newcastle disease is the main health constraint raising twice to 3 times per year while house hygiene is the only prophylactic disease control practices used by farmers (90.8%). Improvements methods are as well proposed. © 2016, Fundacion CIPAV. All right reserved.

Mitima K.T.,Evangelical University in Africa | Ntamako S.,Panzi Hospital | Birindwa A.M.,Panzi Hospital | Mukanire N.,Panzi Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Infection in Developing Countries | Year: 2014

Methodology: Vaginal samples (n = 509) for bacteriological analysis were collected from women in Bukavu, eastern DR Congo, during their third trimester of pregnancy, along with information about age, education and socio-economic status, and medical and obstetric-gynecological history.Results: The overall GBS colonization rate was 20%. Colonization was significantly associated with low education, history of urinary infection during the pregnancy, history of premature childbirth or abortion, and HIV-positive serology, but was not significantly associated with socio-economic level or parity.Conclusions: The GBS colonization rate is similar to that found elsewhere on the continent. Further studies, with follow-up of neonates of infected mothers and evaluation of prevention/treatment strategies, are needed.Introduction: Maternal vaginal colonization by Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) has an important impact on neonatal health but has not been studied in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to determine its frequency and influencing factors. © 2014 Mitima et al.

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Wisdom is a shelter as money is a shelter, but the advantage of knowledge is this: Wisdom preserves those who have it. Ecclesiastes 7:12 Readmore

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Bienvenu sur notre galerie images: Cliquer sur une image pour l'agrandir. Assemble Gnrale du RUPA 2016 UEA-ESRI Summer School Camp 2015 Formation en Environnement et Gestion durable des Ressources Naturelles (Phase II) Formation en Environnement et Gestion durable des Ressources Naturelles Projet Mumosho (Octobre 2014) Inauguration Officielle du Campus Ruhigita (Aot 2014) Summer School 2014

Evangelical University in Africa | Entity website

Prsentation de la Facult d'Agronomie et Environnement Cette facult a pour entre autres objectifs de : - Former des ingnieurs agronomes ayant des aptitudes qui font face aux problmes des domaines connexes leur profession et rpondre aux attentes de leur milieu; - Dvelopper les capacits d'analyse du milieu et les aptitudes de communication; - Accrotre les comptences de gestion des ressources naturelles et des terrains; - Contribuer la vulgarisation agricole et la gestion raisonnable de l'environnement. Cette facult dtient deux laboratoires, dont la pdologie et le systme dinformation gographique (SIG) ...

Evangelical University in Africa | Entity website

Le bureau dinscription de l'Universit Evanglique en Afrique (UEA) est heureux dannoncer tous les nouveaux tudiants quil met leur disposition, partir de lanne acadmique 2016-2017, une possibilit de sinscrire en ligne. Tous les tudiants sont tenus de faire l'enregistrement en ligne et dans le dlai prescrit ...

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