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Milano, Italy

Crocetti E.,Clinical and Descriptive Epidemiology Unit | Trama A.,Evaluative Epidemiology | Stiller C.,University of Oxford | Caldarella A.,Clinical and Descriptive Epidemiology Unit | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2012

To the central nervous system (CNS) belong a heterogeneous group of glial and non glial rare cancers. The aim of the present study was to estimate the burden (incidence, prevalence, survival and proportion of cured) for the principal CNS cancers in Europe (EU27) and in European regions using population-based data from cancer registries participating in the RARECARE project. We analysed 44,947 rare CNS cancers diagnosed from 1995 to 2002 (with follow up at 31st December 2003): 86.0% astrocytic (24% low grade, 63% high grade and 13% glioma NOS), 6.4% oligodendroglial (74% low grade), 3.6% ependymal (85% low grade), 4.1% Embryonal tumours and 0.1% choroid plexus carcinoma. Incidence rates vary widely across European regions especially for astrocytic tumours ranging from 3/100,000 in Eastern Europe to 5/100,000 in United Kingdom and Ireland. Overall, about 27,700 new rare CNS cancers were estimated every year in EU27, for an annual incidence rate of 4.8 per 100,000 for astrocytic, 0.4 for oligodendroglial, 0.2 for ependymal and embryonal tumours and less than 0.1 for choroid plexus carcinoma. More than 154,000 persons with rare CNS were estimated alive (prevalent cases) in the EU at the beginning of 2008. Five-year relative survival was 14.5% for astrocytic tumours (42.6% for low grade, 4.9% for high grade and 17.5% for glioma NOS), 54.5% for oligodendroglial (64.9% high grade and 29.6% low grade), 74.2% for ependymal (80.4% low grade and 36.6% high grade), 62.8% for choroid plexus carcinomas and 56.8% for embryonal tumours. Survival rates for astrocytic tumours were relatively higher in Northern and Central Europe than in Eastern Europe and in UK and Ireland. The different availability of diagnostic imaging techniques and/or radiation therapy equipment across Europe may contribute to explain the reported survival differences. The estimated proportion of cured patients was 7.9% for the 'glial' group to which belong astrocytic tumours. Overall results are strongly influenced by astrocytic tumours that are the most common type. This is the first study to delineate the rare CNS cancer burden in Europe by age, sex and European region. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Gatta G.,Evaluative Epidemiology | Botta L.,Evaluative Epidemiology | Sanchez M.J.,University of Granada | Sanchez M.J.,CIBER ISCIII | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Background Head and neck (H&N) cancers are a heterogeneous group of malignancies, affecting various sites, with different prognoses. The aims of this study are to analyse survival for patients with H&N cancers in relation to tumour location, to assess the change in survival between European countries, and to investigate whether survival improved over time. Methods We analysed about 250,000 H&N cancer cases from 86 cancer registries (CRs). Relative survival (RS) was estimated by sex, age, country and stage. We described survival time trends over 1999-2007, using the period approach. Model based survival estimates of relative excess risks (RERs) of death were also provided by country, after adjusting for sex, age and sub-site. Results Five-year RS was the poorest for hypopharynx (25%) and the highest for larynx (59%). Outcome was significantly better in female than in male patients. In Europe, age-standardised 5-year survival remained stable from 1999-2001 to 2005-2007 for laryngeal cancer, while it increased for all the other H&N cancers. Five-year age-standardised RS was low in Eastern countries, 47% for larynx and 28% for all the other H&N cancers combined, and high in Ireland and the United Kingdom (UK), and Northern Europe (62% and 46%). Adjustment for sub-site narrowed the difference between countries. Fifty-four percent of patients was diagnosed at advanced stage (regional or metastatic). Five-year RS for localised cases ranged between 42% (hypopharynx) and 74% (larynx). Conclusions This study shows survival progresses during the study period. However, slightly more than half of patients were diagnosed with regional or metastatic disease at diagnosis. Early diagnosis and timely start of treatment are crucial to reduce the European gap to further improve H&N cancers outcome. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.All rights reserved. Source


Zigon G.,Evaluative Epidemiology | Berrino F.,Evaluative Epidemiology | Gatta G.,Evaluative Epidemiology | Sanchez M.-J.,CIBER ISCIII | And 4 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2011

Background: Head and neck cancers are a heterogeneous group of malignancies, affecting various sites and subsites, with differing prognoses. The aim of this study was to analyse survival for European head and neck cancer patients in populations covered by population-based cancer registries (CRs), in relation to tumour subsite as prognostic factor. Patients and methods: We analysed 51 912 adult head and neck cancer cases (36 322 mouth-pharynx and 15 590 larynx) diagnosed from 1995 to 1999 and archived by 45 CRs in 20 countries participating in EUROCARE-4. Five-year age-standardised relative survival was estimated for mouth-pharynx and larynx sites by sex and country. Relative survival was modelled to provide estimates of relative excess risks (RERs) of death by country, adjusted for confounding factors. Results: A large but site-variable proportion of tumours were incompletely specified. Five-year age-standardised relative survival was low in Slovakia and high in The Netherlands. Adjustment for subsite reduced RERs of death for most countries; 5-year relative survival increased from 1990-1994 to 1995-1999 for all subsites, while betweencountry differences in survival narrowed. Conclusion: Differences in subsite distribution explain a considerable part of the survival differences for head and neck cancers, however, incomplete/inaccurate subsite reporting complicate interpretation. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source


Gavin A.T.,Queens University of Belfast | Francisci S.,Centro Nazionale Of Epidemiologia | Foschi R.,Evaluative Epidemiology | Donnelly D.W.,Queens University of Belfast | And 3 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2012

Oesophageal cancer survival is poor with variation across Europe. No pan-European studies of survival differences by oesophageal cancer subtype exist. This study investigates rates and trends in oesophageal cancer survival across Europe. Data for primary malignant oesophageal cancer diagnosed in 1995-1999 and followed up to the end of 2003 was obtained from 66 cancer registries in 24 European countries. Relative survival was calculated using the Hakulinen approach. Staging data were available from 19 registries. Survival by region, gender, age, morphology and stage was investigated. Cohort analysis and the period approach were applied to investigate survival trends from 1988 to 2002 for 31 registries in 17 countries. In total 51,499 cases of oesophageal cancer diagnosed 1995-1999 were analysed. Overall, European 1- and 5-year survival rates were 33.4% (95% CI 32.9-33.9%) and 9.8% (95% CI 9.4-10.1%), respectively. Males, older patients and patients with late stage disease had poorer 1- and 5-year relative survival. Patients with squamous cell carcinoma had poorer 1-year relative survival. Regional variation in survival was observed with Central Europe above and Eastern Europe below the European pool. Survival for distant stage disease was similar across Europe while survival rates for localised disease were below the European pool in Eastern and Southern Europe. Improvement in European 1-year relative survival was reported (p=0.016). Oesophageal cancer survival was poor across Europe. Persistent regional variations in 1-year survival point to a need for a high resolution study of diagnostic and treatment practices of oesophageal cancer. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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