European University of Portugal
European University of Portugal
Araujo J.,European University of Portugal |
Pestana G.,INOV INESC Inovacao
International Journal of Information Management | Year: 2017
Employees are the human capital that contributes to the success of high-performance and sustainable organizations. In the digital economy, organizations need to be competitive and differentiate them self through the knowledge they detained. This requires the adoption of innovative solutions that valorize and recognize workers who invest their time to keep up-to-date with areas of knowledge that are relevant to the organization. Indeed, organizations are investing in retaining skilled workers, in particular senior workers whose knowledge and experience are a valuable asset that should be passed to younger co-workers. One way to address these concerns is to create conditions to promote a feeling of employee's wellness in their work environment.In this paper, the two perception of well-being at the workplace (i.e. physical and social) are combined with gamification techniques and analyzed how it might help employees to acquire the expertise ("soft and hard-skills") they need to improve their curriculum. This is particularly relevant for older adults to whom the feeling of fulfilment and recognition is much appreciated. The case study relates to the Active@Work project. The proposed solution incorporates an "intelligent behavior" to keep the user aware of their well-being status, triggering notifications to mitigate the risk of fatigue or stress at work. The solution also provides support for workers to engage in new and rewarding activities, where his/her knowledge and experience is considered as a relevant contribution, promoting in this way employee recognition and social well-being at the workplace. Team management and tutoring of younger co-workers by older adults will be, together with a Skill Development Tool, some of the innovative features within the project. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
Brito Barros R.M.,European University of Portugal
International Journal of Healthcare Management | Year: 2017
This work aims analysing the performance of Portuguese health regional administrations by monitoring three financial variables during the adjustment that followed the European sovereign debt crisis based on analysis of variance ANOVA and multivariate cluster, HCA and discriminant, LDA analyses. The variables incomes and expenses show stable trends over the period with ANOVA results pointing to separation in four groups at the 5% significance level. A different picture is drawn from the variable of matured debt to suppliers that decreases continuously in the three different groups identified in the ANOVA and subsequently confirmed by HCA and LDA. Clear distinction between the health regions was attained through LDA with proposal of a new frame among health regional administrations with those of Algarve and Alentejo becoming aggregated. The high matured debt to suppliers in the region of Lisboa points to inefficient performance and future adjustment is suggested by subdivision in two regions with independent management and transferability of good practices namely those observed in the North region. Globally, stable levels of incomes and expenses are observed, pointing to maintenance or healthcare coverage to the Portuguese population under the severe recession context. Despite the effort to decrease matured debt to suppliers during the adjustment there is a recently threatening increasing tendency observed under the left socialist coalition government that should be closely assessed to avoid return to deranged management. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Araujo J.,European University of Portugal |
Pestana G.,INOV Inesc Inovacao
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2017
Employees are the human capital which contributes to the success of high-performance and sustainable organizations. Rapidly changing work environments need innovative paradigm-changing solutions for monitoring and followingup on each employees’ professional progress, reducing the deviation between the competencies held by each employee and the core competencies required by the organization. Such gaps can become a critical risk factor and compromise the accomplishment of strategic and operational objectives. In this paper, we present a survey about the three predominant scientific areas that support this research work: Visual Analytics, Gamification and Talent Management. The Visual Analytics contributes with interactive dashboards, by providing mechanisms to assist employees’ self-awareness and presenting recommendations regarding competencies improvement, and Gamification techniques with Talent Management approaches to improve employees’ auto-regulation, enabling the acquisition and motivation for new skills and competencies. The paper also presents a domain model to dynamically provide information regarding skills development and trigger events. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.
Ferrajao P.C.,European University of Portugal
Qualitative Health Research | Year: 2017
In this study, I explored the experience of both physical and psychological chronic illnesses among a sample of Portuguese war veterans. Twenty suffered from chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; unrecovered) and 20 had remission from PTSD (recovered), and all participants suffered from a chronic physician-diagnosed medical disorder. Two semistructured interviews were conducted. Analysis of the interviews was conducted using the Thematic and Categorical Analysis. Unrecovered participants reported higher moral injury, discrepancy between pre- and postwar identity, medication side effects, and lower repertoire of coping strategies, and verbalized that treatment care plan triggers posttraumatic symptoms. Recovered participants reported stronger moral repair, sense of continuity between pre- and postwar identity, and wider repertoire of coping strategies, well-being. Veterans' adjustment to chronic physician-diagnosed medical disorders is related to the accommodation of war traumatic experiences within existing self-schemas to restore a sense of continuity between veterans' pre- and postwar identity. © SAGE Publications.
Scholten M.,European University of Portugal |
Read D.,Warwick Business School |
Sanborn A.,University of Warwick
Cognitive Science | Year: 2014
Models of intertemporal choice draw on three evaluation rules, which we compare in the restricted domain of choices between smaller sooner and larger later monetary outcomes. The hyperbolic discounting model proposes an alternative-based rule, in which options are evaluated separately. The interval discounting model proposes a hybrid rule, in which the outcomes are evaluated separately, but the delays to those outcomes are evaluated in comparison with one another. The tradeoff model proposes an attribute-based rule, in which both outcomes and delays are evaluated in comparison with one another: People consider both the intervals between the outcomes and the compensations received or paid over those intervals. We compare highly general parametric functional forms of these models by means of a Bayesian analysis, a method of analysis not previously used in intertemporal choice. We find that the hyperbolic discounting model is outperformed by the interval discounting model, which, in turn, is outperformed by the tradeoff model. Our cognitive modeling is among the first to offer quantitative evidence against the conventional view that people make intertemporal choices by discounting the value of future outcomes, and in favor of the view that they directly compare options along the time and outcome attributes. © 2014 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Viseu A.,European University of Portugal |
Viseu A.,University of Lisbon
Social Studies of Science | Year: 2015
One of the most significant shifts in science policy of the past three decades is a concern with extending scientific practice to include a role for ‘society’. Recently, this has led to legislative calls for the integration of the social sciences and humanities in publicly funded research and development initiatives. In nanotechnology – integration’s primary field site – this policy has institutionalized the practice of hiring social scientists in technical facilities. Increasingly mainstream, the workings and results of this integration mechanism remain understudied. In this article, I build upon my three-year experience as the in-house social scientist at the Cornell NanoScale Facility and the United States’ National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network to engage empirically and conceptually with this mode of governance in nanotechnology. From the vantage point of the integrated social scientist, I argue that in its current enactment, integration emerges as a particular kind of care work, with social scientists being fashioned as the main caretakers. Examining integration as a type of care practice and as a ‘matter of care’ allows me to highlight the often invisible, existential, epistemic, and affective costs of care as governance. Illuminating a framework where social scientists are called upon to observe but not disturb, to reify boundaries rather than blur them, this article serves as a word of caution against integration as a novel mode of governance that seemingly privileges situatedness, care, and entanglement, moving us toward an analytically skeptical (but not dismissive) perspective on integration. © 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.
Da Cunha J.V.,European University of Portugal |
Da Cunha J.V.,University of Aarhus
MIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems | Year: 2013
The production of performance data in organizations is often described as a functional process that managers enforce on their employees to provide leaders with accurate information about employees' work and their achievements. This study draws on a 15-month ethnography of a desk sales unit to build a dramaturgical model that explains how managers participate in the production of performance data to impress rather than inform leaders. Research on management information systems is reviewed to outline a protective specification of this model where managers participate in the production of performance data to suppress information that threatens the image they present to leaders. Ethnographic data about the production and use of performance records and performance reports in a desk sales unit is examined to induce an exploitive specification of this dramaturgical model. This specification explains how people can take advantage of the opportunities, rather than just avoid the threats that performance data presents for impression management. It also demonstrates how managers can participate in the production of performance data to create an idealized version of their accomplishments and that leaders reify these data by using them in their own attempts at impressing others. By doing so, leaders and managers turn information systems into store windows to show achievement upward instead of transparent windows to monitor compliance downward.
Martin A.,York University |
Myers N.,York University |
Viseu A.,European University of Portugal
Social Studies of Science | Year: 2015
Care is a slippery word. Any attempt to define it will be exceeded by its multivocality in everyday and scholarly use. In its enactment, care is both necessary to the fabric of biological and social existence and notorious for the problems that it raises when it is defined, legislated, measured, and evaluated. What care looks and feels like is both context-specific and perspective-dependent. Yet, this elusiveness does not mean that it lacks importance. In our engagements with the worlds that we study, construct, and inhabit, we cannot but care: care is an essential part of being a researcher and a citizen. To properly invite you into this Special Issue, then, we need to say something about what we mean when we write about care. © 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.
Sousa M.J.,European University of Portugal
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2016
This research focuses on the role of Information Technologies (IT) as a driver for creating new business. The research question is “What are the key businesses that are emerging due to IT?” The research was supported on a qualitative methodology through documental analysis and semi-structured interviews to IT Managers of organizations which represents the main economic sectors. The technologies under analysis were Internet of Things, Cloud Technology, Big Data, Mobile Technologies, and Artificial Intelligence and Robotics. A main result of this research was the new disruptive business that are emerging from the impact of this technologies on the markets. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.
Tojal C.,European University of Portugal |
Costa R.,European University of Portugal
Psycho-Oncology | Year: 2015
Objective Depression is the most common psychological disorder observed in breast cancer patients. The purposes of this study were: to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms among women with breast cancer; and examine the association of depressive symptoms and demographic and clinical variables as well as the association between mental adjustment to cancer and level of depressive symptoms. Methods A total of 150 breast-cancer-diagnosed women were recruited in an Oncology Hospital. The Beck Depression Inventory and The Mini Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale were administered. Results Most of the patients had clinically significant symptoms of depression (56.5%), and there were few women without clinically significant depressive symptoms (18.4%). Both educational level (p < .001) and marital status (p = .041) are associated with depression symptoms. More depression was associated with more helplessness/hopelessness and anxious preoccupation and less fighting spirit and cognitive avoidance. Conclusions Specific interventions for women with breast cancer should be carried out in order to enhance the mental health and resilience behaviors. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.