European University of Lefke is an institution of higher learning, located in the Northern Cyprus Nicosia District town of Lefka, overlooking Morphou Bay. Founded in 1989 by Cyprus Science Foundation, the university opened in 1990 as a member of the Balkan Universities Network, and offers 5 faculties, 5 vocational programs, 28 undergraduate programs and 11 graduate programs, which are approved by Turkey's Council of Higher Education . The main goal of the EUL is to be a top quality university according to European and international standards. The “philosophy” of the EUL is “science and education are universal in our age,” thus the EUL provides a broad range of contemporary education and is committed to maintaining international standards of excellence with all degree programmes accredited and recognized by the higher education authorities around the world.The university campus is 45 minutes from the capital Nicosia, 60 minutes from Ercan Airport and the city of Kyrenia and 80 minutes from the city of Famagusta.EUL is an international university with a population of students from 35 different countries and has distinguished and experienced academic staff from around the world. EUL offers 7 Associate, 33 Undergraduate and 12 Postgraduate programmes.The primary mission of the EUL is to have a young generation equipped to become competent, self-confident, contemporary, creative and independent individuals who are able to cope with all the challenges of the global world, thus contributing to the development of the region and international community.EUL has also signed agreements and memorandums of “understanding” with some of UK, USA, European, Asian, and Turkish universities. Besides international partnership with other universities, the University has also become a member of the various worldwide prestigious associations in the higher education sector.What does EUL offer?Modern Campus with all facilities ,Fully equipped comfortable dormitories within the university,World class education in English with the most economical tuition feesAcademic Achievement ScholarshipsDean of Students, who assists students in anything and everythingUnique Mediterranean climate, calm and safe campus, attractive history and environment, student clubs and multicultural social activities,English Preparatory School on Campus and Academic English Courses in UK,Academic staff and student exchange programs.EUL's facilities are extensive:Library that has an area of 2,500m², 240 sitting and 300,000 book capacities.The European University of Lefke gives paramount importance to the integration of appropriate information technologies and the establishment of research centres in all aspects of education. Currently EUL has 5 Research Centres.16 computerised laboratories, run by various faculties are also at students’ service.English Preparatory School, Writing Centre, Life Long Learning Centre and Student Coordination and Career Centre are all within the framework of Study Support at EUL.The Dean of Students’ Office plays an important role in maintaining and enriching a sense of community at the European University of Lefke.EUL sports complex is 4,800 m² and it accommodates: Fitness, Table Tennis, Squash, Step Aerobics, Miniature Football Fields, Tennis, Volleyball and Basketball.“EUL FUN CLUB”: there are various live and DJ performances that take place every weekend. Throughout the week, various music and dance groups of the EUL use the club for their rehearsals and practice.EUL TV StationEUL FM is a volunteer run university community radio station with close links to the Faculty of Communication science. There are about sixty students, lecturers and volunteers from the Lefke contents/27 Wikipedia.
Derogar S.,European University of Lefke
Advances in Cement Research | Year: 2017
The possible effect of zeolite on water transport kinetics, mechanical properties and durability of cement mortars is investigated in this paper. The high desorptivity of cement mortars results in rapid dewatering when they are applied in the freshly mixed wet state to absorbent substrates in masonry construction. This paper particularly focuses on the dewatering that takes place due to the interaction of wet mortar and brick substrate in the freshly mixed state and the properties of cement mortars that are significantly influenced as a consequence of this interaction in the hardened state. The transfer sorptivity, time to dewater, setting time, consistence, strength and water penetration depth, along with the effect of dewatering on these parameters, were investigated not only for mortar/substrate optimisation in masonry construction but also for improved mechanical properties. The results obtained show that the ability to manipulate water transport kinetics and hence reduce mix-water loss during dewatering by using zeolite - a natural pozzolanic replacement material - is a vital feature of cement mortars not only for enhanced mechanical properties and durability but also for sustainable production of these mortars in construction practice. © 2017, ICE Publishing. All rights reserved.
Ciftcioglu G.C.,European University of Lefke
Ecological Indicators | Year: 2017
The purpose of this study is to assess the resilience of socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS) of Lefke Region in North Cyprus in the face of disturbance factors (e.g. drought, urbanization and land abandonment) by adopting a set of indicators. The main objectives of the study include measurement of the respective resilience of the ecological, social and agricultural systems of the SEPLS by using relevant indicators. The method of the study consists of three parts: (i) conceptualization of the resilience of the SEPLS of Lefke Region to address the key systems (ecosystem, agricultural and social), their hierarchical structures, components and interrelations; (ii) development of a set of suitable resilience assessment indicators for these systems; (iii) for the development of resilience assessment indicators a participatory approach was designated to collect the relevant data. Accordingly, a multiple-choice questionnaire – consisting of 5 choices – was prepared and relevant data were collected from December 2015 to March 2016 in 12 villages through personal interviews with 106 respondents. The respondents have expressed their preferences by selecting the most suitable choice in 5 which were ordered from the lowest to the highest degree of resilience (1–5 point scale). The results of the evaluation revealed that the average values (importance) of the ecological, agricultural and social resilience are respectively 2,87 (low), 3,44 (moderate) and 2,53 (low) out of maximum 5-points. The overall resilience of the SEPLS was estimated to be low with a 2,94 magnitude. Finally, some conclusions (e.g. integrated landscape management) for strengthening the resilience of the SEPLS in Lefke Region in terms of biodiversity conservation, agricultural production and sustainable livelihood development were drawn based on the major findings of the study. It is expected that the findings and conclusions of this study can draw attention of policy makers and natural resource managers on building and strengthening the resilience of the SEPLS of Lefke Region in terms of biodiversity conservation, sustainable agricultural production and livelihood development. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Ciftcioglu G.C.,European University of Lefke
Ecosystem Services | Year: 2017
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between ecosystem services (ESs) and human well-being (HWB) in the home gardens of Lefke Region located in North Cyprus. The objectives of the study include: to examine the plant composition; to evaluate the key ESs delivered by the home gardens; to assess the contribution of ESs to HWB; and to evaluate the relationship between ESs and HWB. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, a social preference method and relevant tools (e.g. questionnaire) were used to evaluate the importance of ESs and HWB, which were expressed on a five point Likert scale. The results revealed that approximately 183 plant species are cultivated in the home gardens, which deliver 21 ESs with a perceived average relative value ranging from moderate (e.g. ‘sense of belonging’ in the cultural ESs) to very low (e.g. provisioning ESs) degree. These services mostly influence the security (a secure environment) and at least the basic material component of HWB. The results of this study can contribute to improving our understanding of the social values of ESs, their influence on HWB, and developing relevant policy responses in terms of sustainable landscape development. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Deniz Ulker E.,European University of Lefke
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences | Year: 2017
The clonal selection algorithm (CLONALG) is a nature-inspired metaheuristic algorithm that has been applied to various complex optimization problems from different fields of study. Tournament selection (TS) is a selection operator that is mainly used in genetic algorithms. In this paper, a novel improved clonal selection algorithm by using the TS operator (ICSAT) is introduced. To observe the improvement, ICSAT was first tested on selected benchmark functions and then to validate its efficiency ICSAT was applied to a microstrip coupler design problem. Although showing some disadvantages that generally exist in all modiéd algorithms, it is observed that ICSAT has a significant improvement on the performance of CLONALG and can be a good candidate for real case optimization problems. © TÜBİTAK.
Ciftcioglu G.C.,European University of Lefke
Landscape Ecology | Year: 2017
Context: Social-ecological landscapes provide essential ecosystem services (ESs) for human wellbeing (HWB). Understanding the relationship between ESs and HWB is important for relevant policy development. Within this context, the purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between ESs and HWB in the social-ecological landscapes of Lefke Region located in North Cyprus. Objectives: The objectives of the study include: to assess the relative values of ESs, their contributions to HWB, the relationship between ESs and HWB, and the major drivers of change. Methods: The method of the study comprises two parts: (i) to develop a conceptual framework for assessing the linkages between ESs and HWB and (ii) to apply a socio-cultural preference method for evaluating the relative values of ESs and HWB based on local people’s perception obtained from a questionnaire. The average relative values were estimated by using a 0–5-point Likert scale. Results: The results of the assessment revealed that the respondents perceived 20 ESs with a medium average relative value in all categories of ESs. These services contribute to 11 components of HWB from the highest (security) to the lowest (existence) degree. The relationship between the ESs and HWB changes from medium to low level in relation to several factors (e.g. culture). Several drivers (e.g. urbanization) have caused changes in the ecosystems and flow of ESs. Conclusions: The results of this study can contribute to better understanding the human-environment interaction and developing appropriate policies for sustaining ESs and their contributions to HWB in Lefke Region and elsewhere. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Kirsal Y.,European University of Lefke
2017 25th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference, SIU 2017 | Year: 2017
Today, many large usages of computer systems, cloud computing, high-performance networks and their connections through networks are available electronically and they rapidly increased. These large-scale networks are fault tolerant and require a repairmen policy for maximising Quality of Service (QoS). However, obtaining QoS of large-scale networks analytically is difficult due to the state space explosion problem. In this paper, a simple and flexible approximate analytical modelling approach is presented in order to overcome state space explosion problem of large Markov models. The mean queue length results obtained from the proposed model and Spectral expansion solution are in good agreement. It is shown that this approach can handle large state spaces. An optimisation study is also presented together with the relationship of the number of servers and number of repairmen. © 2017 IEEE.
Aydin E.,European University of Lefke
Construction and Building Materials | Year: 2017
Short wire staples, ranging from 0% to 3.5% by volume, were used to reinforce high-volume fly-ash cement paste. Previously proposed spacing equations for steel fibers and the effects of fiber volume on the physical and mechanical properties of the composites were analyzed. The volume of fiber influences physical and mechanical properties of the composites: high regression correlations (R2 > 0.8) for fiber volume were found with unit mass, spacing, and strength ratios after 28 days of curing the pastes. The concept of fiber spacing could be used with accuracy to predict basic physical and mechanical properties of these materials. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
Ademgil H.,European University of Lefke |
Haxha S.,University of Kent
Optics Communications | Year: 2012
A novel large mode area photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is proposed in this paper. Numerical investigations demonstrate that an endlessly single-mode PCF with improved large mode area can be realised by introducing higher index material in the cladding region. Here we discuss how the V-parameter and effective mode area of the PCF can be improved by manipulating the cladding region rather than the core region itself. Moreover, the influence of doping levels with respect to confinement loss, chromatic dispersion and bending loss of the proposed PCF is also investigated by employing the full-vectorial finite element method (FEM).© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Aydin E.,European University of Lefke
Construction and Building Materials | Year: 2016
The construction industry generates large amounts of greenhouse gases, which negatively impact the environment and society. International actions have increased to reduce the carbon footprint of this industry. A way to achieve this target is by promoting a sustainable construction industry e.g., by recycling bottom ash waste for producing ecological products. This paper examines the potential use of coal bottom ash residue, obtained from a brick-producing factory, in cement pastes. The physical, mechanical, and sodium sulfate test results revealed the lightweight nature of the prepared composites, which are suitable for use in brick, tile, paving stone, and controlled low-strength applications. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Murugesh V.,European University of Lefke
International Journal of Computer Mathematics | Year: 2010
A novel approach to simulate cellular neural networks (CNN) is presented in this paper. The approach, time-multiplexing simulation, is prompted by the need to simulate hardware models and test hardware implementations of CNN. For practical applications, due to hardware limitations, it is impossible to have a one-to-one mapping between the CNN hardware processors and all the pixels of the image. This simulator provides a solution by processing the input image block by block, with the number of pixels in a block being the same as the number of CNN processors in the hardware. The algorithm for implementing this simulator is presented along with popular numerical integration algorithms. Some simulation results and comparisons are also presented. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.