European University of Applied Sciences
Bruhl, Germany
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Aygun T.,European University of Applied Sciences | Oeser G.,European University of Applied Sciences
International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management | Year: 2017

Purpose: Turkish food retail in Germany fulfils social, cultural, and economic functions, but is threatened by shifts in demand and competition. The purpose of this paper is to give a holistic, interdisciplinary, and action-oriented view of the challenges and opportunities of Turkish food retail in Germany. Design/methodology/approach: Based on a qualitative study using expert interviews with 18 businesspersons from different parts of the Turkish food supply chain in Germany and a qualitative survey of 349 working Bachelor students of trade, industrial, and logistics management as well as business informatics, this paper takes a value chain approach. Findings: The main opportunities of Turkish food retail in Germany lie in increasing its efficiency, using purchasing associations and brand building, targeting well-funded German consumers, offering fluent Turkish-German customer service and shopping experiences, providing appealing shop locations, designs, and layouts, product range adjustments, and promotions. Research limitations/implications: This paper is based on a small scale qualitative study as access to Turkish food retail experts is limited. The sample was carefully selected to be a fair representation of the Turkish food supply chain. As for the consumers, only students have been surveyed so far, because they were targeted by the experts interviewed. In order to allow wider generalizations, this sample could be extended. Originality/value: This study complements and enhances the very limited research on Turkish food retail in Germany. For the first time, the call for a holistic, interdisciplinary, and action-oriented examination of the challenges and opportunities of Turkish food retail in Germany is answered from a value chain perspective. © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.

This article describes the recent results from the LIN.FORs first 10 years of research. It aims to show how traditional speech therapy assumptions e.g. treatment density, treatment frequency and age of the child at the start of therapy, can be optimized, confirmed or must be put into perspective. The goal should be to bridge the gap between research and practice and to show the benefits of research for the practice to increase and optimize the effectivity and efficiency of speech and language therapy.

Input-oriented intervention (Inputspezifi zierung) is a widely used method in the therapy of SLI. The procedure intends to frequently give specifi c information (intake), needed by the child to trigger development and helping to progress in language acquisition. The present study investigates how several factors like intensity of input or one of the two PLAN presentation modes (input sequence vs. interactive input) determine the effectiveness of intervention. The specifi c input of three therapists, each of them treating two kids from the LST-LTS-project (Lexical and Syntactic Therapy in children with disabilities and late-talker-profi le), were analyzed. The results show that input intensity has greater impact on effectiveness than the mode of presentation. Input intensity is harder to achieve with the interactive setting than input sequences. With latter method the child is exposed to the target structure in a shorter period and also with stronger intensity, indicating effi cient intervention.

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) so farprovide ambiguous and under-determined evidence concerning the effectiveness of language Intervention in children with specific language impairment (SLI). It has been claimed that an important factor impeding more conclusive reasoning is heterogeneity and non-transparency within the pool of RCTs on that matter. Inclusionary criteria, clinical objectives, Intervention methods and materials, outcome measures as well as theoretical underpinnings have not been operationalized within a coherent conceptual framework and consequently studies are largely difficult to be cross-linked. The lack of homogeneity is not surprising if one takes into account the complexity of the psycholinguistic processing Systems involved in the comprehension and production of language. SLI can be caused by a broad ränge of different deficits in using and acquiring these Systems. Consequently, the variability in the causal cognitive backgrounds needs to be considered when planning interventions. Within this paper it is discussed which models and concepts might be helpful in order to provide a theoretical framework for Intervention research with SLI-children.

This article presents theoretical considerations of "disease" in medical research and health sciences from a historical perspective including some references to "subjective theories" of patients. It asks for the impact of theses considerations on logopedics and speech-language interventions. There are just a few theoretical and empirical answers to these questions and it was concluded, that more scientific work and research on concepts of "disease" and "health" has to be done. This is needed for pinpoint interventions, adequate evaluation and a common basis for communication in health care.

Siegmuller J.,European University of Applied Sciences | Beier J.,Seitdem Ist Sie Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin Am Logopadischen Institute For Forschung
Forum Logopadie | Year: 2015

Intervention on Late Talker children is still topic of debate in Germany. First clinical guidelines are at hand and provide further debates between pediatricians and Speech-Language-Therapists. This article provides a review on known evidences of German intervention procedures as well as comments on the ongoing suppy of speech-language-therapy. We propose a model for possible guiding principles that bridge economic and scientific needs.

Gruschka N.,NEC Laboratories Europe | Iacono L.L.,European University of Applied Sciences
Proceedings - 8th IEEE European Conference on Web Services, ECOWS 2010 | Year: 2010

The W3C recommendation MTOM is the defacto standard for transferring binary data in SOAP protocol elements as attachments. The distinguished feature provided by MTOM is - compared to other SOAP attachment specifications - the efficient transfer of binary data without breaking the XML infoset. This property allows e.g. the application of XML Security mechanisms to the SOAP message including the attachment parts. The efficiency of SOAP processing, especially when SOAP messages include security primitives, is an active area of research. However, the work available on the efficient processing of secured SOAP attachments is sparse. This paper aims to close this gap and contributes a scheme to process secured MTOM attachments on the server-side in a streaming manner. The proposed approach is in conformance with the underlying standards and compatible with the major research and development activities in stream-based SOAP security processing. Evaluations based on a prototype implementation, show that the introduced scheme increases the performance by a factor of at least 2 and reduces the memory requirements for large attachments by a factor of approximately 20. © 2010 IEEE.

Jensen M.,Ruhr University Bochum | Schwenk J.,Ruhr University Bochum | Bohli J.-M.,NEC Laboratories Europe | Gruschka N.,NEC Laboratories Europe | Iacono L.L.,European University of Applied Sciences
Proceedings - 2011 IEEE 4th International Conference on Cloud Computing, CLOUD 2011 | Year: 2011

Clouds impose new security challenges, which are amongst the biggest obstacles when considering the usage of cloud services. This triggered a lot of research activities in this direction, resulting in a quantity of proposals targeting the various security threats. Besides the security issues coming with the cloud paradigm, it can also provide a new set of unique features which open the path towards novel security approaches, techniques and architectures. This paper initiates this discussion by contributing a concept which achieves security merits by making use of multiple distinct clouds at the same time. © 2011 IEEE.

Kische H.,Universitatsmedizin Greifswald | Haring R.,European University of Applied Sciences
Gynakologe | Year: 2016

Low testosterone concentrations in men are associated with a higher cardiovascular risk factor burden. Also in women, cardiovascular risk increases after menopause. The aim of this work was to analyze potential associations between androgen concentrations in women and cardiovascular risk factors, including clinical correlates and sleep, metabolic syndrome (MetS), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), as well as subclinical and clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. Data from 2000 women of the population-based, longitudinal Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) and multivariable regression models were analyzed. Cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and poor sleep quality were associated with androgen concentration. Furthermore, cross-sectional and long-term analyses yielded inverse associations between sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and MetS as well as T2DM. No independent, significant associations between androgen concentrations and incidence of CVD, CVD mortality, or all-cause mortality were detected. In this epidemiological study, clinical correlates of androgens in women and associations between androgens and sleep were identified. Associations between androgens, subclinical CVD, and mortality confirmed the relative impact of cofactors. SHBG might represent a potential biomarker for cardiovascular risk factors, especially among postmenopausal women. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Oeser G.,European University of Applied Sciences | Romano P.,University of Udine
International Journal of Production Research | Year: 2015

The Square Root Law (SRL) is a popular formula for assessing inventory levels at varying numbers of warehouses. Its popularity is probably due to its simplicity and the ample opportunities for its application to the managerial dilemma of inventory centralisation vs. decentralisation. However, researchers disagree about which parts of inventory it can be applied to and its underlying assumptions. To address these questions, this study algebraically derives the assumptions necessary for the SRL to apply to regular, safety and total stock. Afterwards, the paper empirically examines to what extent these assumptions hold in practice by analysing four case studies and data from a sample of 280 German manufacturing and trading companies. Most companies do not fulfil the assumptions of the SRL and therefore cannot apply it with accurate results. Trading companies, however, seem to fulfil more assumptions than manufacturing ones, retailers more than wholesalers, industrial goods manufacturers more than consumer goods manufacturers. Although the SRL has traditionally been mainly considered for safety stock, companies, especially trading companies, appear to rather fulfil the assumptions for applying the SRL to cycle stock. Some assumptions seem to be complementary, whereas others appear to be competing, so that it is difficult to fulfil all of them. © 2015 Taylor & Francis

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