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Giorgi G.,European University at Rome | Shoss M.K.,Saint Louis University | Leon-Perez J.M.,Iscte Instituto Universitario Of Lisbon
International Journal of Stress Management | Year: 2015

The macroeconomic context and crisis management are now becoming salient issues among employees. Low levels of fear about the economic situation and the belief that one is capable of obtaining new employment may enable individuals to maintain mental health and job satisfaction in austere times. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship of fear of the economic crisis and nonemployability with job satisfaction and psychological distress, while controlling for demographics factors, stress exposures, and high conflict perceptions. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 3 Italian organizations comprising 679 workers with a response rate of more than 60%. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that, after controlling for demographics, psychological demands, lack of job control, and workplace bullying, low perceived employability and fear of the economic crisis were positively associated with psychological distress and negatively associated with job satisfaction. As an emerging topic of study, it appears that economic stress is an important construct in the nomological network for studying organizational health. The present study complements existing stress theories by suggesting that features of the external environment are relevant and important determinants of psychological distress and job dissatisfaction. © 2015 American Psychological Association. Source

For about a century clinical observations suggested the association between dissociative symptoms and developmental trauma. Retrospective and prospective studies confirmed that dissociation is the central pathogenic process of developmental trauma. dissociative processes generate dissociative symptoms likely to dominate some clinical pictures such as dissociative disorders or Borderline personality disorder, or also surface, in different proportions, in practically all dsm-iv diagnostic categories as an index of negative outcome. this paper aims to review some crucial issues on dissociative phenomena and processes originated from traumatic experiences in childhood. the article also purposes the existence of a traumatic-dissociative psychopathological dimension, its clinical meaning and the treatment strategies to overcome the difficulties it causes during psychotherapy. © 2013 giovanni Fioriti editore s.r.l. Source

Farina B.,European University at Rome | Mazzotti E.,Dell | Pasquini P.,Dell
Journal of Trauma and Dissociation | Year: 2011

Since the 20th century, psychogenic female sexual dysfunctions (FSD), like some somatoform and conversion disorders, have been considered an expression of somatoform dissociation. Several studies have reported dissociative symptoms in different somatoform and conversion disorders, but limited data are available on dissociation among patients with FSD. The aim of this study was to assess somatoform and psychoform dissociation among patients with women's orgasmic disorder, dyspareunia, and vaginismus. A battery of self-administered questionnaires (Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire, Dissociative Experiences Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Impact of Event Scale-Revised) was given to 200 gynecological outpatients to assess psychoform and somatoform dissociation and their association with FSD. A strong association between somatoform dissociation and FSD was observed (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 5.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.15-25.32), the association between somatoform and psychoform dissociation being estimated by an adjusted OR of 4.83 (95% CI = 1.17-19.91). Our results are compatible with the idea that some forms of FSD could be regarded as somatoform dissociative disorders. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Maniglio R.,University of Salento | Innamorati M.,European University at Rome
Journal of Addictive Diseases | Year: 2014

To provide a comprehensive picture of the whole spectrum of psychosocial factors potentially associated with adolescent cannabis use, bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess a variety of social, demographic, psychological, and behavioral correlates of last-month cannabis use and age of first use among 6,838 students. Results showed that only family problems, alcohol and/or other drug use/misuse, deviant behavior, and victimization were independently associated with either recent cannabis use or early onset of cannabis use when multiple, interacting factors were considered. Certain family and behavioral factors might be more important than other psychosocial correlates of adolescent cannabis use. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Iani L.,European University at Rome | Barbaranelli C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Lombardo C.,University of Rome La Sapienza
Frontiers in Psychology | Year: 2015

Objective: The Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait (FCQ-T) is commonly used to assess habitual food cravings among individuals. Previous studies have shown that a brief version of this instrument (FCQT- r) has good reliability and validity. This article is the first to use Confirmatory factor analysis to examine the psychometric properties of the FCQ-T-r in a cross-validation study. Method: Habitual food cravings, as well as emotion regulation strategies, affective states and disordered eating behaviors, were investigated in two independent samples of non-clinical adult volunteers (Sample 1: N = 368; Sample 2: N = 246). Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to simultaneously test model fit statistics and dimensionality of the instrument. FCQ-T-r reliability was assessed by computing the composite reliability coefficient. Results: Analysis supported the unidimensional structure of the scale and fit indices were acceptable for both samples. The FCQ-T-r showed excellent reliability and moderate to high correlations with negative affect and disordered eating. Conclusions: Our results indicate that the FCQ-T-r scores can be reliably used to assess habitual cravings in an Italian non-clinical sample of adults. The robustness of these results is tested by a crossvalidation of the model using two independent samples. Further research is required to expand on these findings, particularly in children and adolescents. © 2015 Iani. Source

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