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Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 349.11K | Year: 2015

The ENHANCED project builds on the previous work by ETL and UIoS and will undertake an industrial research into the development and demonstration of a world-leading energy harvesting and wireless autonomous sensor platform technology for marine and automotive applications. The ENHANCED system will utilise novel electronics based on standard components and system design to achieve data processing and wireless data transmission, sensor monitoring and control and power management. ENHANCED will be powered using thermo-electric generators thermally driven by the vehicle or vessels waste exhaust heat. ENHANCED will be based on (and will meet the requirements of) the IEEE standard for wireless harvesters and will be interchangeable with a variety of sensors for the measurement of a variety critical control parameters. We will specifically develop energy harvesting devices that can supply sufficient power for autonomous electronics including sensors and sensor networks and demonstrate this widely to show generally applicable and robust systems.

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 149.93K | Year: 2014

The TITAN project builds on the previous development work by ETL and UoL who have developed cutting edge thermoacoustic technology to generate electrical power from waste heat. The TITAN project aims to take this knowledge and develop a product prototype to demonstrate the technical feasibility of thermoacoustic technology. In so doing the consortium will maximise the chances that the manufacture of these technologies will be undertaken within the UK. TITAN is a business-led consortium, with the marinised diesel engine sector acting as the initial route to market for the technology. The specific developments to be undertaken within the project relate to the following: 1. Development of a novel configuration of thermoacoustic device 2. Thermoacoustic and Structural Modelling to enable the design of the thermoacoustic system 3. Design and fabrication of complex heat exchanger topologies based on the modelling studies 4. Demonstration of the use of inexpensive prototype linear alternators 5. Development of feasibility of low cost regenerator material 6. Identification and adaptation of cost effective manufacturing technologies 5. Demonstration of feasibility of low cost regenerator material 6. Identification and adaptation of cost effective manufacturing technologies

Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 113.22K | Year: 2016

The potential market for Thermo-Electric technology is 56 billion, with 26bn for transportation cooling alone. Current commercial Thermo-Electrics for cooling applications are typically based on Bismuth Telluride (Bi2Te3) where the Figure of Merit, ZT peak is 1.0 @ 80oC and average ZT over Thermo-Electric Cooling (TEC) operating temperature of 0.8, limiting the maximum heat flow (Qmax) to 52.2W, the maximum temperature difference (Tmax) to 74oC and the Coefficient of Performance (CoP) of 1.46 for a typical TEC module. HUNTER will develop advanced materials solutions based on Phonon scattering through grain boundary engineering; Engineering of antisites and Metal-semiconductor interface for electron filtering to create n- and p-type Thermo-Electric BiTe alloys with average ZT1 across the effective operating temperature range. By achieving this performance, we will be able to increase TEC module efficiency so that Qmax > 57.3W, Tmax >78oC and CoP 1.94, this is beyond anything achieved previously. By achieving this we will create global USPs for TEC modules with particular application for automotive zonal cooling applications. Project Summary

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2015

The aim of CoACH (Advanced glasses, Composites And Ceramics for High growth Industries) is to offer a multidisciplinary training in the field of high-tech GLASSES, CERAMICS and COMPOSITES based on effective and proven industry-academia cooperation. Our scientific goals are to develop advanced knowledge on glass and ceramic based materials and to develop innovative, cost-competitive, and environmentally acceptable materials and processing technologies. The inter/multi-disciplinary and-sectorial characteristic is guaranteed by the presence of 5 academic partners and 10 companies having top class expertise in glass, ceramic and composite science and technology, modelling, design, characterization and commercialization. Advanced materials fall within the KEY ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES (KETs) and are themselves an emerging supra-disciplinary field; expertise on these new materials brings competitiveness in the strategic thematic areas of: HEALTH-innovative glass and composite for biomedical applications, ENERGY-innovative glass, ceramic and composite materials for energy harvesting/scavenging, solid oxide electrolysis cells and oil, gas and petrochemical industries, ICT-new glass fibre sensors embedded in smart coatings for harsh environment, ENVIRONMENT-new and low cost glass, ceramic and composite materials from waste. The originality of the research programme is to be seen in the supra-disciplinary approach to new glass- and ceramic- based materials and their applications: recruited researchers will benefit from a complete set of equipment and expertise enabling them to develop advanced knowledge in KETs and strategic thematic areas for the EU and to convert it into products for economic and social benefit. The effective research methodology used by the partners and the mutual exploitation of their complementary competences have been successfully experienced in the past in long term common research cooperation and in on-going common projects, including a Marie Curie ITN.

Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 2.92M | Year: 2014

The world around us is full of modern technology designed to make our lives safer, more comfortable and more efficient. Such technology is made possible by materials and devices that are able to interact with their surrounding environment either by sensing or acting upon it. Examples of such devices include motion detectors, fuel injectors, engine sensors and medical diagnostic tools. These interactive devices contain functional materials that can pose health hazards, are obtained from parts of the world where supply cannot be guaranteed or are relatively scarce. If access to these functional materials is restricted, many of these advances will no longer be available resulting in a reduction in living standards and decreased UK economic growth. There already exist a number of replacement materials that can provide the same functions without the same levels of concerns around safety, security of supply and sustainability. However, these replacement materials need to be manufactured using different processes compared to existing materials. This project explores new manufacturing technologies that could be used to create interactive devices that contains less harmful and sustainable materials with a secure supply. This project will focus on two types of material - thermoelectric and piezoelectric - where the replacement materials share a set of common challenges: they need to be processed at elevated temperatures; they contain elements that evaporate at high temperatures (making high temperature processing and processing of small elements difficult); they are mechanically fragile making it difficult to shape the materials by cutting, grinding or polishing; they are chemically stable making it difficult to shape them by etching; and many are air and moisture sensitive. The proposed research will address these challenges through three parallel research streams that proactively engage with industry. The first stream is composed of six manufacturing capability projects designed to develop the core manufacturing capabilities and know-how to support the programme. The second is a series of short term feasibility studies, conducted in collaboration with industry, to explore novel manufacturing concepts and evaluate their potential opportunities. Finally, the third stream will deliver focussed industrially orientated projects designed to develop specific manufacturing techniques for in an industrial manufacturing environment. The six manufacturing capability projects will address: 1) The production of functional material powders, using wet and dry controlled atmosphere techniques, needed as feedstock in the manufacture of bulk and printed functional materials. 2) How to produce functional materials while maintaining the required chemistry and microstructure to ensure high performance. Spark Plasma Sintering will be used to directly heat the materials and accelerate fusion of the individual powder particles using an electric current. 3) Printing of functional material inks to build up active devices without the need to assemble individual components. Combing industrially relevant printing processes, such as screen printing, with controlled rapid temperature treatments will create novel print manufacturing techniques capable of handling the substitute materials. 4) How to join and coat these new functional materials so that they can be assembled into a device or protected from harsh environments when in use. 5) The fitness of substituted material to be compatible with existing shaping and treatment stages found later in the manufacturing chain. 6) The need to ensure that the substitute materials do not pose an equal or greater risk within the manufacturing and product life cycle environment. Here lessons learned from comparable material systems will be used to help predict potential risks and exposures.

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