Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 2.92M | Year: 2014
The world around us is full of modern technology designed to make our lives safer, more comfortable and more efficient. Such technology is made possible by materials and devices that are able to interact with their surrounding environment either by sensing or acting upon it. Examples of such devices include motion detectors, fuel injectors, engine sensors and medical diagnostic tools. These interactive devices contain functional materials that can pose health hazards, are obtained from parts of the world where supply cannot be guaranteed or are relatively scarce. If access to these functional materials is restricted, many of these advances will no longer be available resulting in a reduction in living standards and decreased UK economic growth. There already exist a number of replacement materials that can provide the same functions without the same levels of concerns around safety, security of supply and sustainability. However, these replacement materials need to be manufactured using different processes compared to existing materials. This project explores new manufacturing technologies that could be used to create interactive devices that contains less harmful and sustainable materials with a secure supply. This project will focus on two types of material - thermoelectric and piezoelectric - where the replacement materials share a set of common challenges: they need to be processed at elevated temperatures; they contain elements that evaporate at high temperatures (making high temperature processing and processing of small elements difficult); they are mechanically fragile making it difficult to shape the materials by cutting, grinding or polishing; they are chemically stable making it difficult to shape them by etching; and many are air and moisture sensitive. The proposed research will address these challenges through three parallel research streams that proactively engage with industry. The first stream is composed of six manufacturing capability projects designed to develop the core manufacturing capabilities and know-how to support the programme. The second is a series of short term feasibility studies, conducted in collaboration with industry, to explore novel manufacturing concepts and evaluate their potential opportunities. Finally, the third stream will deliver focussed industrially orientated projects designed to develop specific manufacturing techniques for in an industrial manufacturing environment. The six manufacturing capability projects will address: 1) The production of functional material powders, using wet and dry controlled atmosphere techniques, needed as feedstock in the manufacture of bulk and printed functional materials. 2) How to produce functional materials while maintaining the required chemistry and microstructure to ensure high performance. Spark Plasma Sintering will be used to directly heat the materials and accelerate fusion of the individual powder particles using an electric current. 3) Printing of functional material inks to build up active devices without the need to assemble individual components. Combing industrially relevant printing processes, such as screen printing, with controlled rapid temperature treatments will create novel print manufacturing techniques capable of handling the substitute materials. 4) How to join and coat these new functional materials so that they can be assembled into a device or protected from harsh environments when in use. 5) The fitness of substituted material to be compatible with existing shaping and treatment stages found later in the manufacturing chain. 6) The need to ensure that the substitute materials do not pose an equal or greater risk within the manufacturing and product life cycle environment. Here lessons learned from comparable material systems will be used to help predict potential risks and exposures.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Business, Innovation & Skills Financed | Award Amount: 4.54M | Year: 2014
Within the aerospace sector, aftermarket services account for over fifty percent of revenue generated by aero engine manufacturers. Central to this is the ability to inspect and repair high unit cost components, both on-platform and in repair and overhaul facilities, in order to safely return them to operational service. With the drive towards ever-increasingly complex aero-engine architectures, highly engineered components and advanced material systems, many existing repair processes will not be capable of meeting the new aftemarket need. This project will therefore develop and demonstrate three key advanced repair technologies, including the cost-efficient high-integrity repair of blisks, on-platform repair and structural repair of composite components. These repair processes must be capable of being applied to complex geometries and accommodate component variation resulting from service operation.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: GV-4-2014 | Award Amount: 28.42M | Year: 2015
The ECOCHAMPS project addresses topic GV-4-2014, Hybrid Light and Heavy Duty Vehicles. The work will, in a single coordinated project, address all aspects of this topic and will be conducted by 26 partners representing the European automotive industry (OEMs (EUCAR), suppliers (CLEPA), ESPs and universities (EARPA)) including members of ERTRAC and EGVIA. The objective is to achieve efficient, compact, low weight, robust and cost effective hybrid powertrains for both passenger cars and commercial vehicles (buses, medium and heavy duty trucks) with increased functionality, improved performance, comfort, safety and emissions below Euro 6 or VI, all proven under real driving conditions. The five demonstrator vehicles, for this purpose developed to TRL 7, that use the hybrid powertrains will among other give a direct cost versus performance comparison at two system voltage levels in the light duty vehicles, and include the modular and standardized framework components in the heavy duty vehicles. Achieving these innovations affordably will strengthen technical leadership in powertrains, enable a leading position in hybrid technology and increases the competitiveness of European OEMs. The vehicles will be ready for market introduction between 2020 and 2022 and (price) competitive to the best in-class (full hybrid) vehicles on the market in 2013. More importantly, the technology devised will impact on the reduction of CO2 emissions and the improvement of air quality. The project proposes to reach a 20% powertrain efficiency improvement and a 20% powertrain weight and volume reduction, with a 10% cost premium on the base model for the demonstrator. To meet air quality targets the project will prove, via independently supervised testing, real driving emissions at least below Euro 6 or VI limits and by simulation show the potential of the passenger car technologies to reach Super Low Emission Vehicle standards.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-2-2014 | Award Amount: 6.67M | Year: 2015
The aim of JOSPEL project is the development of a novel energy efficient climate system for the optimization of interior temperature control management in electrical vehicles through an integrated approach that combines the application of the thermoelectric Joule and Peltier effect, the development of an efficient insulation of the vehicle interior, the energy recovery from heat zones, battery life increase duration enhancement as a side effect of thermal management, battery consumption reduction by Peltier cooling integration, innovative automated and eco-driving strategies and the electronic control of power flows. Main objective is the reduction of at least 50% of energy used for passenger comfort (<1,250 W) and at least 30% for component cooling in extreme conditions with reference to electric vehicles currently on the market.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2015
The aim of CoACH (Advanced glasses, Composites And Ceramics for High growth Industries) is to offer a multidisciplinary training in the field of high-tech GLASSES, CERAMICS and COMPOSITES based on effective and proven industry-academia cooperation. Our scientific goals are to develop advanced knowledge on glass and ceramic based materials and to develop innovative, cost-competitive, and environmentally acceptable materials and processing technologies. The inter/multi-disciplinary and -sectorial characteristic is guaranteed by the presence of 5 academic partners and 10 companies having top class expertise in glass, ceramic and composite science and technology, modelling, design, characterization and commercialization. Advanced materials fall within the KEY ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES (KETs) and are themselves an emerging supra-disciplinary field; expertise on these new materials brings competitiveness in the strategic thematic areas of: HEALTH-innovative glass and composite for biomedical applications, ENERGY-innovative glass, ceramic and composite materials for energy harvesting/scavenging, solid oxide electrolysis cells and oil, gas and petrochemical industries, ICT-new glass fibre sensors embedded in smart coatings for harsh environment, ENVIRONMENT-new and low cost glass, ceramic and composite materials from waste. The originality of the research programme is to be seen in the supra-disciplinary approach to new glass- and ceramic- based materials and their applications: recruited researchers will benefit from a complete set of equipment and expertise enabling them to develop advanced knowledge in KETs and strategic thematic areas for the EU and to convert it into products for economic and social benefit. The effective research methodology used by the partners and the mutual exploitation of their complementary competences have been successfully experienced in the past in long term common research cooperation and in on-going common projects, including a Marie Curie ITN
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 359.96K | Year: 2014
Material advances (in particular in nano-structuring) have produced a step change in the thermoelectric performance over the last 5 years which has led to some wate heat energy recovery technoloiges being commercialised within the autmotive sector. As a result, there is increased market pull and the market for these TEGs is growing considerably. However, the relatively high cost of large-scale manufacture due to labour intensive material consolidation, machining and hand assembly is hampering widespread commercialisation. It is therefore becoming clear that unless cost-effective manufacturing technologies for the production of the thermo-electric material and their integration into efficient devices are developed then mass production will be exported to low-cost economies. ELECTROTEG will address these limitations through the development of a low temperature thermoelectric electro-deposition process that will enable the commercial manufacture of fully dense nano-structured thermo-electric materials in-situ, eliminating the need for material consolidation, machining and hand assembly.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 121.14K | Year: 2016
The current climate for improved energy efficiency is driving the automotive market to seek ways of capturing waste energy from car exhausts. This will improve fuel consumption and reduce pollution while also reducing the levels of carbon dioxide emitted. Current materials for thermoelectric (TE) generators are typically based on compounds that are scarce, expensive and environmentally unsound. Other TE materials including silicides do not suffer from these drawbacks but their peak performance lies outside of the temperature range experienced within an automotive exhaust. DETERMINATION will address these limitations by applying Density Functional Theory (DFT) computational modelling to engineer the band gap of novel silicide thermoelectric materials. Model materials will be synthesised using plasma torch technology to deliver doped silicide thermoelectrics that exhibit superior ZT values that peak in the temperature range 200-450 oC.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 113.22K | Year: 2016
The potential market for Thermo-Electric technology is 56 billion, with 26bn for transportation cooling alone. Current commercial Thermo-Electrics for cooling applications are typically based on Bismuth Telluride (Bi2Te3) where the Figure of Merit, ZT peak is 1.0 @ 80oC and average ZT over Thermo-Electric Cooling (TEC) operating temperature of 0.8, limiting the maximum heat flow (Qmax) to 52.2W, the maximum temperature difference (Tmax) to 74oC and the Coefficient of Performance (CoP) of 1.46 for a typical TEC module. HUNTER will develop advanced materials solutions based on Phonon scattering through grain boundary engineering; Engineering of antisites and Metal-semiconductor interface for electron filtering to create n- and p-type Thermo-Electric BiTe alloys with average ZT1 across the effective operating temperature range. By achieving this performance, we will be able to increase TEC module efficiency so that Qmax > 57.3W, Tmax >78oC and CoP 1.94, this is beyond anything achieved previously. By achieving this we will create global USPs for TEC modules with particular application for automotive zonal cooling applications. Project Summary
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 349.11K | Year: 2015
The ENHANCED project builds on the previous work by ETL and UIoS and will undertake an industrial research into the development and demonstration of a world-leading energy harvesting and wireless autonomous sensor platform technology for marine and automotive applications. The ENHANCED system will utilise novel electronics based on standard components and system design to achieve data processing and wireless data transmission, sensor monitoring and control and power management. ENHANCED will be powered using thermo-electric generators thermally driven by the vehicle or vessels waste exhaust heat. ENHANCED will be based on (and will meet the requirements of) the IEEE standard for wireless harvesters and will be interchangeable with a variety of sensors for the measurement of a variety critical control parameters. We will specifically develop energy harvesting devices that can supply sufficient power for autonomous electronics including sensors and sensor networks and demonstrate this widely to show generally applicable and robust systems.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Feasibility Study | Award Amount: 74.95K | Year: 2015
The current climate for improved energy efficiency is driving the automotive market to seek ways of capturing waste energy from car exhausts. This will improve fuel consumption and reduce pollution while also reducing the levels of carbon dioxide emitted. Current materials for thermoelectric (TE) generators are typically based on compounds that are scarce, expensive and environmentally unsound. Other TE materials do not suffer from these drawbacks but their performance is insufficient to achieve technical and commercial viability. However, research at the University of Manchester has led to a number of innovative patent protected graphene containing materials with significantly improved thermoelectric properties over a wide range of temperatures. In collaboration with leading thermoelectric manufacturer, European Thermodynamics Limited, the GRAPHTED project will develop improved TE materials into waste heat recovery devices for automotive exhaust gas and other energy harvesting applications, significantly improving the efficiency and achieving cost-effective means to recover energy that would otherwise be lost.