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Khoffi F.,Upper Alsace University | Khoffi F.,European Research Group on Grafts Used in Vascular Surgery ERGGVS | Mathieu D.,Upper Alsace University | Mathieu D.,European Research Group on Grafts Used in Vascular Surgery ERGGVS | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Applied Biomaterials and Functional Materials

Background: Compliance mismatch between native artery and a prosthetic graft used for infrainguinal bypass is said to be a factor for graft failure. The aim of this study was to develop a technique for measuring the compliance of collagen-coated polyethylene terephthalate (PET) vascular prostheses and to analyze the influence of several key properties on the elastic behavior of the grafts. Methods: Compliance testing was performed on 3 prostheses with and without internal compliant membrane (ICM). The principle of this test was to study the dimensional changes of prostheses submitted to internal pressure from 30 to 240 mm Hg at intervals of predetermined values. Results: We demonstrated that the ICM created links with the inner surface of the crimps and considerably modified the graft behavior when submitted to internal pressure. The results showed that compliance properties were dependent on the wall thickness and the crimping geometry of textile vascular prostheses. Mechanical analysis predicts the circumferential tensile behavior of these arterial grafts and validates tests for measuring compliance. © 2014 Società Italiana Biomateriali. Source

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