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Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-01 | Award Amount: 15.89M | Year: 2013

Production of an extended climate reanalysis of the 20th century, with consistent descriptions of the global atmosphere, ocean, land-surface, cryosphere, and the carbon cycle. Production of a new reanalysis of the satellite era with near-real time data updates for climate monitoring. Research and development in various aspects of coupled data assimilation to improve the use of observations in future fully coupled earth-system reanalysis productions. Preparation of input data sets required for reanalysis, including uncertainty assessments, homogenisation, data reprocessing. Data rescue activities aimed at improving climate reanalysis capabilities, including imaging and digitisation of historic in-situ observations as well as recovery and assessment of early satellite data records. Development of data services and visualisation tools for reanalysis output products, and for the observations used to create them.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENV.2007.4.1.4.3. | Award Amount: 2.15M | Year: 2008

The DevCoCast project aims at involving Developing Countries in the GEONETCast initiative. Many Developing Countries are exposed to serious environmental risks and their need for adequate information is high. Unfortunately, reliable and continuous access to real time environmental information is often lacking. The GEONETCast concept overcomes existing telecommunication limitations and is able to provide reliable and fast access to environmental information. The DevCoCast project will 1. disseminate existing environmental added-value datasets (both in-situ and satellite based) from various sources in Africa, South- and Central America and Europe in (near) real time and at no cost via GEONETCast to a broad range of user communities in Developing Countries and 2. promote and support the use of these products. By utilizing the existing EUMETCast dissemination system, we can directly take benefit from the operational infrastructures and from a well developed user base in Africa and South-America. This enables us to focus our effort on the support of the use of the data and building up and maintaining the capacity in Developing Countries which includes training, workshops, networking and outreach. The project sets up a number of pilot cases in Africa, South- and Central America and Asia and is conceived to have a big impact with a limited budget, by building upon existing production (SPOT-VEGETATION a.o.) and dissemination infrastructures (EUMETCast, FengYunCast), existing research projects (GEOLAND, VGT4AFRICA, MERSEA, GOOS, YEOS a.o.) and servicing all relevant environmental end-user communities. The ultimate ambition is to introduce and embed the GEONETCast data in a systematic manner into reporting systems in support of planning and decision making processes. This effort will enable authorities in Developing Countries in fulfilling their increasing monitoring and reporting obligations and help them to better manage their natural resources.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-03 | Award Amount: 7.00M | Year: 2013

Policy makers are increasingly relying on Earth Observation (EO) data to make decisions on mitigating and adapting to climate change. These decisions need to be evidence-based and this requires complete confidence in EO-derived products. Although EO data is plentiful, it is rare to have reliable, traceable and understandable quality information. The situation is often further confused because various versions of the same product exist from data providers using different retrieval algorithms. Users need an internationally acceptable Quality Assurance (QA) framework that establishes, and provides understandable traceable quality information for the data products used in Climate Services. This will ensure that long-term data sets are historically linked and, in the future, automatically harmonised in an efficient and interoperable manner. The Quality Assurance for ECVs (QA4ECV) project will address these issues by developing a robust generic system for the QA of satellite and in-situ algorithms and data records that can be applied to all ECVs in a prototype for future sustainable services in the frame of the GMES/Copernicus Climate Change Service. Multi-use tools and SI/community reference standards will be developed. The QA4ECV project will generate quality-assured multi-decadal Climate Data Records for 3 atmospheric ECV precursors (NO2, HCHO, and CO) and 3 land ECVs (albedo, LAI, and FAPAR), with full uncertainty metrics for every pixel ready for model ingestion. The generic QA framework will be applied to these ECVs. QA4ECV will engage with all stakeholders, including other ECV projects, governance bodies and end-users, developers of Climate Services and relevant projects. The QA4ECV project will show how trustable assessments of satellite data quality and reliable means of interoperability can facilitate users in judging the fitness-for-purpose of the ECV Climate Data Record. QA4ECV will be a major step forward in providing quality assured long-term Climate Data Records that are relevant for policy and climate change assessments.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EO-3-2014 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2015

There is a recognised need for establishing sound methods for the characterisation of satellite-based Earth Observation (EO) data by surface-based and sub-orbital measurement platforms - spanning Atmosphere, Ocean and Land observations and the entire radiance spectrum. Robust EO instrument characterisation is about significantly more than simply where and when a given set of EO and ground-based / sub-orbital measurements is taken. It requires, in addition, quantified uncertainty estimation for the reference measurements and an understanding of additional uncertainties that accrue through mismatches in sampling location and time and the distinct measurement footprints to enable a complete mapping of the reference measurements onto EO measurements. It also needs user tools which include statistical tools and the integrating capabilities afforded by data assimilation systems to enable users to access and work with the data in a virtual observatory setting. It is only if robust uncertainty estimates are placed on the ground-based and sub-orbital data and used in the analysis that unambiguous interpretation of EO sensor performance can occur.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA.2009.3.2.01 | Award Amount: 1.36M | Year: 2010

EAMNet aims to construct a network linking Earth Observation (EO) information providers, user networks and centres of excellence in Europe and Africa in the area of coastal and marine observations towards sustainable development in Africa. The network will undertake capacity building and maintenance and build upon existing infrastructure and expertise in Africa. The overall aim is to improve the exploitation of EO data for coastal and oceanic monitoring towards an Africa-wide observation system (GOOS-Africa). It will provide an interface between European GMES-related core and downstream services and R&D projects (notably MyOcean) and African initiatives (e.g. AMESD) with the emerging GMES-Africa initiative. It will also provide further links with GEO. Specifically, EAMNet will: Promote exploitation of existing and new marine EO data streams produced in Europe and Africa (e.g. MyOcean, OSI-SAF and DevCoCast) and disseminate the data using fast and reliable systems (GEONETCast) Harmonize and contribute to the evolution and improvement of application of these data Improve the coverage of the marine GEONETCast reception network Contribute to existing training courses undertaken in AMESD, DevCoCast and other initiatives Develop EO specific modules within the courses of three African Universities Coordinate R&D activities in Africa with GMES projects in Europe and promote best-practice through targeted exchange of personnel and open fellowships Connect the African and EU marine communities by co-organizing yearly symposia (in parallel with the alternating AARSE and AMESD meetings), maintaining a web site and publishing a regular newsletter Identify the requirements of the African stakeholders for the provision of GMES services Contribute to the implementation of the Action Plan for GMES and Africa Partnership resulting from the Lisbon Process on GMES and Africa and planned to be endorsed at the next EU-Africa Summit.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.4.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 4.90M | Year: 2011

ERA-CLIM will develop observational datasets suitable for global climate studies, with a focus on the past 100 years. These datasets will include atmospheric, oceanic, and terrestrial observations from a variety of sources, high-resolution global reanalysis products of the observations, and associated data quality information needed for climate applications. The project will use existing climate data records and make a substantial contribution to filling known gaps in these records. Proposed data recovery efforts will focus on upper-air observations made in the first half of the 20th century, as well as near-surface observations of wind and humidity, in all regions of the globe. A specific goal for the project is to improve the quality and consistency of climate observations through reanalysis. Together with other in-situ and remote-sensing datasets available from existing data archives, the observations collected for ERA-CLIM will be included in a newly developed Observation Feedback Archive. Quality feedback information for this archive, including data departures and bias estimates, will be generated during several new pilot reanalyses, as well as from existing reanalysis datasets. The pilot reanalyses and the Observation Feedback Archive will be made available to users world-wide as a unique resource for climate research and observational studies of the Earth system.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EO-2-2014 | Award Amount: 5.50M | Year: 2015

FIDUCEO will create new climate datasets from Earth Observations with rigorous treatment of uncertainty informed by the discipline of metrology. This responds to the need for enhanced credibility for climate data, to support rigorous science, decision-making and climate services. Our approach is (1) to develop methodologies for generating Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDRs) and [Thematic] Climate Data Records (CDRs) that are widely applicable and metrologically rigorous and (2) to build new FCDRs and CDRs, making them easily accessible, with complete and traceable estimates of stability and uncertainty. New tools for metrologically rigorous analysis will be created, including tools for stability analysis and ensemble creation. The chosen FCDRs have a length relevant to climate (>20 years) and can support numerous CDRs. Selected CDRs will be generated that illustrate new capabilities (e.g. equi-probable ensembles) as well as the benefits from use of the new FCDRs, such as improved stability and traceable uncertainties. Specifically, we will create: harmonised radiances (FCDRs) for the following sensors: AVHRR, HIRS, AMSU-B/MHS and MVIRI; and geophysical datasets, with uncertainties, for: ensemble sea and lake surface temperature, tropospheric humidity, aerosol optical depth and surface albedo. All data, software tools and methods will be freely and openly accessible and will be disseminated in a variety of forms including e-learning modules. All data will be available in both a common easy format (for general users) and community-standard formats. FIDUCEO will liaise explicitly with relevant programmes (Copernicus Climate Change Service, NOAA Climate Data Records programme, SCOPE-CM, re-analysis initiatives etc), and hold with two workshops for dialogue with the user community. By both creating valuable datasets and defining and applying rigorous new metrological methods, FIDUCEO aims for a broad and lasting impact in the field of climate data from space.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENV.2009.4.1.2.1 | Award Amount: 925.41K | Year: 2009

The EUGENE project aims at improving cooperation among European institutions acive in the domain of Earth observations and intensifying the coordination of contributions from national and European programmes to building GEOSS. EUGENE will initiate a process that should lead to a more coordinated planning and acting of the relevant European actors in the future. Specifically, the project will analyze the status quo in the European Earth observation for three of the nine GEO Societal Benefit Areas (SBA), namely disasters, water, and climate. For each of these SBA a report will be prepared to describe the current situation in Europe, including the main initiatives and activities. The main actors will be engaged for preparing these reports. Three thematic workshops will be organized on the basis of these reports. They will discuss potential activities for improvement and develop recommendations for a targeted, strategic participation of Europe in building GEOSS. The project results are aimed at supporting the European Commission and other European GEO Members and GEO Participating Organizations in their participation in GEO. The project will also be active in preparing the European positions for the 2010 GEO Summit.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SPA.2012.1.3-04 | Award Amount: 2.63M | Year: 2013

The GMES Initial Operations Programme Regulation places the lead of user interaction under EU responsibility. Supporting this, we propose to implement on behalf of the EC a transparent process for user involvement in the definition of user requirements for the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring and Atmosphere Monitoring Services for the timeframe 2014-2035, including their translation into coherent service specifications, service data requirements, and technical requirements for the Copernicus space infrastructure. The process, successfully applied by EUMETSAT to its future satellite programmes, and extended to cover the additional complexity of the Copernicus communities, is based on a broad user involvement; consensus is sought at all stages. The project builds on the heritage of user consultation processes already organised by the EC for the Copernicus Services (GMES Implementation Groups,...), results will be consolidated through specific user workshops and expert team meetings, and be approved by the EC through interactions with the Copernicus User Forum. The project is led by EUMETSAT which, based on its proven expertise, will mainly act as a process provider at the service of Copernicus. Three partners expert in the marine and atmosphere sector with wide European representation complement the consortium, ensuring the involvement of all relevant users, and providing additional scientific expertise. A liaison exchange is envisaged with the 2 Copernicus Services to ensure the proper representation of current user requirements and service specifications. The European Space Agency will provide expertise at project meetings on technical requirements for the space infrastructure. Other EU agencies involved in Copernicus (EEA,EMSA...) will also be consulted. The outcome of the project will be a documented process for requirements definition, which can again be applied by the EC for other Copernicus services, and an approved set of requirements for the future M&A services, ready to support the decisions on the evolution of the Copernicus space component.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA.2012.1.3-02 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2013

CORE-CLIMAX will coordinate the identification of available physical measurements, which can be reconciled with previously existing data records, to form long time series. It will help to substantiate how GMES observations and products can contribute to climate change analyses, by establishing the extent to which GMES observations complement existing Climate Data Records (CDR). With GCOS, GMES and ESA CCI projects, and EUMETSAT including its Satellite Application Facility (SAF) network, coordination will also take place with specific efforts to be undertaken by new FP7 GMES projects to further upgrade their product catalogues to include this climate relevant validation and information and lay the observational basis for service activities. CORE-CLIMAX will identify the integration of ECVs into the reanalysis chain by proposing a feedback mechanism ensuring that the results of the re-analysis process get appropriately reflected into updates of the ECVs. Together with intercomparing different reanalyses, CORE-CLIMAX will contribute to establish a European truly coupled gridded re-analysis which incorporates full exchanges and interactions between atmosphere, ocean, land, including the hydrological cycle. Specific objectives: 1 Coordinate with GMES ongoing activities and contribute to the formulation of the GMES climate service theme (GCOS, FP7 GMES and climate change projects, ESA CCI projects, EUMETSAT including its SAF network and EUMETNET as part of the European Meteorological Infrastructure) 2 Propose a structured process for delivering ECVs through the stepped and quality controlled elaboration of CDR, the latter being derived from prioritisation of the most appropriate input data sets; 3 Propose a validation process aiming at qualifying the accuracy of the climate variables; 4 Propose a feedback mechanism ensuring that the results of the re-analysis process get appropriately reflected into updates of the CDR; 5 Propose a process to compare reanalyses.

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