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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.4.1.2-1 | Award Amount: 4.90M | Year: 2011

ERA-CLIM will develop observational datasets suitable for global climate studies, with a focus on the past 100 years. These datasets will include atmospheric, oceanic, and terrestrial observations from a variety of sources, high-resolution global reanalysis products of the observations, and associated data quality information needed for climate applications. The project will use existing climate data records and make a substantial contribution to filling known gaps in these records. Proposed data recovery efforts will focus on upper-air observations made in the first half of the 20th century, as well as near-surface observations of wind and humidity, in all regions of the globe. A specific goal for the project is to improve the quality and consistency of climate observations through reanalysis. Together with other in-situ and remote-sensing datasets available from existing data archives, the observations collected for ERA-CLIM will be included in a newly developed Observation Feedback Archive. Quality feedback information for this archive, including data departures and bias estimates, will be generated during several new pilot reanalyses, as well as from existing reanalysis datasets. The pilot reanalyses and the Observation Feedback Archive will be made available to users world-wide as a unique resource for climate research and observational studies of the Earth system.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA.2009.3.2.01 | Award Amount: 1.36M | Year: 2010

EAMNet aims to construct a network linking Earth Observation (EO) information providers, user networks and centres of excellence in Europe and Africa in the area of coastal and marine observations towards sustainable development in Africa. The network will undertake capacity building and maintenance and build upon existing infrastructure and expertise in Africa. The overall aim is to improve the exploitation of EO data for coastal and oceanic monitoring towards an Africa-wide observation system (GOOS-Africa). It will provide an interface between European GMES-related core and downstream services and R&D projects (notably MyOcean) and African initiatives (e.g. AMESD) with the emerging GMES-Africa initiative. It will also provide further links with GEO. Specifically, EAMNet will: Promote exploitation of existing and new marine EO data streams produced in Europe and Africa (e.g. MyOcean, OSI-SAF and DevCoCast) and disseminate the data using fast and reliable systems (GEONETCast) Harmonize and contribute to the evolution and improvement of application of these data Improve the coverage of the marine GEONETCast reception network Contribute to existing training courses undertaken in AMESD, DevCoCast and other initiatives Develop EO specific modules within the courses of three African Universities Coordinate R&D activities in Africa with GMES projects in Europe and promote best-practice through targeted exchange of personnel and open fellowships Connect the African and EU marine communities by co-organizing yearly symposia (in parallel with the alternating AARSE and AMESD meetings), maintaining a web site and publishing a regular newsletter Identify the requirements of the African stakeholders for the provision of GMES services Contribute to the implementation of the Action Plan for GMES and Africa Partnership resulting from the Lisbon Process on GMES and Africa and planned to be endorsed at the next EU-Africa Summit.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENV.2009. | Award Amount: 925.41K | Year: 2009

The EUGENE project aims at improving cooperation among European institutions acive in the domain of Earth observations and intensifying the coordination of contributions from national and European programmes to building GEOSS. EUGENE will initiate a process that should lead to a more coordinated planning and acting of the relevant European actors in the future. Specifically, the project will analyze the status quo in the European Earth observation for three of the nine GEO Societal Benefit Areas (SBA), namely disasters, water, and climate. For each of these SBA a report will be prepared to describe the current situation in Europe, including the main initiatives and activities. The main actors will be engaged for preparing these reports. Three thematic workshops will be organized on the basis of these reports. They will discuss potential activities for improvement and develop recommendations for a targeted, strategic participation of Europe in building GEOSS. The project results are aimed at supporting the European Commission and other European GEO Members and GEO Participating Organizations in their participation in GEO. The project will also be active in preparing the European positions for the 2010 GEO Summit.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-03 | Award Amount: 7.00M | Year: 2013

Policy makers are increasingly relying on Earth Observation (EO) data to make decisions on mitigating and adapting to climate change. These decisions need to be evidence-based and this requires complete confidence in EO-derived products. Although EO data is plentiful, it is rare to have reliable, traceable and understandable quality information. The situation is often further confused because various versions of the same product exist from data providers using different retrieval algorithms. Users need an internationally acceptable Quality Assurance (QA) framework that establishes, and provides understandable traceable quality information for the data products used in Climate Services. This will ensure that long-term data sets are historically linked and, in the future, automatically harmonised in an efficient and interoperable manner. The Quality Assurance for ECVs (QA4ECV) project will address these issues by developing a robust generic system for the QA of satellite and in-situ algorithms and data records that can be applied to all ECVs in a prototype for future sustainable services in the frame of the GMES/Copernicus Climate Change Service. Multi-use tools and SI/community reference standards will be developed. The QA4ECV project will generate quality-assured multi-decadal Climate Data Records for 3 atmospheric ECV precursors (NO2, HCHO, and CO) and 3 land ECVs (albedo, LAI, and FAPAR), with full uncertainty metrics for every pixel ready for model ingestion. The generic QA framework will be applied to these ECVs. QA4ECV will engage with all stakeholders, including other ECV projects, governance bodies and end-users, developers of Climate Services and relevant projects. The QA4ECV project will show how trustable assessments of satellite data quality and reliable means of interoperability can facilitate users in judging the fitness-for-purpose of the ECV Climate Data Record. QA4ECV will be a major step forward in providing quality assured long-term Climate Data Records that are relevant for policy and climate change assessments.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA.2012.1.3-02 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2013

CORE-CLIMAX will coordinate the identification of available physical measurements, which can be reconciled with previously existing data records, to form long time series. It will help to substantiate how GMES observations and products can contribute to climate change analyses, by establishing the extent to which GMES observations complement existing Climate Data Records (CDR). With GCOS, GMES and ESA CCI projects, and EUMETSAT including its Satellite Application Facility (SAF) network, coordination will also take place with specific efforts to be undertaken by new FP7 GMES projects to further upgrade their product catalogues to include this climate relevant validation and information and lay the observational basis for service activities. CORE-CLIMAX will identify the integration of ECVs into the reanalysis chain by proposing a feedback mechanism ensuring that the results of the re-analysis process get appropriately reflected into updates of the ECVs. Together with intercomparing different reanalyses, CORE-CLIMAX will contribute to establish a European truly coupled gridded re-analysis which incorporates full exchanges and interactions between atmosphere, ocean, land, including the hydrological cycle. Specific objectives: 1 Coordinate with GMES ongoing activities and contribute to the formulation of the GMES climate service theme (GCOS, FP7 GMES and climate change projects, ESA CCI projects, EUMETSAT including its SAF network and EUMETNET as part of the European Meteorological Infrastructure) 2 Propose a structured process for delivering ECVs through the stepped and quality controlled elaboration of CDR, the latter being derived from prioritisation of the most appropriate input data sets; 3 Propose a validation process aiming at qualifying the accuracy of the climate variables; 4 Propose a feedback mechanism ensuring that the results of the re-analysis process get appropriately reflected into updates of the CDR; 5 Propose a process to compare reanalyses.

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