PubMed | Laboratoire Of Controle Et Danalyses Lca, Catholic University of Leuven and European Homograft Bank EHB
Type: | Journal: Cell and tissue banking | Year: 2017
Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) is a solvent which protects the structure of allografts during the cryopreservation and thawing process. However, several toxic effects of DMSO in patients after transplantation of cryopreserved allografts have been described. The aim of this study is to determine the residual DMSO in the cardiovascular allografts after thawing and preparation of cryopreserved allografts for clinical application following guidelines of the European Pharmacopoeia for DMSO detection. Four types of EHB allografts (aortic valve-AV, pulmonary valve-PV, descending thoracic aorta-DA, and femoral artery-FA) are cryopreserved using as cryoprotecting solution a 10% of DMSO in medium 199. Sampling is carried out after thawing, after DMSO dilution and after delay of 30min from final dilution (estimated delay until allograft implantation). After progressive thawing in sterile water bath at 37-42C (duration of about 20min), DMSO dilution is carried out by adding consecutively 33, 66 and 200mL of saline. Finally, tissues are transferred into 200mL of a new physiologic solution. Allograft samples are analysed for determination of the residual DSMO concentration using a validated Gas Chromatography analysis. Femoral arteries showed the most important DMSO reduction after the estimated delay: 92.97% of decrease in the cryoprotectant final amount while a final reduction of 72.30, 72.04 and 76.29% in DMSO content for AV, PV and DA, was found, respectively. The residual DMSO in the allografts at the moment of implantation represents a final dose of 1.95, 1.06, 1.74 and 0.26mgkg
PubMed | Catholic University of Louvain and European Homograft Bank EHB
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2016
Despite the controversy, the aortic homograft is supposedly the best option in acute infective endocarditis (AIE), due to its resistance to reinfection. However, the technical complexity and the risk of structural deterioration over time have limited its utilization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of aortic homograft for the treatment of infective endocarditis in our institution with particular attention to predictors of survival and homograft reoperation.The cohort includes 112 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with an aortic homograft for AIE between January 1990 and December 2014.Fifteen patients (13.4%) died during the first 30 days after the operation. Two patients were lost to follow-up after discharge from the hospital; therefore, 95 patients were available for long-term analysis. The median duration of follow-up was 7.8 years (IQR 4.7-17.6). Five patients (5.3%) suffered a recurrence of infective endocarditis (1 relapse and 4 new episodes). Sixteen patients (16.8%) were reoperated for structural valve degeneration (SVD; n = 14, 87.5%) or for infection recurrence (n = 2, 12.5%). Freedom from homograft reoperation for infective endocarditis or structural homograft degeneration at 10 and 15 years postoperatively was 86.3 5.5 and 47.3 11.0%, respectively. For patients requiring homograft reoperation, the median interval to reintervention was 11.6 years (IQR 8.3-14.5). Long-term survival was 63.6% (95% CI 52.4-72.8%) and 53.8% (95% CI 40.6-65.3%) at 10 and 15 years, respectively.The use of aortic homograft in acute aortic valve endocarditis is associated with a remarkably low risk of relapsing infection and very acceptable long-term survival. The risk of reoperation due to SVD is significant after one decade especially in young patients. The aortic homograft seems to be ideally suited for reconstruction of the aortic valve and cardiac structures damaged by the infective process especially in early surgery.