The European Environment Agency

Copenhagen, Denmark

The European Environment Agency

Copenhagen, Denmark
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Pieke E.N.,Technical University of Denmark | Granby K.,Technical University of Denmark | Trier X.,The European Environment Agency | Smedsgaard Jo.,Technical University of Denmark
Analytica Chimica Acta | Year: 2016

Risk assessment of exposure to chemicals from food and other sources rely on quantitative information of the occurrence of these chemicals. As screening analysis is increasingly used, a strategy to semi-quantify unknown or untargeted analytes is required. A proof of concept strategy to semi-quantifying unknown substances in LC-MS was investigated by studying the responses of a chemically diverse marker set of 17 analytes using an experimental design study. Optimal conditions were established using two optimization parameters related to weak-responding compounds and to the overall response. All the 17 selected analytes were semi-quantified using a different analyte to assess the quantification performance under various conditions. It was found that source conditions had strong effects on the responses, with the range of low-response signals varying from -80% to over +300% compared to centerpoints. Positive electrospray (ESI+) was found to have more complex source interactions than negative electrospray (ESI-). Choice of quantification marker resulted in better quantification if the retention time difference was minimized (12 out of 12 cases error factor < 4.0) rather than if the accurate mass difference was minimized (7 out of 12 cases error factor < 4.0). Using optimal conditions and retention time selection, semi-quantification in ESI+ (70% quantified, average prediction error factor 2.08) and ESI- (100% quantified, average prediction error factor 1.74) yielded acceptable results for untargeted screening. The method was successfully applied to an extract of food contact material containing over 300 unknown substances. Without identification and authentic standards, the method was able to estimate the concentration of a virtually unlimited number of compounds thereby providing valuable data to prioritize compounds in risk assessment studies. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

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