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Aguilar A.C.,Federal University of ABC | Binosi D.,European Center for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas | Papavassiliou J.,University of Valencia
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2010

We use recent lattice data on the gluon and ghost propagators, as well as the Kugo-Ojima function, in order to extract the non-perturbative behavior of two particular definitions of the QCD effective charge, one based on the pinch technique construction, and one obtained from the standard ghost-gluon vertex. The construction relies crucially on the definition of two dimensionful quantities, which are invariant under the renormalization group, and are built out of very particular combinations of the aforementioned Green's functions. The main non-perturbative feature of both effective charges, encoded in the infrared finiteness of the gluon propagator and ghost dressing function used in their definition, is the freezing at a common finite (non-vanishing) value, in agreement with a plethora of theoretical and phenomenological expectations. We discuss the sizable discrepancy between the freezing values obtained from the present lattice analysis and the corresponding estimates derived from several phenomenological studies, and attribute its origin to the difference in the gauges employed. A particular toy calculation suggests that the modifications induced to the non-perturbative gluon propagator by the gauge choice may indeed account for the observed deviation of the freezing values. © SISSA 2010. Source

Iancu E.,Institute Of Physique Theorique Of Saclay | Triantafyllopoulos D.N.,European Center for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2011

We develop a new approximation scheme aiming at extracting higher-point correlation functions from the JIMWLK evolution, in the limit where the number of colors is large. Namely, we show that by exploiting the structure of the 'virtual' terms in the Balitsky-JIMWLK equations, one can derive functional relations expressing arbitrary n- point functions of theWilson lines in terms of the 2-point function (the scattering amplitude for a color dipole). These approximations are correct not only in the regime of strong scattering, where the evolution is indeed controlled by the 'virtual' terms, but also in the regime of weak scattering, where they reduce to the corresponding BFKL solutions. This last feature follows from the fact that the JIMWLK Hamiltonian is a linear combination of the pieces responsible for the 'real' and 'virtual' terms, respectively. We apply this scheme to two examples: the 'color quadrupole' (the 4-point function of the Wilson lines which enters the cross-section for the production of a pair of jets at forward rapidities) and the 'color sextupole' (the 6-point function). For particular configurations of the quadrupole, our general formula reduces to relatively simple expressions that have been previously proposed on the basis of the McLerran-Venugopalan model and which were recently shown to agree quite well with exact, numerical, solutions to the JIMWLK equation. © SISSA 2011. Source

Mukherjee A.,Yale University | Mukherjee A.,European Center for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas | Alhassid Y.,Yale University
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2013

We develop a quantum Monte Carlo method to estimate the ground-state energy of a fermionic many-particle system in the configuration-interaction shell model approach. The fermionic sign problem is circumvented by using a guiding wave function in Fock space. The method provides an upper bound on the ground-state energy whose tightness depends on the choice of the guiding wave function. We argue that the antisymmetric geminal product class of wave functions is a good choice for guiding wave functions. We demonstrate our method for the trapped two-species fermionic cold atom system in the unitary regime of infinite scattering length using the particle-number projected Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov wave function as the guiding wave function. We estimate the ground-state energy and energy-staggering pairing gap as a function of the number of particles. We compare our results with exact numerical diagonalization results and with previous fixed-node coordinate-space Monte Carlo calculations. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

Alvioli M.,European Center for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas | Soyez G.,CEA Saclay Nuclear Research Center | Triantafyllopoulos D.N.,Fondazione Bruno Kessler
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

In processes involving small-x partons, like in deep inelastic scattering and in hadronic collisions at high energy, the final state can be expressed in terms of correlators of Wilson lines. We study such high-point correlators evolving according to the JIMWLK equation and we confirm the results of previous numerical and analytic work, by using an independent method, that the solution to the JIMWLK equation can be very well approximated by an appropriate Gaussian wave function. We explore both fixed and running coupling evolution, where in the latter the scale is set according to various prescriptions. As a byproduct, we also numerically confirm to high accuracy the validity of the law governing the behavior of the S-matrix close to the unitarity limit, the Levin-Tuchin formula. We furthermore outline how to calculate correlators with open color indices. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

Iancu E.,Institute Of Physique Theorique Of Saclay | Triantafyllopoulos D.N.,European Center for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2012

We demonstrate that the Balitsky-JIMWLK equations describing the highenergy evolution of the n-point functions of the Wilson lines (the QCD scattering amplitudes in the eikonal approximation) admit a controlled mean field approximation of the Gaussian type, for any value of the number of colors N c. This approximation is strictly correct in the weak scattering regime at relatively large transverse momenta, where it reproduces the BFKL dynamics, and in the strong scattering regime deeply at saturation, where it properly describes the evolution of the scattering amplitudes towards the respective black disk limits. The approximation scheme is fully specified by giving the 2-point function (the S-matrix for a color dipole), which in turn can be related to the solution to the Balitsky-Kovchegov equation, including at finite N c. Any higher n-point function with n ≥ 4 can be computed in terms of the dipole S-matrix by solving a closed system of evolution equations (a simplified version of the respective Balitsky-JIMWLK equations) which are local in the transverse coordinates. For simple configurations of the projectile in the transverse plane, our new results for the 4-point and the 6-point functions coincide with the high-energy extrapolations of the respective results in the McLerran-Venugopalan model. One cornerstone of our construction is a symmetry property of the JIMWLK evolution, that we notice here for the first time: the fact that, with increasing energy, a hadron is expanding its longitudinal support symmetrically around the light-cone. This corresponds to invariance under time reversal for the scattering amplitudes. © 2012 SISSA. Source

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