European Center for Nature Conservation

Tilburg, Netherlands

European Center for Nature Conservation

Tilburg, Netherlands
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Atmis E.,Bartin University | Cil A.,European Center for Nature Conservation
Journal of Sustainable Forestry | Year: 2013

Sustainable forestry is considered as one of the most important focal points for sustainable development, as it is part of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio in 1992 which followed the completion of "Our Common Future." To this end, many studies have been carried out on implementing of sustainable forestry at the global level.Geographically, Turkey can be seen as part of Pan-European and Near East sustainable forestry initiatives. Forest organizations have carried out many studies to implement the decisions made with these initiatives in line with their own needs in forest management. While conducting studies in the framework of the National Forestry Program prepared within this context, people have been confronted with various problems due to insufficient infrastructure and implementation difficulties. This article provides information on sustainable forestry leading to observations and suggestions relevant for Turkey. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Louette G.,Research Institute for Nature and Forest | Maes D.,Research Institute for Nature and Forest | Alkemade J.R.M.,Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency | Boitani L.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 14 more authors.
Journal for Nature Conservation | Year: 2010

Human-induced pressures are known to be one of the main causes of biodiversity loss. In order to readily assess policy impacts on biodiversity, a cost-effective evaluation tool is developed, using species sensitivity scores. We demonstrate the potential effects of a selected policy option, being woody bioenergy crop production, on a wide range of species groups in Europe. Large-scale expansions of woody biofuel plantations would have a net negative effect on the species set covered in our study, with little variation among biogeographical regions, but with considerable differences among species groups. The evaluation tool enables policy makers to assess the potential impact of decisions on future biodiversity. © 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Jones-Walters L.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Civic K.,European Center for Nature Conservation
Journal for Nature Conservation | Year: 2010

The arrival of wilderness as a policy issue, following the passing of a European Parliament resolution in 2009, has increased the profile of the issue and provided a challenge for policy-makers and practitioners. There is a need for a policy relevant definition that can guide decision-making in relation to the protection and management of wilderness areas, including their exploitation for economic benefit, and for information and data about the extent of existing wilderness and wild areas and the opportunities for its recreation. The scale of the challenge requires a high level of aspiration and any efforts will require the coordination of policy and implementation well beyond the borders of Europe itself. © 2010 Elsevier GmbH.

Jones-Walters L.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Cil A.,European Center for Nature Conservation
Journal for Nature Conservation | Year: 2011

Consensus building through stakeholder participation is a promising new trend that takes into account the interactive character of the communication process. There is a growing realisation that stakeholder participation has a significant role to play in the development and delivery of biodiversity policy and practice. Experience and best practice from activities such as the designation and management of Natura 2000 and Integrated Coastal Zone Management shows that problem solving and conflict management are significantly enhanced through participative processes. There is therefore the potential for a change to take place in the way that biodiversity policy is developed and implemented. This brings challenges to the biodiversity community in terms of developing new skills and processes and in engaging with new agendas and sectors. © 2011 Elsevier GmbH.

Civic K.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Jones-Walters L.M.,Wageningen University
Journal of Green Engineering | Year: 2014

The impact of landscape fragmentation is well recognised as one of the key contributors to the past and present decline in European wildlife. Ecological networks were seen as a solution to this problem and have been the subject of research, policy and practice for nearly 40 years; resulting in many examples of best practice and lessons learned. More recently the European Commission has introduced the concept of Green Infrastructure (GI) which retains the frame work of ecological networks at its core but which offers a more sophisticated integration of economic and social factors and the delivery of a range of ecosystem services. GI has already been included as a concept in EU strategy and offers much for future policy making and delivery of sectoral integration. The views of stakeholders indicate that there a number of key areas for improvement but confirm the potential of the concept. Further work should consider the practicalities of the full translation of the protected area networks into functional ecological networks and making them integral building blocks of the green infrastructure both at the level of policy and practice. In addition information about how to create actual ecological networks at the delivery level, particularly where this has involved stakeholder and public participation needs to be researched and made widely available. The issue of communication; specifically to politicians and decision makers within key sectors (such as spatial planning, transport, industry, etc.) but more widely to researchers, conservation practitioners, businesses and the interested public remain to be fully addressed. © 2014 River Publishers.

Bianchi F.J.J.A.,Wageningen University | Mikos V.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Brussaard L.,Wageningen University | Delbaere B.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Pulleman M.M.,Wageningen University
Environmental Science and Policy | Year: 2013

To counteract the negative effects of intensive agriculture there is increasing interest in approaches that reconcile agricultural production with the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. Integration of functional agrobiodiversity (FAB) in agricultural systems holds promise to meet these challenging objectives, but requires the generation, transfer and implementation of tailor-made knowledge, and policy development. Currently various initiatives are undertaken across Europe to develop and assess the potential of biodiversity-based management practices by farmers, industry, researchers and governmental and non-governmental organizations. In this paper we show that the Convention on Biological Diversity and planned reforms in EU policy offer scope to further implement FAB concepts via legislation for biodiversity conservation, pesticide use, water quality, environmental protection and conservation of genetic resources. At the same time we observe that there are still impediments to the adoption of FAB approaches, including (i) translation of general knowledge to tailored, ready-to-use management practices, (ii) limited information on the effectiveness of FAB measures in terms of crop yield and quality, profitability, and reduction of agrochemical inputs, (iii) lack of appropriate financial accounting systems that allow fair accounting of the private investments and public benefits, and (iv) the implementation of FAB measures at the right spatial scales, which requires coordination among the various actors in a region. Current and new legislation may provide incentives to address these limitations and contribute to the further development and integration of FAB concepts in agricultural systems in Europe. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Delbaere B.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Mikos V.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Pulleman M.,Wageningen University
Journal for Nature Conservation | Year: 2014

This short communication introduces the concept of functional agrobiodiversity and how this provides ecosystem services in support of a transition towards a more sustainable agriculture in Europe. It describes the European policy framework for measures in support of functional agrobiodiversity and the role that knowledge and research play in stimulating their implementation. © 2014 Elsevier GmbH.

Jongman R.H.G.,Wageningen University | Bouwma I.M.,Wageningen University | Griffioen A.,Wageningen University | Jones-Walters L.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Van Doorn A.M.,Wageningen University
Landscape Ecology | Year: 2011

The pan European biological and landscape diversity strategy (PEBDLS) was developed under the auspices of the Council of Europe in order to achieve the effective implementation of the convention of biological diversity (CBD) at the European level. A key element of PEBLDS has been the development of the Pan European Ecological Network (PEEN) as a guiding vision for coherence in biodiversity conservation. PEEN has been developed in three subprojects: Central and Eastern Europe, completed in 2002; South-eastern Europe, completed in 2006; and Western Europe, also completed in 2006. The methodology of the development of the three maps has been broadly comparable but data availability, differences in national databases, technical developments and geographical differences caused variations in the detailed approach. One of the challenges was to find common denominators for the habitat data in Europe; this was solved differently for the subprojects. The project has resulted in three maps that together constitute the PEEN. They differ in terms of ecological coherence and the need for ecological corridors; for example, in Central and Western Europe corridors are essential to provide connectivity, while in Northern, Eastern and South-eastern Europe larger, coherent natural areas still exist. The future steps in developing PEEN should include the implementation of national ecological networks and, in particular, the pursuit of international coherence through the development of trans-European ecological corridors. The big challenge is to develop a common approach among the over 100 European-wide agencies that are responsible for biodiversity conservation. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Jones-Walters L.,European Center for Nature Conservation | Civic K.,European Center for Nature Conservation
Journal for Nature Conservation | Year: 2013

The Habitats Directive celebrates its 20th anniversary in 2012. The influence of the Directive now extends across 27 Member States, compared to just 12 when it was first adopted in May 1992. The sites now cover more than 17% of the land surface of the Member States. However, in spite of their deep roots in human history, reviewed here, and their long-time justification on the basis of intrinsic value, protected areas must face the economic challenges of the modern era. There is a need for policy that can guide decision-making in relation to their continued designation, protection and management, including the ecosystem services that they deliver and taking into account the needs of the local communities who live and work in and around them. Growing pressures include their potential exploitation for economic and commercial benefit and the continued threats from competition over land use and climate change. © 2012 Elsevier GmbH.

PubMed | IRSTEA, James Hutton Institute, Szent Istvan University, Estonian University of Life Sciences and 7 more.
Type: | Journal: The Science of the total environment | Year: 2016

In this paper, we reflect on the implications for science, policy and practice of the recently introduced concept of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), with a focus on the European context. First, we analyse NBS in relation to similar concepts, and reflect on its relationship to sustainability as an overarching framework. From this, we derive a set of questions to be addressed and propose a general framework for how these might be addressed in NBS projects by funders, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners. We conclude that: To realise their full potential, NBS must be developed by including the experience of all relevant stakeholders such that solutions contribute to achieving all dimensions of sustainability. As NBS are developed, we must also moderate the expectations placed on them since the precedent provided by other initiatives whose aim was to manage nature sustainably demonstrates that we should not expect NBS to be cheap and easy, at least not in the short-term.

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