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McPeek R.,Center for Applications of Psychological Type Inc. | Nichols A.L.,Euromed Management | Classen S.,University of Florida | Breiner J.,Center for Applications of Psychological Type Inc.
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour | Year: 2011

A convenience sample of 50 older drivers (Mage = 73.14, SD = 4.85) completed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) Step III™ instrument and rated their own driving abilities (compared to all other drivers, same age drivers, and their own driving 20 years prior) and their ability to perform 68 specific driving-related behaviors. Each subject's driving performance was also evaluated in a comprehensive on-road assessment conducted by a certified driving rehabilitation specialist, who rated the same 68 driving behaviors as well as driving performance. Drivers identified by the MBTI Step III instrument as Extraverted, Sensing, and (above median) Confident rated their driving significantly more favorably than Introverts, Intuitives, and below median Confidence drivers. Step III Sufficiency scales were associated with on-road performance: drivers with scores indicating low Confidence, low Stamina, or critical high levels of Compensatory Strain received significantly lower evaluations. Drivers with a Sensing preference or critical Strain score rated their driving significantly more favorably than evaluators did. These findings present preliminary evidence for the utility of personality assessments in identifying self-serving bias in driving self-evaluations, essential for safe self-regulation of driving. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Islam M.Z.,University of Brunei Darussalam | Jasimuddin S.M.,Euromed Management | Hasan I.,University of Brunei Darussalam
VINE | Year: 2015

Purpose – This paper aims to examine how organizational culture, structure and technology infrastructure influence knowledge sharing. Design/methodology/approach – This study is based on quantitative research, administered on 90 managerial staff in multinational corporations (MNCs) based in Malaysia. Findings – The paper explains the role of organizational cultural and structure on knowledge-sharing processes in MNCs, with the moderating effect of technology infrastructure. Learning and development, top management support and centralization are positively related to knowledge sharing, using technology infrastructure as a moderator. Research limitations/implications – The findings will help MNCs to create an appropriate environment of knowledge sharing. However, the research is limited to MNC’s in Penang, Malaysia, only. Furthermore, similar research can be extended to MNCs in other Asian countries with a larger sample which may bring more statistical power and, thereby, increases generalizability. Practical implications – The outcome of this research provides useful indications of how organizations can work to ensure knowledge sharing within their work place. Originality/value – While the links between organizational culture and knowledge sharing and between organizational structure and knowledge sharing have been examined independently, few studies have investigated the association between the three concepts. This paper examines the nature of this relationship and presents empirical evidence, which suggests that the relationship between organizational culture, organizational structure and knowledge sharing is moderated by the technology infrastructure. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

Bartikowski B.,Euromed Management | Walsh G.,University of Koblenz-Landau | Beatty S.E.,University of Alabama
Journal of Business Research | Year: 2011

This study investigates the moderating role of culture and relationship age in the relationship between customer-based corporate reputation (CBR) and customer loyalty using data from two service contexts (retailing and fast-food restaurants) in three countries (France, the U.K., and the U.S.) that differ with regards to two cultural values-uncertainty avoidance and time orientation. Results suggest that CBR has similar effects on affective and intentional loyalty in all three countries. However, culture interacts with relationship age, such that relationship age magnifies the effect of CBR in France, while relationship age suppresses CBR's effect in the U.K. and the U.S. The authors provide explanations for these effects based on cultural theories. Managerial and research implications are developed. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Adler B.-M.,Euromed Management | Baets W.,University of Cape Town | Konig R.,Entwurfsforschung
Information and Management | Year: 2011

Networks of communication are essential when managing corporate work and performing information exchange; the systems must allow them to be dynamic and well-structured. They help provide high organizational performance and innovative capacity in today's knowledge intense corporations, and this means that organizations must manage the networks strategically. Despite the fact that practitioners are aware of the huge influence of informal communication on decision making, little is known about the underlying principles of efficient employee network collaboration, which is dynamic in nature, especially for complex environments resulting from steady innovation and high competitive pressure. We addressed this issue from a complexity perspective, using an agent based simulation to visualize the key elements of efficient, information-based, collaborative decision making. Our findings suggested that information and communication technologies (ICT) may not be able to leverage corporate performance of the increasingly complex adaptive organizations. There seem to be elementary natural constraints on the cognitive capacities of people dealing with and managing information. Rather than a better technical approach, a more ecologic one is therefore advocated as the best way to improve decision making. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Cheaitou A.,University of Sharjah | Cariou P.,Euromed Management
Maritime Policy and Management | Year: 2012

Increasing the number of vessels in a container liner service while reducing speeds, known as slow steaming strategy, has been a short-term response since 2008 to the challenges of over-capacity and the rise in bunker prices faced by shipping lines. This strategy, which reduces the fuel cost per voyage but increases the operating costs as more vessels are added to the service, is difficult to sustain when the transit time significantly affects the transportation demand. This article proposes a model applied to this situation, referred to as a case of optimal speed under semi-elastic demand, for which containerised perishable product transport is sensitive to time, while frozen and dry products are not. It investigates if slow steaming is still optimal when working to maximise the total profit on the cycle. In order to demonstrate the proposed model, a numerical application is carried out for a direct Northern Europe to East Coast of South America container service, a route selected due to the high volume of fresh products. For this application, the speed that maximises the total profit with inelastic and semi-elastic demand is then estimated for several bunker fuel prices. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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