McPeek R.,Center for Applications of Psychological Type Inc. |
Nichols A.L.,Euromed Management |
Classen S.,University of Florida |
Breiner J.,Center for Applications of Psychological Type Inc.
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour | Year: 2011
A convenience sample of 50 older drivers (Mage = 73.14, SD = 4.85) completed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) Step III™ instrument and rated their own driving abilities (compared to all other drivers, same age drivers, and their own driving 20 years prior) and their ability to perform 68 specific driving-related behaviors. Each subject's driving performance was also evaluated in a comprehensive on-road assessment conducted by a certified driving rehabilitation specialist, who rated the same 68 driving behaviors as well as driving performance. Drivers identified by the MBTI Step III instrument as Extraverted, Sensing, and (above median) Confident rated their driving significantly more favorably than Introverts, Intuitives, and below median Confidence drivers. Step III Sufficiency scales were associated with on-road performance: drivers with scores indicating low Confidence, low Stamina, or critical high levels of Compensatory Strain received significantly lower evaluations. Drivers with a Sensing preference or critical Strain score rated their driving significantly more favorably than evaluators did. These findings present preliminary evidence for the utility of personality assessments in identifying self-serving bias in driving self-evaluations, essential for safe self-regulation of driving. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Adler B.-M.,Euromed Management |
Baets W.,University of Cape Town |
Information and Management | Year: 2011
Networks of communication are essential when managing corporate work and performing information exchange; the systems must allow them to be dynamic and well-structured. They help provide high organizational performance and innovative capacity in today's knowledge intense corporations, and this means that organizations must manage the networks strategically. Despite the fact that practitioners are aware of the huge influence of informal communication on decision making, little is known about the underlying principles of efficient employee network collaboration, which is dynamic in nature, especially for complex environments resulting from steady innovation and high competitive pressure. We addressed this issue from a complexity perspective, using an agent based simulation to visualize the key elements of efficient, information-based, collaborative decision making. Our findings suggested that information and communication technologies (ICT) may not be able to leverage corporate performance of the increasingly complex adaptive organizations. There seem to be elementary natural constraints on the cognitive capacities of people dealing with and managing information. Rather than a better technical approach, a more ecologic one is therefore advocated as the best way to improve decision making. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
de Oliveira G.F.,University of Nantes |
Cariou P.,Euromed Management
Maritime Policy and Management | Year: 2011
This paper, using data envelopment analysis, assesses the efficiency of 122 iron ore and coal ports in 2005. Estimates for 54 loading and 68 unloading ports show that the main source of inefficiency in bulk terminals is related to the scale. Results aggregated at a country level demonstrate that the national efficiency can be achieved either through a limited number of large ports or by combining smaller ports with complementary characteristics-national network effect. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Hahn T.,Euromed Management |
Figge F.,Euromed Management |
Liesen A.,University of Leeds
Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management | Year: 2012
This case focuses on the assessment of trade-offs between different environmental features of investments. Using the example of a VOC-reduction investment at a car maker, the case applies an innovative approach for the assessment of environmental investment projects. Since it is unusual that all environmental performance characteristics of investment projects will be in harmony, decision-makers need to ascertain the overall environmental effect of different investments. This case transfers the logic of financial investment appraisal to the environmental assessment of investment projects. The analysis shows, in monetary terms, by how much each investment option outpeforms or underperforms environmental efficiency targets. With monetary figures, decision-makers can balance conflicting environmental performances and identify the investment option that supports a company's environmental strategy best. The case provides a step-by-step explanation of the assessment approach and offers students and decision makers a novel perspective on the assessment of trade-offs in environmental investments. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.
Barkemeyer R.,University of Leeds |
Figge F.,Euromed Management
Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management | Year: 2012
This case focuses on the social dimension of a large-scale plantation project of Ford Motors Company in Brazil. With its Fordlândia plantation, Henry Ford aimed to trigger an industrial revolution in the Amazon basin just like he had done in the United States two decades earlier. However, upon arrival, the company encountered unforeseen challenges linked to the attempted export of the Ford way of thinking and doing business - that had worked so well at home in Michigan - into the remote and underdeveloped Amazon basin. Yet, when failure became clear, the company decided to buy a new stretch of land nearby with the intent of reconsidering its way of doing business at the plantation. At its new operations, the company needed to better balance the trade-off between its own core values and those of its local workforce. The case is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate management courses as well as a wider audience. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.
Bartikowski B.,Euromed Management |
Walsh G.,University of Koblenz-Landau |
Beatty S.E.,University of Alabama
Journal of Business Research | Year: 2011
This study investigates the moderating role of culture and relationship age in the relationship between customer-based corporate reputation (CBR) and customer loyalty using data from two service contexts (retailing and fast-food restaurants) in three countries (France, the U.K., and the U.S.) that differ with regards to two cultural values-uncertainty avoidance and time orientation. Results suggest that CBR has similar effects on affective and intentional loyalty in all three countries. However, culture interacts with relationship age, such that relationship age magnifies the effect of CBR in France, while relationship age suppresses CBR's effect in the U.K. and the U.S. The authors provide explanations for these effects based on cultural theories. Managerial and research implications are developed. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Zhang Z.J.,New York University |
Jasimuddin S.M.,Euromed Management
Industrial Management and Data Systems | Year: 2012
Purpose - Knowledge market has become an important issue of knowledge management. The purpose of this paper is to study the design of an internal knowledge market for enabling knowledge transfer within an organization. Design/methodology/approach - The knowledge market is modeled as a pull market, where buyers post and price their questions to elicit answers from potential sellers. Designing and offering different incentives and information technology (IT) support to knowledge workers with heterogeneous knowledge levels, a firm maintains the efficiency of the market and maximizes the organizational benefit from knowledge transfer. Findings - The authors identify two payment policies, a priori and a posteriori, and two market-regulating mechanisms, Locking and Open mechanisms. The optimal designs of incentive contracts and IT support are fully demonstrated for the a priori policy and Locking mechanism. The benefits of the market for knowledge transfer are illustrated from three aspects: transaction price as sharing reward; market as payment platform; and IT as transaction facilitator. Originality/value - The paper provides valuable insights for practitioners to effectively manage knowledge assets within markets. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Islam M.Z.,University of Brunei Darussalam |
Jasimuddin S.M.,Euromed Management |
Hasan I.,University of Brunei Darussalam
VINE | Year: 2015
Purpose – This paper aims to examine how organizational culture, structure and technology infrastructure influence knowledge sharing. Design/methodology/approach – This study is based on quantitative research, administered on 90 managerial staff in multinational corporations (MNCs) based in Malaysia. Findings – The paper explains the role of organizational cultural and structure on knowledge-sharing processes in MNCs, with the moderating effect of technology infrastructure. Learning and development, top management support and centralization are positively related to knowledge sharing, using technology infrastructure as a moderator. Research limitations/implications – The findings will help MNCs to create an appropriate environment of knowledge sharing. However, the research is limited to MNC’s in Penang, Malaysia, only. Furthermore, similar research can be extended to MNCs in other Asian countries with a larger sample which may bring more statistical power and, thereby, increases generalizability. Practical implications – The outcome of this research provides useful indications of how organizations can work to ensure knowledge sharing within their work place. Originality/value – While the links between organizational culture and knowledge sharing and between organizational structure and knowledge sharing have been examined independently, few studies have investigated the association between the three concepts. This paper examines the nature of this relationship and presents empirical evidence, which suggests that the relationship between organizational culture, organizational structure and knowledge sharing is moderated by the technology infrastructure. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Cheaitou A.,University of Sharjah |
Cariou P.,Euromed Management
Maritime Policy and Management | Year: 2012
Increasing the number of vessels in a container liner service while reducing speeds, known as slow steaming strategy, has been a short-term response since 2008 to the challenges of over-capacity and the rise in bunker prices faced by shipping lines. This strategy, which reduces the fuel cost per voyage but increases the operating costs as more vessels are added to the service, is difficult to sustain when the transit time significantly affects the transportation demand. This article proposes a model applied to this situation, referred to as a case of optimal speed under semi-elastic demand, for which containerised perishable product transport is sensitive to time, while frozen and dry products are not. It investigates if slow steaming is still optimal when working to maximise the total profit on the cycle. In order to demonstrate the proposed model, a numerical application is carried out for a direct Northern Europe to East Coast of South America container service, a route selected due to the high volume of fresh products. For this application, the speed that maximises the total profit with inelastic and semi-elastic demand is then estimated for several bunker fuel prices. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Cariou P.,Euromed Management |
Cheaitou A.,Euromed Management |
Cheaitou A.,University of Sharjah
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment | Year: 2012
In the fight to reduce CO 2 emissions from international shipping, a bunker-levy is currently under consideration at the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Faced with the inability of the IMO to reach an agreement in the short term, the European Commission is now contemplating a unilateral measure of a speed limit for all ships entering European Union (EU) ports. This paper argues that this measure is counterproductive for two reasons. Firstly, because it may ultimately generate more emissions and incur a cost per ton of CO 2 which is more than society is willing to pay. Secondly, because it is sub-optimal compared to results obtained if an international bunker-levy was to be implemented. These elements are illustrated using two direct transatlantic services operated in 2010. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.