Euro Mediterranean Biomedical Scientific Institute

Brindisi, Italy

Euro Mediterranean Biomedical Scientific Institute

Brindisi, Italy
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Piscitelli P.,IOS Coleman Ltd | Neglia C.,Euro Mediterranean Biomedical Scientific Institute | Falco A.,IOS Coleman Ltd | Rivezzi M.,IOS Coleman Ltd | And 9 more authors.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health | Year: 2015

Objective: To assess the burden of regional environmental factors influencing the incidence of Melanoma in the Italian population and overcome the problem of partial population coverage by local cancer registries and thematic archives. Methods: We analyzed the Italian national hospitalization records from 2001 to 2008 provided by the Ministry of Health, excluding hospital re-admissions of the same patients, in order to assess the occurrence of Melanoma over a 8-year period. Data were presented by age groups (absolute number of cases from 20 to ≥80 years old) and per Region (rates per 100,000 inhabitants) for each year. Results: The overall number of new hospitalizations due to malignant Melanoma increased by 16.8% from 2001 (n = 4846) to 2008 (n = 5823), with the rate per 100,000 inhabitants passing from 10.5 to almost 12.0 at a national level. The majority of new diagnoses of malignant Melanoma was observed in two age groups: 61–70 years old (from 979 in 2001 up to 2109 in 2008, corresponding to 15.1 and 18.1 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively) and 71–80 years old (from 954 in 2001 up to 1141 in 2008, corresponding to 19.5 and 21.8 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively). The number of hospitalizations due to Melanoma increased in all age groups with the only exception of the youngest patients aged 20–30 years old. The highest increases over the 8-year period were observed in people aged ≥81 years old (+34%), 61–70 years old (+20%) and surprisingly in the age group 31–40 years old (+17%). Southern Regions showed lower hospitalization rates compared to Northern Italy and Region Lazio. The highest increases between 2001 and 2008 were observed in Trentino/Alto Adige, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Valla d’Aosta and Veneto Region. Conclusions: Hospitalizations due to malignant Melanoma in Italy seem to be influenced by environmental or population-related factors showing a decreasing incidence rate from the Northern to Southern Regions. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


PubMed | IOS Coleman Ltd., University of Salento, University of Pisa, University of Naples Federico II and Euro Mediterranean Biomedical Scientific Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health | Year: 2015

To assess the burden of regional environmental factors influencing the incidence of Melanoma in the Italian population and overcome the problem of partial population coverage by local cancer registries and thematic archives.We analyzed the Italian national hospitalization records from 2001 to 2008 provided by the Ministry of Health, excluding hospital re-admissions of the same patients, in order to assess the occurrence of Melanoma over a 8-year period. Data were presented by age groups (absolute number of cases from 20 to 80 years old) and per Region (rates per 100,000 inhabitants) for each year.The overall number of new hospitalizations due to malignant Melanoma increased by 16.8% from 2001 (n = 4846) to 2008 (n = 5823), with the rate per 100,000 inhabitants passing from 10.5 to almost 12.0 at a national level. The majority of new diagnoses of malignant Melanoma was observed in two age groups: 61-70 years old (from 979 in 2001 up to 2109 in 2008, corresponding to 15.1 and 18.1 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively) and 71-80 years old (from 954 in 2001 up to 1141 in 2008, corresponding to 19.5 and 21.8 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively). The number of hospitalizations due to Melanoma increased in all age groups with the only exception of the youngest patients aged 20-30 years old. The highest increases over the 8-year period were observed in people aged 81 years old (+34%), 61-70 years old (+20%) and surprisingly in the age group 31-40 years old (+17%). Southern Regions showed lower hospitalization rates compared to Northern Italy and Region Lazio. The highest increases between 2001 and 2008 were observed in Trentino/Alto Adige, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Valla dAosta and Veneto Region.Hospitalizations due to malignant Melanoma in Italy seem to be influenced by environmental or population-related factors showing a decreasing incidence rate from the Northern to Southern Regions.


Neglia C.,Euro Mediterranean Biomedical Scientific Institute | Agnello N.,Euro Mediterranean Biomedical Scientific Institute | Argentiero A.,Euro Mediterranean Biomedical Scientific Institute | Chitano G.,Euro Mediterranean Biomedical Scientific Institute | And 10 more authors.
Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents | Year: 2014

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a higher risk of fractures even in presence of normal or increased bone mineral density. The purpose of this three-year longitudinal study was to evaluate the risk of osteoporotic fractures by assessing the changes of Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) parameters in a group of postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared with non-diabetic controls. The measurements were taken on a group of 18 postmenopausal women affected by T2DM and 18 healthy age-matched controls, aged 55-70 years, referring to the Osteolab laboratory at the ISBEM Research Institute (Brindisi, Italy) between 2009 and 2013. Subjects had baseline and 3-year follow-up measurements with phalangeal QUS carried out by a DBM Sonic Bone Profiler 1200 (Igea®); medical history, current drug therapies and risk factors for fractures were recorded for each patient. The analyzed phalangeal QUS parameters were Amplitude-Dependent Speed of Sound (AD-SoS), Bone Transmission Time (BTT), Fast Wave Amplitude (FWA) and Signal Dynamic (SDy). At the baseline visit we found no statistically significant difference between T2DM and non-diabetic patients when looking at phalangeal QUS parameters. At the three-year follow-up visit, a significantly higher decrease of both BTT (P<0.001) and AD-SoS (P<0.001) parameters was found in the T2DM group. On the contrary, the decrease of FWA was significantly higher in non-diabetic controls (P<0.001). Our data confirm the ability of phalangeal QUS to detect differences in the risk of osteoporotic fractures in T2DM postmenopausal women compared to non-diabetic controls. The study suggests that T2DM women present a higher cortical porosity and increased trabecular bone density compared to non-diabetic controls, respectively shown by the higher decrease of both AD-SoS and BTT and the lower decrease of FWA.

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