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Chalcarz W.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University | Merkiel S.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University | Marzecka A.,Gabriel Narutowicz City Specialist Hospital | Godyn-Swedziol R.,Gabriel Narutowicz City Specialist Hospital
New Medicine | Year: 2012

Aim. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge about nutritional prevention of diet-related diseases in pregnant women from Kraków. Material and methods. Questionnaires on the knowledge about nutritional prevention of diet-related diseases were filled in by 115 pregnant women who were admitted to Gabriel Narutowicz City Specialist Hospital in Kraków. Statistical analysis was carried out by means of the IBM SPSS Statistics 19. The studied population was divided according to the trimester of pregnancy. Results. Statistically significant differences were found for the answers to question whether decreasing food intake may prevent obesity. All women in the first trimester of pregnancy knew the correct answer to this question, whereas the percentages of correct answers given by the women in the second and the third trimester were 73.1% and 66.7%, respectively. Conclusions. The studied pregnant women, irrespective of the trimester of pregnancy, were characterised by a high level of knowledge about nutritional prevention of diet-related diseases. Most probably, such a high level of knowledge in this field is the result of spreading in the mass media the information about the importance of nutritional factors in diet-related diseases prevention. © Borgis. Source


Merkiel S.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University | Chalcarz W.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University
International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to assess physical fitness in 6- to 7-yr-old children and determine if there is any relationship between children's physical fitness, their urine iodine status, and their body-mass index (BMI). The studied population included 121 children from southern Poland. Physical fitness was measured using a physical fitness test for children age 3-7 yr. Urinary iodine concentrations were measured in the children's first urine output on waking using the modified PAMM (Program Against Micronutrient Malnutrition) method. Body height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. The subjects were characterized by low physical fitness. Boys obtained better results in agility, power, and strength exercises (p ≤ .05). In girls, 11 correlation coefficients between the scores obtained in the physical fitness test, urinary iodine, and anthropometric measures were statistically significant, and in boys, only 2. BMI correlated positively with agility in girls and with strength in girls and boys. Our study revealed low physical fitness in Polish 6- to 7-yr-old children, which shows the need to implement programs aimed at increasing their physical activity. The relationship found between physical fitness and urine iodine status in girls indicates that future research in this area is needed. © 2011 Human Kinetics, Inc. Source


Merkiel S.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University | Chalcarz W.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University
New Medicine | Year: 2014

Aim. The aim was to analyse selected indices of health status in 6-year-old children and their families from southern Poland. Material and methods. The studied population comprised 120 six-year-old children, 64 girls and 56 boys, who attended the last grade in the preschools in Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. The children's parents filled in questionnaires on selected indices of health status of the children and their families. Statistical analysis was carried out by means of the IBM SPSS Statistics 21 computer programme. The studied population was divided according to gender. Results. Boys were characterised by statistically significantly higher birth weight than girls, 3.5 kg and 3.3 kg, respectively. Most children, 78.0%, took vitamin and mineral supplements, and substantial percentages of the children took medicines and suffered from food allergies or other allergies, 22.9%, 10.4% and 14.7%, respectively. Substantial percentages of parents informed that there were diet-related diseases in the studied children's families: myocardial infarction was reported by 20.2% of parents, obesity - by 21.8% of parents, whereas diabetes - by 32.8% of parents. Conclusions. The prevalence of food allergies and other allergies in the studied 6-year-old children shows the need to spread the knowledge on allergy prevention in the society, especially among future parents. The prevalence of diet-related diseases in the families of the studied children shows the need to educate parents on the principles of nutrition in the prevention of these diseases and about the role of daily physical activity in preventing diet-related diseases. Source


Merkiel S.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University | Chalcarz W.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University
New Medicine | Year: 2014

Aim. The aim of this study was to analyse motor skills in preschoolers from Piła and to investigate sports equipment owned by the children as well as their parents' attitude towards physical activity. Material and methods. Parents of 165 preschoolers from Piła filled in questionnaires on their children's motor skills, involvement of family members and other persons in teaching the children motor skills, sports equipment owned by the children and their own attitude towards physical activity, including parents' attitude towards their children's physical activity and parents' physical activity. Statistical analysis was performed by the IBM SPSS Statistics 21 computer programme. Results. Gender had statistically significant influence on the percentages of children who had the skill of skating, rollerblading and skipping a rope, and who owned a skipping rope. Gender had also statistically significant influence on parents' answers to the question whether their children's physical activity at preschool was sufficient. Conclusions. It seems that the low percentages of physically active parents along with the low percentages of parents who stated that their knowledge of the role of physical activity in child's development was sufficient may be one of the main causes of their children's low level of physical activity. Lack of the preschool staff's involvement in teaching the children motor skills is highly unfavourable. It is indispensable to work out, as soon as possible, an education programme for preschoolers' parents and preschool staff, as well as for the local authorities, focused on the possibilities of increasing preschool children's physical activity. Source


Kusy K.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University | Zielinski J.,Eugeniusz Piasecki University
Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews | Year: 2015

So far, aging studies have concentrated on endurance athletes. Master sprint-trained athletes were not the main focus of attention. We propose the novel hypothesis that the sprint model of lifelong physical training that involves high-intensity exercise is at least as beneficial as moderate-intensity endurance exercise for successful aging. © 2014 by the American College of Sports Medicine. Source

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