Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering

Pavia, Italy

Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering

Pavia, Italy
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Di Meo A.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Faravelli M.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Polli D.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Denari M.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | And 2 more authors.
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2017

This paper describes a web interface with GIS functionality (Web-GIS) that Eucentre (EUropean CENtre for Training and Research in Earthquake engineering) developed for SASPARM 2.0 (Support Action for Strengthening PAlestine capabilities for seismic Risk Mitigation) project [1]. The SASPARM 2.0 WebGIS is a simple and intuitive platform intended for people with different backgrounds, such as citizens, students, practitioners, governmental and non-governmental institutions. The final aim of the implemented WebGIS application is to calculate the seismic risk of residential buildings. Nablus has been taken as case study to demonstrate, implement, and calibrate project actions. To calculate the seismic risk, residential buildings data are collected. Such activity can be conducted by both practitioners and citizens who compile two standard forms that differ from each other only in terms of detail. The survey forms can be compiled directly on WebGIS, at the dedicated tabs, or through two mobile apps designed for the purpose. All filled forms are shown on the homepage map of the WebGIS platform. Starting from the collected data, the seismic risk of each single building is evaluated by combining the hazard and the vulnerability with its exposure. In particular, the seismic demand to which each building is subjected to is defined from the hazard curve. In the specific case study of Nablus, the hazard curve is obtained by referring to “West Bank and Gaza Strip: Seismic Hazard Map Distribution”. The structural vulnerability, instead, is quantified through fragility curves calculated with the mechanical method SP-BELA (Simplified Pushover-Based Earthquake Loss Assessment), modified to represent the building environment of Nablus. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.


Marazzi F.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra | Politopoulos I.,CEA Saclay Nuclear Research Center | Pavese A.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Pavese A.,University of Pavia
Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering | Year: 2012

The activities carried out in the framework of the FP7 project EFAST (design study of a European Facility for Advanced Seismic Testing) are highlighted. The objective is to determine the general characteristics of a new European world class facility for seismic testing. To this end, the demands for testing necessary to support the modern earthquake engineering research have been investigated and compared to the current capabilities of laboratories in Europe. The performance objectives and the requirements of the facility are therefore established. On the basis of the needs assessment and taking into account the technological advances in experimental techniques and equipment (hardware and software) for seismic testing, a modern facility for experimental seismic research should comprise, mainly, an array of high performance shaking tables and a large reaction structure where both traditional (pseudo-static/dynamic) and innovative testing techniques (e.g. real-time hybrid testing) can be applied and combined. A tentative layout of the facility is proposed and issues related to its optimal utilization are discussed. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012.


Magenes G.,University of Pavia | Curone D.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Secco E.L.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Bonfiglio A.,University of Cagliari
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS | Year: 2011

The ProeTEX project introduced for the first time a complete set of smart garments integrating sensors for the physiological and environmental monitoring of emergency operators. These smart garments have been deeply tested in emergency-like contexts by professional rescuers, in order to assess real-time acquisition, processing and transmission of data from moving subjects while operating in harsh conditions. Here we report an overview of the main results obtained during field trials performed in 2010 by Italian and French professional firefighters, in specialized training centers, while dressing the ProeTEX prototypes. Results clearly demonstrate the benefit and step forward of such a system in order to monitor and coordinate rescuers even during intervention far away from the emergency headquarter. © 2011 IEEE.


Lunghi F.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Pavese A.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Pavese A.,University of Pavia | Peloso S.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | And 2 more authors.
Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering | Year: 2012

In combination with standard transducers and data acquisition systems, computer vision can be adopted in order to perform the analysis of the behaviour of structures during dynamic tests such as earthquake simulations on shake tables. The paper describes the design and implementation of a machine vision system aimed at providing bi-dimensional position measurement of reflective markers directly placed on test specimens. The developed solution is composed of a scalable set of acquisition units, each consisting of a high definition digital camera and a personal computer. A sequence of images is acquired by the cameras and the position of the markers in the scene is estimated by means of a software application running on the computers. Each unit can perform measurements in a single plane which is defined in a previous calibration phase. The method has many advantages over the most commonly used acquisition devices such as accelerometers and potentiometers: first, the absence of contact between the acquisition device and the tested structure, which allows the non-invasive deployment of an arbitrary number of measurement targets, which is even more important in destructive tests, for preventing the loss of expensive transducers; second, the direct calculation of the position of an object in length units, without the need of post processing like integration and conversion, as required when using accelerometers in shake table tests. Besides, in the selected plane, thanks to the adoption of infrared illumination and filters to reduce environmental lighting interferences, each unit can follow the movements of a large number of markers (up to 50 for each camera in the performed tests) with a precision of around 0.05 mm. On the other hand, the method is by itself unable to overcome problems deriving from the three-dimensional movement of the selected markers. The paper also explains the different approaches and the corresponding results obtained while solving this issue. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012.


Peloso S.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Pavese A.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering | Pavese A.,University of Pavia | Casarotti C.,Eucentre European Center for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering
Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering | Year: 2012

Italian awareness about the seismic vulnerability of its building stock dramatically increased after two earthquakes hit the nation: Umbria-Marche earthquake (1997) and Molise earthquake (2002). These two seismic events caused important losses in terms of human life as well as to the economic and artistic wealth. From here the decision to take important actions aiming to the reduction of the national seismic risk: creation of a new seismic zonation of Italy; adoption of a new seismic code; foundation of a research center on earthquake engineering. The paper reviews the development of Eucentre Foundation (European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering) and its experimental laboratory TREES Lab (Laboratory for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering and Seismology). A brief description of the experimental facilities at TREES Lab is reported, describing the principal characteristics of Shaking Table, Bearing Tester System, Reaction Wall- Strong Floor Structure and Mobile Unit. Furthermore, an introduction to some past and current research projects is given to explain what can be done exploiting the capabilities of the TREES Lab facility. Finally, the experimental activities within the SERIES (Seismic Engineering Research Infrastructures for European Synergies) project are described. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012.

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