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Baik Y.O.,Eubiologics Co. | Baik Y.O.,Korea University | Choi S.K.,Eubiologics Co. | Choi S.K.,Korea University | And 13 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2015

Background: Currently, there are two oral cholera vaccines (OCV) that are prequalified by the World Health Organization. Both (Dukoral and Shanchol) have been proven to be safe, immunogenic, and effective. As the global supply of OCV remains limited, we assessed the safety and immunogenicity of a new low cost, killed, bivalent OCV (Euvichol) in the Philippines. Methods: The randomized controlled trial was carried out in healthy Filipino adults and children. Two doses of either the current WHO prequalified OCV (Shanchol) or the same composition OCV being considered for WHO prequalification (Euvichol) were administered to participants. Results: The pivotal study was conducted in total of 1263 healthy participants (777 adults and 486 children). No serious adverse reactions were elicited in either vaccine groups. Vibriocidal antibody responses to V. cholerae O1 Inaba following administration of two doses of Euvichol were non-inferior to those of Shanchol in adults (82% vs 76%) and children (87% vs 89%). Similar findings were observed for O1 Ogawa in adults (80% vs 74%) and children (91% vs 88%). Conclusion: A two dose schedule with Euvichol induces a strong vibriocidal response comparable to those elicited by the currently WHO prequalified OCV, Shanchol. Euvichol will be an oral cholera vaccine suitable for use in lower income countries, where cholera still has a significant economic and public health impact. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Baek Y.-O.,Eubiologics Co. | Choi S.-K.,Eubiologics Co. | Shin S.-H.,Research South, Inc. | Koo K.-H.,Research South, Inc. | And 11 more authors.
Toxicological Research | Year: 2012

The present study was carried out to examine the toxicity and target organs of oral cholera vaccine (OCV) after repeated oral administration in Sprague-Dawley rats for 6 weeks (3 administrations, once every 2 weeks). OCV is an inactivated oral cholera vaccine that contains Vibrio cholerae and confers protection against cholera caused by V. cholera serogroups O1 (Inaba and Ogawa serotypes) and O139 (strain 4260B). The animals were orally administered either OCV placebo (negative control) or OCV at a dose equivalent to 240 times the anticipated human dose. Throughout the administration period, no significant change was detected in clinical signs, body weight, food or water consumption, urinalysis results, hematological and clinical biochemistry test results, organ weights, necropsy, or histopathological examination results. Minor changes were found in hematological and clinical biochemistry tests; however, these changes were within normal ranges. The above results suggest that oral administration of OCV in rats did not induce any toxicologically meaningful changes, and the target organs could not be determined. This study was conducted in accordance with the guidelines established by Good Laboratory Practice (2009-183, KFDA, December 22, 2009) and the OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice (1997).

Baik Y.O.,Eubiologics Co. | Choi S.K.,Eubiologics Co. | Kim J.W.,Chungnam National University | Yang J.S.,Korean International Vaccine Institute | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Korean Medical Science | Year: 2014

The safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of an oral cholera vaccine (OCV) was assessed in adult Korean male through an open-label, non-comparative clinical study. Two doses of vaccine with an interval of 2 weeks were given to 20 healthy subjects. A total of 7 adverse events occurred in 6 subjects. However, no clinically significant change was observed in electrocardiograms, vital signs, physical examinations, and clinical laboratory tests. The immunogenicity of OCV was evaluated by serum vibriocidal assay where anti-Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 antibodies were measured at day 0, 14, and 28 of vaccine administration. The antibody titers ranged from <2.5-5,120 for V. cholerae O1 Inaba, <2.5-10,240 for V. cholerae O1 Ogawa and <2.5-480 for V. cholerae O139. In addition, the fold increase in antibody titers ranged from 1-4,096 for O1 Inaba, 1-8,192 for O1 Ogawa, and 1-384 for O139. The seroconversion rate was 95% and 45% for O1 and O139 antibodies, respectively. Our study clearly shows that administration of two doses of OCV at a 2 week-interval increases an appropriate level of antibody titer in the serum of healthy Korean adult males (Clinical Trial Number, NCT01707537). © 2014 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.

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