Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania

Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania

Cluj-Napoca, Romania

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Bratu I.,A-D Technologies | Marutoiu C.,Babes - Bolyai University | Moldovan Z.,A-D Technologies | Marutoiu V.C.,Babes - Bolyai University | And 3 more authors.
Revista de Chimie | Year: 2015

The Saint Elijah's glass icon was investigated by FTIR and mass spectrometry methods for identifying the painting materials in order to preserve and restore it. The glass icon was realized in fatty tempera with egg yolk and vegetal oil was used as binder. The painting materials are as follows: red (lead minium), blue (Prussian blue), green (Prussian blue+ massicot), white (ZnO and lead white), yellow (massicot lead yellow, PbO), gypsum and Ca carbonate as color diluents.


PubMed | University of Art and Design Cluj-Napoca, Research Institute for Analytical Instrumentation, Babes - Bolyai University, Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy | Year: 2015

Cultural heritage objects have a major contribution to the historical patrimony of every country. In Romania, wooden churches are famous, they are mostly dated in between the XVth and XXth century, but unfortunately many of them have been destroyed, by natural or anthropic means. Therefore, the necessity of conservation and restoration has appeared, to the ones that still exist, as legacy for the future generations. In the present article, an Imperial Gate from a wooden church in Cluj County, Romania, has been investigated, using scientific techniques (FTIR and XRF). A 3D reconstruction has been performed, using similar colors with the original artwork, as resulted from the scientific investigation of the painting materials. A limited number of constituent materials have been used for this artwork, and the wood species used was lime, due to the ease of carving.


Marutoiua C.,Babes - Bolyai University | Troan L.,Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania | Toader V.-D.,Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania | Moldovan Z.,A-D Technologies | And 3 more authors.
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia | Year: 2013

The processional flag is a cult object belonging to the churches. Nowadays, as well as it was in the past, the flag is carried by people, preceeding the religious processions; it is used on the occasion of bringing icons and holy relics from one place to another; the flag is also used at different ceremonial moments and at funerals. The Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania owns 10 processional flags in various conservation stages. Pigment samples were taken and we present the result of the samples expertise achieved by using the FTIR spectrometry, X-Ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the processional flag with the inventory number 8254. The results will be used to recommend several correct conservation and preservation methods.


Moldovan Z.,Romanian Institute of Isotopic And Molecular Technology | Bratu I.,Romanian Institute of Isotopic And Molecular Technology | Marutoiu C.,Babes - Bolyai University | Kacso I.,Romanian Institute of Isotopic And Molecular Technology | And 4 more authors.
Analytical Letters | Year: 2016

Here is reported the characterization of a religious art object from Transylvania. The object is a wooden icon named Circumcision and represents scenes from the Old Testament and is from the Rebrişoara wooden church, Bistriţa County. It was painted in the eighteenth century by unknown artists. The object has some degradation, and the wooden background has some fungal and/or xylophagous damage. The wood was determined to be lime, and its condition was characterized by infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. The presence of oxalate was caused by wood decay. The paint was characterized by X-ray fluorescence and infrared spectroscopy to include gypsum, aliphatic, an egg yolk degradation product, lead carbonate, and lead-minium. The binder was characterized by direct introduction-mass spectrometry to contain paraffin, fatty acids, and cholesteryl ester. © 2016, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Bratu I.,Romanian Institute of Isotopic And Molecular Technology | Marutoiu C.,Babes - Bolyai University | Trosan L.,Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania | Moldovan Z.,Romanian Institute of Isotopic And Molecular Technology | And 2 more authors.
Revue Roumaine de Chimie | Year: 2014

A triptych icon from the 18th century from Moeciu de Sus village, Braşov County, Roumania was investigated by physical-chemical destructive methods: Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Electron Impact Mass Spectrometric Techniques (EI-MS), as well as thermal analysis by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). There were identified: gypsum as ground, pigments from the painting layer (white, red and blue), binder (egg yolk for painting layer) and animal glue for ground and as varnish conifer resin. The triptych wooden support is lime (as being identified by FTIR and DSC techniques). The icon oldness was confirmed by the presence of Prussian blue, by the increasing of wood lignin/cellulose ratio and of the amorphous content of cellulose structure. (Figure Presented). © 2014, Editions de l'Academie Republique Populaire. All rights reserved.


Bratu I.,A-D Technologies | Moldovan Z.,A-D Technologies | Kacso I.,A-D Technologies | Marutoiu C.,Babes - Bolyai University | And 2 more authors.
Revista de Chimie | Year: 2013

In order to preserve a wooden icon belonging to the Transylvanian Ethnographic Museum collection the scientific expertise of the wooden support and of the picture materials (ground, pigments, binder and varnish) used for the "Virgin Mary with the Child" and "Diptych" diptych icons (8228 inventory number) was performed by FTIR spectroscopy, EI-MS spectrometry and DSC thermal analysis. FTIR spectroscopy and DSC methods offer information about the wooden support whereas EI MS and FTIR methods were employed for binder, varnish and pigments structural characterization. These structural data can be correlated with the artistic, theological and historical analysis of this religious patrimony object.

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