Eszterhazy Karoly University

Eger, Hungary

Eszterhazy Karoly University

Eger, Hungary
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Nemes L.,Eszterhazy Karoly University
Lege Artis Medicinae | Year: 2016

In this paper we examine the very possibility of integrating philosophical discussion groups into the practice of community psychiatry as a kind of therapeutic community. We summarize the history of the café-philo movement, the conception, methods and goals of the philosophical café. I present a detailed report on the experiences about the philosophical cafés going on at the Awakenings Foundation on a weekly basis for two years. I suggest group philosophy discussion as a useful additional form of activities usual in psychiatric rehabilitation.

Sega M.,University of Vienna | Fabian B.,Budapest University of Technology and Economics | Fabian B.,University of Burgundy | Horvai G.,Budapest University of Technology and Economics | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2016

The tangential pressure profile has been calculated across the liquid-vapor interface of five molecular liquids, i.e., CCl4, acetone, acetonitrile, methanol, and water, in molecular dynamics simulations using a recently developed method. Because the value of the surface tension is directly related to the integral of this profile, the obtained results can be interpreted in terms of the distribution of the surface tension along the interface normal, both as a function of distance, either from the Gibbs dividing surface or from the capillary wave corrugated real, intrinsic liquid surface, and also in a layerwise manner. The obtained results show that the surface tension is distributed in a 1-2 nm wide range along the interface normal, and at least 85% of its value comes from the first molecular layer of the liquid in every case. The remaining, roughly 10% contribution comes from the second layer, with the exception of methanol, in which the entire surface tension can be accounted for by the first molecular layer. Contributions of the third and subsequent molecular layers are found to be already negligible in every case. (Graph Presented). © 2016 American Chemical Society.

Sumi I.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | Picaud S.,University of Burgundy | Jedlovszky P.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | Jedlovszky P.,Budapest University of Technology and Economics
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2017

The adsorption behavior of three chlorinated methane derivative molecules, CH3Cl, CHCl3, and CCl4, is investigated at the (0001) surface of Ih ice at the tropospheric temperature of 200 K by means of grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations. This study completes our earlier investigations concerning the adsorption of CH4, CH2Cl2, and fluorinated methane derivatives. Our results show that neither CHCl3 nor CCl4 exhibits any adsorption. This complete lack of adsorption is attributed to the interplay of the very strong cohesion acting between the adsorbate molecules, and their relatively weak interaction with the ice phase. By contrast, CH3Cl does exhibit a noticeable adsorption on ice, and the adsorbed molecules prefer to turn toward the ice surface by their H atoms, forming weak, C-H⋯·O-type hydrogen bonds with surface waters. The lateral (i.e., adsorbate-adsorbate) contribution to the total interaction energy of the adsorbed molecules is always considerably larger (in magnitude) than in the case of the corresponding fluorinated analogues, making also the total adsorption energy lower for the chlorinated molecules than for their fluorinated counterpart. As a consequence of this strong attraction between the chlorinated adsorbate molecules, their condensation occurs at lower chemical potential (and, hence, pressure) values than that of the fluorinated analogues, which prevents the formation or completion of the adsorption layer of the chlorinated molecules. © 2017 American Chemical Society.

Sega M.,University of Vienna | Fabian B.,University of Burgundy | Fabian B.,Budapest University of Technology and Economics | Jedlovszky P.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | Jedlovszky P.,Budapest University of Technology and Economics
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters | Year: 2017

Surface tension, the tendency of fluid interfaces to behave elastically and minimize their surface, is routinely calculated as the difference between the lateral and normal components of the pressure or, invoking isotropy in momentum space, of the virial tensor. Here we show that the anisotropy of the kinetic energy tensor close to a liquid-vapor interface can be responsible for a large part of its surface tension (about 15% for water, independent from temperature). © 2017 American Chemical Society.

Sass-Gyarmati A.,Eszterhazy Karoly University
Cryptogamie, Bryologie | Year: 2017

Bazzania konratiana sp. nov. is described from Mananara Nord Biosphere Reserve and National Park. The new species was collected from a wet lowland rainforest where annual rainfall reaches 3500 mm. It differs from the similar Bazzania approximata Onraedt, an endemic species from Seychelles, in its overall larger size, the thick-walled leaf cells with large bulging trigones and proportion of hyaline and chlorophyllose cells in the underleaves. © 2017 Adac. Tous droits réservés.

Szcs P.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | Penzes-Konya E.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | Hofmann T.,University of Sopron
Cryptogamie, Bryologie | Year: 2017

The objective of the present work was the evaluation of the bryophyte flora diversity of the Hungarian village Almásfüzit and the adjacent industrial zone. The investigated area was divided into 6 sections depending on the human influence. Altogether 82 taxa (3 liverworts and 79 mosses) were recorded. The low proportion of liverwort species could be primarily explained by the moderately dry climate of the region, and by the fact that the village of Almásfüzit does not have any historical districts, and old buildings, thus the proportion of new artificial surfaces is relatively high. The bryophyte flora of Almásfüzit shows the greatest similarity with that of nearby Middle-European metropolises (Linz, Bratislava and Vienna), which was primarily explained by the presence of common and frequent species. © 2017 Adac. Tous droits réservés.

Koltay T.,Eszterhazy Karoly University
Journal of Documentation | Year: 2017

Purpose: The complex phenomenon of information overload (IO) is one of the pathologies in our present information environment, thus symbolically it signalizes the existence of a dark side of information. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the approaches on mitigating IO. Hence, it is an attempt to display the bright side. Design/methodology/approach: Based on a literature review, the sources of IO are briefly presented, not forgetting about the role of information technology and the influence of the data-intensive world. The main attention is given to the possible ways of mitigating IO. Findings: It is underlined that there are both technological and social approaches towards easing the symptoms of IO. While reducing IO by increasing search task delegation is a far away goal, solutions emerge when information is properly designed and tools of information architecture are applied to enable findability. A wider range of coping strategies is available when we interact with information. The imperative of being critical against information by exercising critical thinking and critical reading yields results if different, discipline-dependent literacies, first of all information literacy and data literacy are acquired and put into operation, slow principles are followed and personal information management (PIM) tools are applied. Originality/value: The paper intends to be an add-on to the recent discussions and the evolving body of knowledge about the relationship between IO and information architecture, various literacies and PIM. © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.

Sega M.,University of Vienna | Hantal G.,University of Vienna | Hantal G.,Eszterhazy Karoly University
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics | Year: 2017

Partially miscible solutions can represent a challenge from the computer simulation standpoint, especially if the mutual solubility of the components is so large that their concentrations do not change much from one phase to another. In this case, identifying which molecules belong to which phase becomes a complicated task. Here, we propose a density-based clustering approach with self-tuning capabilities and apply it to the case of the mixture of an ionic liquid with benzene. The almost linear scaling of the algorithm makes it suitable for the analysis of long Molecular Dynamics or Monte Carlo trajectories. © the Owner Societies 2017.

Latif R.,University of Tehran | Malek M.,University of Tehran | Csuzdi C.,Eszterhazy Karoly University
European Journal of Soil Biology | Year: 2017

Recent studies have indicated the presence of high cryptic diversity in some clitellate species. Eisenia fetida/andrei is an earthworm species complex that is commonly used in ecotoxicological assays, where undetected differences in contaminant responses between cryptic lineages may lead to confusing or misleading results. Furthermore, because of the key role that earthworm species play in the soil ecosystem, a better understanding of cryptic diversity is necessary to investigate if divergent lineages play different roles within their environments. This can be a serious problem for the reliability of the standard ecotoxicological tests. Traditional earthworm (Annelida, Clitellata: Megadrili) classifications have been mainly built using morphological characters. However, due to the limited number of diagnostic external features, morphological differences alone sometimes do not allow correct identification, especially for sibling taxa which are morphologically similar and whose requirements, overall reproductive performances, and life cycles do not differ significantly. In this study we have demonstrated that the classical morphological distinction between E. fetida and E. andrei does not fit with their phylogenetic structure and we have confirmed that the Eisenia fetida/andrei complex consists of two cryptic sibling species. We have also evaluated the distribution of this species complex according to some scale ecological inferences. © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS

Singh S.K.,Eastern Regional Center | Pocs T.,Eszterhazy Karoly University
Cryptogamie, Bryologie | Year: 2016

Cololejeunea indica Pandé & Misra (Lejeuneaceae: Marchantiophyta) previously treated as a synonym of C. spinosa (Horik.) Pandé & Misra, is reinstated as a distinct species. It is characterised by a 4-celled, elongate vitta accompanied by basal ocelli and the presence of a single-celled stylus. Cololejeunea planiflora Benedix is a new synonym of Cololejeunea indica. A detailed description is provided, based on new and recent collections of this species from Mizoram. © 2016 Adac. Tous droits réservés.

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