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Nemes L.,Eszterhazy Karoly University
Lege Artis Medicinae | Year: 2016

In this paper we examine the very possibility of integrating philosophical discussion groups into the practice of community psychiatry as a kind of therapeutic community. We summarize the history of the café-philo movement, the conception, methods and goals of the philosophical café. I present a detailed report on the experiences about the philosophical cafés going on at the Awakenings Foundation on a weekly basis for two years. I suggest group philosophy discussion as a useful additional form of activities usual in psychiatric rehabilitation.


PubMed | University of Veterinary Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Eszterhazy Karoly University and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016

In this study 308 ticks (Ixodes ariadnae: 26 larvae, 14 nymphs, five females; I. vespertilionis: 89 larvae, 27 nymphs, eight females; I. simplex: 80 larvae, 50 nymphs, nine females) have been collected from 200 individuals of 17 bat species in two countries, Hungary and Romania. After DNA extraction these ticks were molecularly analysed for the presence of piroplasm DNA. In Hungary I. ariadnae was most frequently identified from bat species in the family Vespertilionidae, whereas I. vespertilionis was associated with Rhinolophidae. Ixodes ariadnae was not found in Romania. Four, four and one new bat host species of I. ariadnae, I. vespertilionis and I. simplex were identified, respectively. DNA sequences of piroplasms were detected in 20 bat ticks (15 larvae, four nymphs and one female). I. simplex carried piroplasm DNA sequences significantly more frequently than I. vespertilionis. In I. ariadnae only Babesia vesperuginis DNA was detected, whereas in I. vespertilionis sequences of both B. vesperuginis and B. crassa. From I. simplex the DNA of B. canis, Theileria capreoli, T. orientalis and Theileria sp. OT3 were amplified, as well as a shorter sequence of the zoonotic B. venatorum. Bat ticks are not known to infest dogs or ruminants, i.e. typical hosts and reservoirs of piroplasms molecularly identified in I. vespertilionis and I. simplex. Therefore, DNA sequences of piroplasms detected in these bat ticks most likely originated from the blood of their respective bat hosts. This may indicate either that bats are susceptible to a broader range of piroplasms than previously thought, or at least the DNA of piroplasms may pass through the gut barrier of bats during digestion of relevant arthropod vectors. In light of these findings, the role of bats in the epidemiology of piroplasmoses deserves further investigation.


Szentirmai V.,University of Szeged | Szori M.,University of Szeged | Szori M.,University of Miskolc | Picaud S.,University of Burgundy | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2016

A series of 41 Monte Carlo simulations are performed in the grand canonical ensemble at 200 K to determine the adsorption isotherm and study in detail the adsorption of methylamine at the surface of Ih ice. The adsorption isotherm exhibits a plateau, corresponding to the saturated adsorption monolayer, in a broad range of chemical potentials and pressures. However, even this part of the adsorption isotherm deviates noticeably from the Langmuir shape. Shortly before condensation of methylamine occurs outer molecular layers also start building up. The remarkable stability of the adsorption monolayer is caused by the interplay of the hydrogen-bonding interaction between the adsorbed methylamine and surface water molecules and the dipolar interaction between neighboring adsorbed methylamines. As a consequence, the adsorbed methylamine molecules exhibit a rich orientational distribution relative to the ice surface, and the adsorption is accompanied by rather large energy change. © 2016 American Chemical Society.


Sega M.,University of Vienna | Fabian B.,University of Burgundy | Fabian B.,Budapest University of Technology and Economics | Jedlovszky P.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation | Year: 2016

The importance of calculating pressure profiles across liquid interfaces is increasingly gaining recognition, and efficient methods for the calculation of long-range contributions are fundamental in addressing systems with a large number of charges. Here, we show how to compute the local pressure contribution for mesh-based Ewald methods, retaining the typical N log N scaling as a function of the lattice nodes N. This is a considerable improvement on existing methods, which include approximating the electrostatic contribution using a large cutoff and the, much slower, Ewald calculation. As an application, we calculate the contribution to the pressure profile across the water/vapor interface, coming from different molecular layers, both including and removing the effect of thermal capillary waves. We compare the total pressure profile with the one obtained using the cutoff approximation for the calculation of the stresses, showing that the stress distributions obtained using the Harasima and Irving-Kirkwood path are quite similar and shifted with respect to each other at most 0.05 nm. © 2016 American Chemical Society.


PubMed | University of Vienna, University of Burgundy and Eszterhazy Karoly University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of chemical theory and computation | Year: 2016

The importance of calculating pressure profiles across liquid interfaces is increasingly gaining recognition, and efficient methods for the calculation of long-range contributions are fundamental in addressing systems with a large number of charges. Here, we show how to compute the local pressure contribution for mesh-based Ewald methods, retaining the typical N log N scaling as a function of the lattice nodes N. This is a considerable improvement on existing methods, which include approximating the electrostatic contribution using a large cutoff and the, much slower, Ewald calculation. As an application, we calculate the contribution to the pressure profile across the water/vapor interface, coming from different molecular layers, both including and removing the effect of thermal capillary waves. We compare the total pressure profile with the one obtained using the cutoff approximation for the calculation of the stresses, showing that the stress distributions obtained using the Harasima and Irving-Kirkwood path are quite similar and shifted with respect to each other at most 0.05 nm.


PubMed | Servicing and Trading Ltd Liability Company, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Eszterhazy Karoly University and Debrecen University
Type: | Journal: Acta microbiologica et immunologica Hungarica | Year: 2016

Morphological transitions of wild-type and oxidative stress-tolerant Candida albicans strains were followed in the RPMI-FBS culture medium at pH values and CO


Singh S.K.,Eastern Regional Center | Pocs T.,Eszterhazy Karoly University
Cryptogamie, Bryologie | Year: 2016

Cololejeunea indica Pandé & Misra (Lejeuneaceae: Marchantiophyta) previously treated as a synonym of C. spinosa (Horik.) Pandé & Misra, is reinstated as a distinct species. It is characterised by a 4-celled, elongate vitta accompanied by basal ocelli and the presence of a single-celled stylus. Cololejeunea planiflora Benedix is a new synonym of Cololejeunea indica. A detailed description is provided, based on new and recent collections of this species from Mizoram. © 2016 Adac. Tous droits réservés.


Csutoras C.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | Racz L.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | Racz K.,Egri Korona Winehouse Ltd. | Futo P.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | And 2 more authors.
Microchemical Journal | Year: 2013

The change of ochratoxin A (OTA) content during must fermentation processes in different white, rose and red must samples was investigated by the use of selected yeast strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae as starter cultures. Levels of OTA in wine must and lees were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with diode array detection (DAD). Due to the addition of yeast strains the OTA concentration of the liquid phase decreased by 73-90%, while in the lees it increased continuously during the 90 day long fermentation period. The removal efficiency of OTA increased in the following order: white < rose < red musts. The fermentation process and the life-circle of the yeast strains were not affected by the added amount of OTA. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Pocs T.,Eszterhazy Karoly University | Ochyra R.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Bednarek-Ochyra H.,Polish Academy of Sciences
Cryptogamie, Bryologie | Year: 2016

A taxonomic history of Lepidozia cupressina (Sw.) Lindenb. (Jungermannia cupressina Sw.) is presented and its diagnostic characters and variability in sub-Saharan Africa are thoroughly discussed. Three subspecies are currently distinguished in this region, namely subsp. cupressina, subsp. africana (Steph.) Pócs, stat. et comb. nov., which occurs in the East African Indian Ocean islands and in the Eastern Arc of continental East Africa, as well as on the island of St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean, and subsp. natalensis (Steph.) Pócs which is restricted to southern Africa. The other two subspecies, subsp. pinnata (Hook.) Pócs and subsp. quinquefida (Steph.) Pócs, are merged with the type subspecies of L. cupressina. A key to the recognition of the subspecies of L. cupressina is provided. Lepidozia chordulifera Taylor, a temperate species widely distributed in southern South America, is taxonomically assessed and some of its diagnostic traits are illustrated. It is considered to be conspecific with L. cupressina subsp. cupressina. Thanks to this taxonomic conclusion the range extension of L. cupressina in southern South America, including the Falkland Islands, is sanctioned and, additionally, distribution of this species is extended to subantarctic South Georgia and the northern maritime Antarctic. The current geographical range of L. cupressina is reviewed and mapped and it may be designated as a bipolar temperate species with numerous transitional stations in the tropical mountains. In the Southern Hemisphere L. cupressina is a typical Afro-American oreophyte. © 2016 Adac. Tous droits réservés.


PubMed | University of Kharkiv, Saga University, Lille University of Science and Technology and Eszterhazy Karoly University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The journal of physical chemistry. B | Year: 2016

Description of the local microscopic structure in ionic liquids (ILs) is a prerequisite to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the influence of the nature of ions on the properties of ILs. The local structure is mainly determined by the spatial arrangement of the nearest neighboring ions. Therefore, the main interaction patterns in ILs, such as cation-anion H-bond-like motifs, cation-cation alkyl tail aggregation, and ring stacking, were considered within the framework of the nearest-neighbor approach with respect to each particular interaction site. We employed classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to study in detail the spatial, radial, and orientational relative distribution of ions in a set of imidazolium-based ILs, in which the 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (C4mim(+)) cation is coupled with the acetate (OAc(-)), chloride (Cl(-)), tetrafluoroborate (BF4(-)), hexafluorophosphate (PF6(-)), trifluoromethanesulfonate (TfO(-)), or bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide (TFSA(-)) anion. It was established that several structural properties are strongly anion-specific, while some can be treated as universally applicable to ILs, regardless of the nature of the anion. Namely, strongly basic anions, such as OAc(-) and Cl(-), prefer to be located in the imidazolium ring plane next to the C-H(2/4-5) sites. By contrast, the other four bulky and weakly coordinating anions tend to occupy positions above/below the plane. Similarly, the H-bond-like interactions involving the H(2) site are found to be particularly enhanced in comparison with the ones at H(4-5) in the case of asymmetric and/or more basic anions (C4mimOAc, C4mimCl, C4mimTfO, and C4mimTFSA), in accordance with recent spectroscopic and theoretical findings. Other IL-specific details related to the multiple H-bond-like binding and cation stacking issues are also discussed in this paper. The secondary H-bonding of anions with the alkyl hydrogen atoms of cations as well as the cation-cation alkyl chain aggregation turned out to be poorly sensitive to the nature of the anion.

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