ESG Management School

Canada

ESG Management School

Canada
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Dutot V.,ESG Management School | Bergeron F.,University of Québec | Raymond L.,University of Quebec at Trois - Rivieres
International Journal of Information Management | Year: 2014

The ability to internationalize has become a competitive necessity for many SMEs, enabling their survival and access to larger markets. From an IS research perspective, one important issue is the strategic role played by the firm's IT capabilities in responding to greater environmental uncertainty and correspondingly greater information requirements, and in enabling the firm's internationalization performance. Given that such a major aspect of the influence of IT on the performance of SMEs has so far been ignored, the following research question is posed: to what extent does the match between the IT capabilities and information requirements of SMEs contribute to their internationalization performance? Our research model and hypotheses are based on Tushman and Nadler's information processing model. In revisiting this model, the aim was to show its continued relevancy and extend its domain of applicability. In order to answer the research question, we conduct a survey-based empirical study of 174 Canadian SMEs that have internationalized their activities. Our results show that a better match between IT capabilities and information requirements does indeed exert a positive influence on internationalization performance. We also find that the SMEs' IT capabilities are influenced externally by the environmental uncertainty and internally by their internationalization mode. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Dutot V.,ESG Management School | Bergeron F.,University of Québec | Raymond L.,University of Quebec at Trois - Rivieres
Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences | Year: 2014

The ability to internationalize has become a competitive necessity for many SMEs, enabling their survival and growth under globalization. From an IS research perspective, one important issue in this regard is the strategic role played by the firm's IT capabilities in responding to greater environmental uncertainty and correspondingly greater information requirements, and in enabling the firm's internationalization performance. Given that such a major aspect of the influence of IT on the performance of SMEs has so far been ignored, the following research question is posed: To what extent does the match between the IT capabilities and information requirements of SMEs contribute to their internationalization performance? Our research model and hypotheses are based on Tushman and Nadler's information processing model. In revisiting this model, the aim was to show its continued relevancy and extend its domain of applicability. In order to answer the research question, we conduct a survey-based empirical study of 174 Canadian SMEs that have internationalized their activities in one form or another. Our results show that a better match between IT capabilities and information requirements does indeed exert a positive influence on internationalization performance. We also find that the SMEs' IT capabilities are influenced externally by the environmental uncertainty and internally by their internationalization mode. © 2014 IEEE.


Jaafor O.,University of Technology of Troyes | Birregah B.,University of Technology of Troyes | Perez C.,ESG Management School | Lemercier M.,University of Technology of Troyes
Proceedings - 5th Cybercrime and Trustworthy Computing Conference, CTC 2014 | Year: 2015

Social networking services (SNS) have increased in popularity over the last decade. They have become major platforms for e-commerce, personal branding, socialization and information. The success of social networking services like Facebook and Twitter as well as LinkedIn, LiveJournal andFoursquare and the variety of their usages leads their users to create a set of profiles on different SNS. Recently, social networking service aggregators have proposed centralizing the multiple social networking profiles of a given user in order to facilitate his interactions with social networking services. Such aggregators allow the messages received by a profile over multiple SNS to be retrieved, edited and posted with much less effort. Despite their obvious advantages, we highlight in this paper the risk of potential data leaks due to the inexperienced use of such tools. For this purpose, we provide a classification of online SNS and present their specificities with regard to the publicly exposed data of a user. Based on this classification, we investigate the possible insecure use of aggregators with an inappropriate set of SNS, which could lead to rendering sensitive data accessible to people it wasn't intended for. We present a decision tree approach for identifying a possible data leak based on the three following criteria: opinion, interest and location. We finally show the result of this approach on popular social networking aggregators. © 2014 IEEE.


Kim J.,University of Technology of Troyes | Kim J.,Tomsk Polytechnic University | Perez C.,ESG Management School
Journal of Industrial Ecology | Year: 2015

Many scientific collaboration networks have been extensively studied from different perspectives, such as network degree analysis or centrality. However, there has been little study of the scientific collaboration network in the industrial ecology (IE) research domain and community. In this study therefore, we collected co-authorship keywords and related data from 1,032 publications between 1997 and 2012 from the most influential journal on the topic: the Journal of Industrial Ecology. An evaluation of publications in terms of network characteristics was conducted. Journal characteristics, such as publications by each author, number of co-authors per paper, and keywords, were identified. Further, we developed a co-authorship network and maps with network centrality analysis, components, and cluster analysis. The results of this study clearly show the main topics of the science, structure of scientific collaboration, and status of individual researchers within the IE research community. © 2015 by Yale University.


Cartwright P.A.,ESG Management School | Riabko N.,FranceAgriMer
Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting | Year: 2015

This research is focused on analyzing spillover effects from crude oil to agricultural commodities futures markets. Moreover, emphasis is placed on the “reverse” relationships between spot and futures markets with particular attention given to the interrelationships. The study is interesting for reasons of economics and finance as well as for taking into account geo-political considerations. This study lends insight into the empirical validity of reverse regressions hypothesizing that spot prices today contain information useful for predicting forward rates in the future. This paper considers the importance of the effects of temporal aggregation as well as alternative time series model specifications and assumptions on the distributions of residuals. In addition to the assumption of normality, the paper considers use of a fat-tailed distribution (multivariate t-distribution) to examine the robustness of results that are based on the normality assumption. Finally, models are compared in terms of ex post predictive validity. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York


Cezar R.,ESG Management School
Journal of International Trade and Economic Development | Year: 2015

The article empirically tests the link between financial constraints with the extensive (proportion of exporters) and the intensive (volume of exports) margins of international trade. The main contribution is the macroeconomic analysis of this relationship – i.e. the investigation of the effect of finance on trade of all economic sectors combined – which is further reaching than the manufactured-sector-based focus found in the current literature. The study is developed on the basis of a bilateral trade database on 104 countries between 1998 and 2007. The empirical section estimates a two-stage gravity equation using panel data and shows a positive impact of financial development on the marginal variation of the extensive margin. However, the estimate of the relationship between finance and the intensive margin shows an unexpected result. It finds inconsistent results demonstrating a relationship that is negative, positive or statistically null. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.


Escobar Gamboa O.R.,ESG Management School
Journal of International Trade and Economic Development | Year: 2013

This article studies the location pattern of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Mexico for the period 1994-2004. An empirical model is specified based on recent FDI theories. This model is estimated using state-level data and employing spatial econometric techniques. Results suggest that higher education levels and lower delinquency rates are important determinants to attract FDI. Results also suggest a relationship of complementarity between inbound FDI to the host state and inward FDI to its neighboring states. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Paraschiv C.,University of Paris Descartes | Chenavaz R.,ESG Management School
Housing Studies | Year: 2011

Building on behavioural research in economics, this paper examines reference points for sellers and for buyers in the housing market. Using experimental data, it is shown that, contrary to standard economic theory predictions, reference point dynamics can be influenced by market evolution and available information. More precisely, is it shown that the reference point depends on the seller/buyer role in the housing market, that past prices influence the reference point and that the reference point can be manipulated by information disclosure. The results are consistent with the theoretical implications of prospect theory and mental accounting. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.


Rayna T.,ESG Management School | Striukova L.,University College London
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2014

There is a growing consensus that 3D printing technologies will be the next major technological revolution. While a lot of work has already been carried out as to what these technologies will bring in terms of product and process innovation, little has been done on their impact on business model innovation. Yet, history has shown that technological evolution without adequate business model innovation is a pitfall for many businesses. The contribution of this article is threefold. First, it combines the existing literature on business model innovation in an integrated ‘inside-outside’ framework of business model innovation. Secondly, the changes brought about by 3D printing technologies to the business model components are investigated. Finally, this article shows that in addition to enabling business model innovation, 3D printing technologies have the potential to change the way business model innovation is done, by enabling adaptive business models and by bringing the ‘rapid prototyping’ paradigm to business model innovation itself. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.


Dutot V.,ESG Management School
International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction | Year: 2014

1.4 billion Euros. This is the amount spent on social media marketing in Europe. This figure is expected to reach 3.2 billion in 2017 (Forrester, 2013), an increase of nearly 150%. However, from the point of view of literature, the concept of social media is still new even though the importance of technology in communication has been studied before. This research focuses on adoption of social media by investigating the digital gap that could exist between generations. Based on a quantitative survey (414 answers), CFA and SEM analyses were used to highlight the main influencers of adoption of social media per generation. Results show that age influences optimism, innovativeness, and perceived usefulness of adoption of social media. Copyright © 2014, IGI Global.

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