Escuela Superior de Medicina

Mexico City, Mexico

Escuela Superior de Medicina

Mexico City, Mexico
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Bello M.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Campos-Rodriguez R.,Escuela Superior de Medicina | Rojas-Hernandez S.,Escuela Superior de Medicina | Contis-Montes de Oca A.,Escuela Superior de Medicina | Correa-Basurto J.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico
Immunologic Research | Year: 2015

Identification of potential epitopes that might activate the immune system has been facilitated by the employment of algorithms that use experimental data as templates. However, in order to prove the affinity and the map of interactions between the receptor (major histocompatibility complex, MHC, or T-cell receptor) and the potential epitope, further computational studies are required. Docking and molecular dynamics (MDs) simulations have been an effective source of generating structural information at molecular level in immunology. Herein, in order to provide a detailed understanding of the origins of epitope recognition and to select the best peptide candidate to develop an epitope-based vaccine, docking and MDs simulations in combination with MMGBSA free energy calculations and per-residue free energy decomposition were performed, taking as starting complexes those formed between four designed epitopes (P1–P4) from hemagglutinin (HA) of the H1N1 influenza virus and MHC-II anchored in POPC membrane. Our results revealed that the energetic contributions of individual amino acids within the pMHC-II complexes are mainly dictated by van der Waals interactions and the nonpolar part of solvation energy, whereas the electrostatic interactions corresponding to hydrogen bonds and salt bridges determine the binding specificity, being the most favorable interactions formed between p4 and MHC-II. Then, P1–P4 epitopes were synthesized and tested experimentally to compare theoretical and experimental results. Experimental results show that P4 elicited the highest strong humoral immune response to HA of the H1N1 and may induce antibodies that are cross-reactive to other influenza subtypes, suggesting that it could be a good candidate for the development of a peptide-based vaccine. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Segura-Cervantes E.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia Inper | Mancilla-Ramirez J.,Escuela Superior de Medicina | Zurita L.,UJAT | Paredes Y.,INPer | Galindo-Sevilla N.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia Inper
Journal of Reproductive Immunology | Year: 2015

We explored the hypothesis that complement, an innate and adaptive immune effector, is active in the plasma of parturient women and is deposited on fetal membranes collected after delivery. A cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate complement activity at parturition. Pregnant women (n = 97) between 15 and 41 years of age were enrolled in a hospital protocol during the perinatal period to assess both SC5b-9 complement activity in blood and complement deposition on fetal membranes during parturition. Soluble SC5b-9 complement activity in plasma fractions was measured using a standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that included specific anti-complement antibodies. Complement deposition on membranes was analyzed using immuno-dot blots and immunohistochemistry. Soluble SC5b-9 complement complex levels were increased in the plasma of women during term labor (TL; median 3361; range 1726-5670. ng/mL), preterm labor (PL; median 2958; range 1552-7092. ng/mL), and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM; median 2272; range 167-6540. ng/mL) compared with pregnant women who were not in labor (P; median 1384; range 174-4570. ng/mL; P < 0.001, Kruskal-Wallis test). Active complement, as assessed by the C9 neo-antigen in C5b-9 complexes, was deposited on fetal membranes, with no difference between term and preterm delivery. The deposition of active complement on fetal membranes was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Women who underwent non-labor-indicated Cesarean sections did not exhibit complement deposition. Soluble SC5b-9 complement complex levels increased in the plasma of women during parturition, and complement C5b-9 complexes were deposited on fetal membranes. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


PubMed | National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico, Autonomous University of Yucatán, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Programa de Posgrado en Inmunologia. and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease | Year: 2016

Mexico City, Mexico.To identify proteins synthetised by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in hypoxic culture, which resemble more closely a granuloma environment than aerobic culture, and to determine if they are recognised by antibodies from patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB).Soluble extracts from M. tuberculosis H37Rv cultured under aerobic or hypoxic conditions were analysed using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and proteins over-expressed under hypoxia were identified by mass spectrometry. The presence of immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgA and IgM antibodies against these proteins was determined in the serum of 42 patients with active PTB and 42 healthy controls.We selected three M. tuberculosis H37Rv proteins (alpha-crystallin protein [Acr, Rv2031c], universal stress protein Rv2623 and isocitrate lyase [ICL, RV0467]) that were over-expressed under hypoxia. Titres of anti-Acr and anti-ICL IgA antibodies were higher in patients than in healthy controls, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.71 for anti-ICL IgA antibodies.ICL could be used in combination with other M. tuberculosis antigens to improve the sensitivity and specificity of current serological TB diagnostic methods.


PubMed | Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia Inper, UJAT, Escuela Superior de Medicina and INPer
Type: | Journal: Journal of reproductive immunology | Year: 2015

We explored the hypothesis that complement, an innate and adaptive immune effector, is active in the plasma of parturient women and is deposited on fetal membranes collected after delivery. A cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate complement activity at parturition. Pregnant women (n = 97) between 15 and 41 years of age were enrolled in a hospital protocol during the perinatal period to assess both SC5b-9 complement activity in blood and complement deposition on fetal membranes during parturition. Soluble SC5b-9 complement activity in plasma fractions was measured using a standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that included specific anti-complement antibodies. Complement deposition on membranes was analyzed using immuno-dot blots and immunohistochemistry. Soluble SC5b-9 complement complex levels were increased in the plasma of women during term labor (TL; median 3361; range 1726-5670 ng/mL), preterm labor (PL; median 2958; range 1552-7092 ng/mL), and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM; median 2272; range 167-6540 ng/mL) compared with pregnant women who were not in labor (P; median 1384; range 174-4570 ng/mL; P < 0.001, Kruskal-Wallis test). Active complement, as assessed by the C9 neo-antigen in C5b-9 complexes, was deposited on fetal membranes, with no difference between term and preterm delivery. The deposition of active complement on fetal membranes was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Women who underwent non-labor-indicated Cesarean sections did not exhibit complement deposition. Soluble SC5b-9 complement complex levels increased in the plasma of women during parturition, and complement C5b-9 complexes were deposited on fetal membranes.


Bustamante-Garcia R.,Escuela Superior de Medicina | Naranjo-Rodriguez E.B.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Lira-Rocha A.S.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Ortiz-Osornio A.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Picazo O.,Escuela Superior de Medicina
Behavioural Brain Research | Year: 2013

Melatonin has been mainly used for alleviating some disorders related with insomnia and circadian rhythmicity. The use of this hormone has been limited, among others, due to its short half-life and instability. This study reports some behavioural actions of two new melatonin analogues that incorporate a phenyl or a benzoyl group at the nitrogen atom of the melatonin molecule. Although diazepam was about 10 times more potent than either of the melatonin analogues, results show that in general these last display better anxiolytic, anticonvulsant and sedative actions than the original molecule. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Alcocer L.,Instituto Mexicano Of Salud Cardiovascular | Meaney E.,Escuela Superior de Medicina | Hernandez-Hernandez H.,Clinica de Prevencion Del Riesgo Cardiovascular
Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease | Year: 2015

Recent research has focused on the development of evidence-based guidelines that are intended to regulate the conduct of physicians in the diagnosis and control of hypertension, with the goal of achieving greater effectiveness and equity at the lowest possible cost. In Latin America, guidelines are available for the management of hypertension at three levels: national, regional and international. The national and regional Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) guidelines are in fact adaptations of the international guidelines. The potential benefit of applying guidelines developed in other regions to local healthcare decision making is that it will enable decision makers to take advantage of existing analyses and transfer or adapt them to their local contexts. However, this adaptation precludes the assessment of their generalizability and potential transferability. In addition, this region is characterized by wide socioeconomic differences between its inhabitants, both among and within nations. Therefore, new guidelines for the LAC region must include recommendations that are common to all hypertensive patients in the region. Moreover, we advocate the inclusion of a specific section that makes comprehensive recommendations and provides strategies for implementation according to the socioeconomic conditions of particular groups. In addition to developing guidelines that are truly applicable to the LAC region, it seems sensible to consider information that is specific to this region. Furthermore, developing evidence-based guidelines is not enough to affect positively the burden of disease caused by hypertension. Therefore, professional programs are required for the implementation of such guidelines as well as the auditing of their results. Achieving these ambitious goals will require collaborative efforts by many groups including policymakers, international organizations, healthcare providers, universities and society. © SAGE Publications.


PubMed | Instituto Mexicano Of Salud Cardiovascular, Clinica de Prevencion del Riesgo Cardiovascular and Escuela Superior de Medicina
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Therapeutic advances in cardiovascular disease | Year: 2015

Recent research has focused on the development of evidence-based guidelines that are intended to regulate the conduct of physicians in the diagnosis and control of hypertension, with the goal of achieving greater effectiveness and equity at the lowest possible cost. In Latin America, guidelines are available for the management of hypertension at three levels: national, regional and international. The national and regional Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) guidelines are in fact adaptations of the international guidelines. The potential benefit of applying guidelines developed in other regions to local healthcare decision making is that it will enable decision makers to take advantage of existing analyses and transfer or adapt them to their local contexts. However, this adaptation precludes the assessment of their generalizability and potential transferability. In addition, this region is characterized by wide socioeconomic differences between its inhabitants, both among and within nations. Therefore, new guidelines for the LAC region must include recommendations that are common to all hypertensive patients in the region. Moreover, we advocate the inclusion of a specific section that makes comprehensive recommendations and provides strategies for implementation according to the socioeconomic conditions of particular groups. In addition to developing guidelines that are truly applicable to the LAC region, it seems sensible to consider information that is specific to this region. Furthermore, developing evidence-based guidelines is not enough to affect positively the burden of disease caused by hypertension. Therefore, professional programs are required for the implementation of such guidelines as well as the auditing of their results. Achieving these ambitious goals will require collaborative efforts by many groups including policymakers, international organizations, healthcare providers, universities and society.


Fuchs-Tarlovsky V.,Hospital General Of Mexico | Bejarano-Rosales M.,Hospital General Of Mexico | Gutierrez-Salmean G.,Escuela Superior de Medicina | Casillas M.A.,Iberoamerican University | And 2 more authors.
Nutricion Hospitalaria | Year: 2011

Background: Mexico has a high rate of cervical cancer which represents an important public health issue. The treatment for this disease depends on the extension of the tumor; for the initial stages surgery is recommended, and for locally advanced tumors, a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is used. All this process affects natural antioxidant consumption and Quality of Life (QoL). Objective: To find out the effect that supplementation with antioxidants (β-carotene, vitamin C y vitamin E) has on oxidative stress, and quality of life in patient diagnosed with cervical cancer during treatments with cisplatin and radiotherapy. Materials and methods: We conducted a randomized, blind clinical trial in women with cervical cancer whose antineoplasic treatment was radiotherapy in and radiotherapy with cisplatin. Patients were randomly assigned to receive antioxidant therapy or a placebo. Plasma concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA), free carbonyls, dityrosines, and carbonyl/protein rate in two different moments, before oncologic therapy, and after finishing oncology treatment, we also evaluated food consumption by using a validated food frequency questionnaire and a QOL questionnaire before treatment and after it was over. The effect of the antioxidant treatment was assessed by the use t-student test for independent and paired samples, as well as frequencies and X 2 for categorical variables. Results: We evaluated 103 patients who were randomly assigned to receive treatment with antioxidants 49 (47.60%) and placebo 54 (52.40%). We did not find statistically significant differences in food or antioxidant consumption according to the food frequency questionnaires. Most of the patients consumed more energy than needed to meet their requirement, but they did not consume enough of most of the antioxidants according to the Recommended Dailiy Allowance (RDA) recommendation. Serum levels of plasma free carbonyls and carbonil/mg of protein ratio were statistically significant (p < 0.009) which shows protein protection regarding oxidative stress in the supplemented group, this information was similar to the one found in the QOL questionnaire, which showed that Global QOL was better in the supplemented group (p < 0.025). Most of the patients had lower α-tocopherol and retinol plasma levels than the recommended values. Conclusions: Antioxidant supplementation showed to be effective in reducing oxidative stress in proteins, but it did not on food ingestion, patients did not meet their antioxidants requirement in their diets, in spite of an excess in energy consumption. Antioxidant plasma levels in most of the patients were lower than normal. QoL score was better in the supplemented group.


Bustamante-Garcia R.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Lira-Rocha A.S.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Espejo-Gonzalez O.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Gomez-Martinez A.E.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Picazo O.,Escuela Superior de Medicina
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2014

In spite of the wide variety of drugs available for treating anxiety, this disorder continues to represent a worldwide health problem that is classified within the first 10 causes of disability. Therefore, the search continues for new antianxiety agents, particularly those not related to benzodiazepines. Even though melatonin has been prescribed as an anxiolytic drug, its use is currently limited due to its short half-life and photo-sensitivity, among other disadvantages. The present study explores the antianxiety properties of a new 1-N substituted melatonin analog, M3C, in pinealectomized rats submitted to two behavioral tests (the cumulative burying behavior paradigm and the elevated plus-maze). Results from both tests show that M3C is effective as an anxiolytic-like agent, at doses lower than any other melatonin analog previously reported. The blocking of these actions by luzindole together with the available data suggests that the anxiolytic properties of M3C are mediated by MT1 and MT2 receptors. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


Villanueva C.,Escuela Superior de Medicina
Acta ortopédica mexicana | Year: 2010

Pain is a symptom associated with alterations of the musculoskeletal system and frequently needs to be treated by the orthopedist. The purpose of this review is to analyze the mechanisms involved in the pain sensation and the various treatments that have been applied in orthopedics to control pain. Since it is known that the analgesic response is not the same in all patients, aspects that affect the pain sensation were assessed, such as the placebo effect, patients sex and genomic factors. The treatment varieties analyzed included drug therapy, considering the drugs, their pharmaceutical presentations and the route of administration most frequently used in orthopedics; and acupuncture, which has proven to be effective in special cases.

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