Pena-Chocarro L.,Escuela Espanola de Historia y Arqueologia en Rome EEHAR CSIC |
Pena-Chocarro L.,Institute Historia CCHS CSIC |
Jorda G.P.,Institute Historia CCHS CSIC |
Mateos J.M.,Institute Historia CCHS CSIC |
Zapata L.,University of the Basque Country
Annali di Botanica | Year: 2013
This contribution focuses on the preliminary results of the AGRIWESTMED project which focuses on the archaeobotanical analyses of early Neolithic sites in the western Mediterranean region (both in Iberia and in northern Morocco). A large number of sites has been studied producing an interesting dataset of plant remains which places the earliest examples of domesticated plants in the second half of the 6th millennium cal BC. Plant diversity is high as it is shown by the large number of species represented: hulled and naked wheats, barley, peas, fava beans, vetches, lentils and grass peas. To more crops, poppy and flax, are also part of the first agricultural crops of the area. Although agriculture seems to occupy a first place in the production of food, gathering is well represented in the Moroccan sites where a large number of species has been identified.