Potentiality of a frit waste from ceramic sector as raw material to glass-ceramic material production [Potencialidad De Un Residuo De Frita Procedente Del Sector Cerámico Como Materia Prima Para La Producción De Material Vitrocerámico]
Albert E.B.,Jaume I University |
Pla J.L.,Escola Superior Ceramica de LAlcora |
Dolores Notari Abad M.,Escola Superior Ceramica de LAlcora |
Carda Castello J.B.,Jaume I University
Boletin de la Sociedad Espanola de Ceramica y Vidrio | Year: 2015
This work consists of studying the devitrification capacity of a residue from sodium-calcium frit, using the vitreous powder sintering method, which follows the traditional ceramic processing route, including a specific heat treatment to generate the appearance of crystals from the original glass phase. Initially the frit residue has been characterized by instrumental techniques such as XRF, XRD and DTA/TG. Furthermore, the chemical analysis (XRF) has allowed the prediction of devitrification potentiality of this residue by theoretical approaches represented by Gingsberg, Raschin-Tschetverikov and Lebedeva ternary diagrams. Then, this residue was subjected to traditional ceramic method, by changing the grinding time, the pressing pressure and prepared samples were obtained at different temperatures. In this part, the techniques for measuring particle size by laser diffraction and XRD and SEM to evaluate the generated crystalline phases, were applied. Finally, it has been found that this frit residue works as glass-ceramic precursor, devitrifying in wollastonite crystals as majority phase and without being subjected to the melting step of the glass-ceramic typical method. © 2015 Sociedad Españ ola de Cerámica y Vidrio.
Barrachina E.,Jaume I University |
Llop J.,Escola Superior Ceramica de LAlcora |
Notari M.-D.,Escola Superior Ceramica de LAlcora |
Fraga D.,Jaume I University |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy | Year: 2015
The current environmental policy imposes general optimisation of the industrial process. There are two critical steps related to suspensions fluidity in the ceramic spray-drying industry: the emptying of the ball mill and the spray-drying operation. The chemicals producers provide a large number of commercial deflocculants aiming to improve both processes. The present research is focused on the comparison of the rheological effect of four commercial liquid deflocculants on a porcelain ceramic composition in view of different mechanisms of deflocculation. The suspensions prepared have 70 %-solid content and a range of deflocculant concentrations between 0.1 mass % and 0.6 mass %. Each suspension is characterized by measuring its solid content, particle size distribution, pH values, conductivity and rheology, including viscosity at two shear rates and thixotropy calculated from the hysteresis area of the flowability curves. On the basis of the experiments carried out adequate conclusions are presented.