Rivera F.J.U.,Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca
Cadernos de Saude Publica | Year: 2011
This study analyzes the process of producing a situational plan according to a benchmark from the philosophy of language and argumentation theory. The basic approach used in the analysis was developed by Carlos Matus. Specifically, the study seeks to identify the inherent argumentative structure and patterns in the situational explanation and regulatory design in a plan's operations, taking argumentative approaches from pragma-dialectics and informal logic as the analytical parameters. The explanation of a health problem is used to illustrate the study. Methodologically, the study is based on the existing literature on the subject and case analyses. The study concludes with the proposition that the use of the specific references means introducing greater rigor into both the analysis of the validity of causal arguments and the design of proposals for interventions, in order for them to be more conclusive in achieving a plan's objectives.
Hospitalization for primary care-sensitive conditions in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, 2000-2009 [Internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária em Campo Grande, mato grosso do sul, Brasil, 2000 a 2009]
de Campos A.Z.,Secretaria Municipal de Saude Publica de Campo Grande |
Theme-Filha M.M.,Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca
Cadernos de Saude Publica | Year: 2012
This study analyzed the correlation between evolution in coverage of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) and the hospital admissions rate for primary care-sensitive conditions (PCSC) in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, from 2000 to 2009. This was an ecological study using data from the Hospital Information System (SIH), available from the Information System of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (DATASUS) and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Statistical analysis used Pearson's linear correlation coefficient and its significance. Campo Grande showed an inverse correlation, following the trend for the country as a whole, with a reduction in such admissions. The analysis of categories of hospital admissions showed a direct correlation with pulmonary tuberculosis, angina pectoris, and conditions related to prenatal care and childbirth. The results suggest that increased coverage of the FHS has contributed to a reduction in hospitalization rates for PCSC.
Baptista T.W.F.,Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca
Cadernos de Saude Publica | Year: 2010
This article analyzes the submission of health pol-icy bills by the Legislative and Executive Branches in the Brazilian National Congress, since 1990. The study analyzes the health legislation passed by the National Congress from 1990 to 2006. The bills were analyzed by type, authorship, review time, and thematic content, considering the political and institutional context. The Executive Branch passed 89.8% of its health bills, submitted budget issues and modified the approved budget, and ensured review and passage of its own bills six times faster than bills submitted by the Legislative itself. In conclusion, the policy process is imbalanced, with power concentrated in the Executive, with the latter assuming the main role of filtering health policy demands, thus reflecting a persistently immature approach for institutions in the democratic process.
Martins M.,Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca
Revista de Saude Publica | Year: 2010
Objective: To assess the use of comorbidity measures to predict the risk of death in Brazilian in-patients. Methods: Data from the Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (Unified Health System Hospital Information System) were used, which enables only one secondary diagnosis to be recorded. A total of 1,607,697 hospitalizations were selected, all of which occurred in Brazil, between 2003 and 2004, and whose main diagnoses were: ischemic heart disease, congestive cardiac failure, stroke and pneumonia. Charlson Index and Elixhauser comorbidities were the comorbidity measures used. In addition, the simple record of a certain secondary diagnosis was also used. Logistic regression was applied to assess the impact of comorbidity measures on the estimate of risk of death. The baseline model included the following variables: age, sex and main diagnosis. Models to predict death were assessed, based on C-statistic and Hosmer-Lemeshow test. Results: Hospital mortality rate was 10.4% and mean length of stay was 5.7 days. The majority (52%) of hospitalizations occurred among men and mean age was 62.6 years. Of all hospitalizations, 5.4% included a recorded secondary diagnosis, although the odds ratio between death and presence of comorbidity was 1.93. The baseline model showed a discriminatory capacity (C-statistic) of 0.685. The improvement in the models, attributed to the introduction of comorbidity indices, was poor, equivalent to zero when C-statistic with only two digits was considered. Conclusions: Although the introduction of three comorbidity measures in distinct models to predict death improved the predictive capacity of the baseline model, the values obtained are still considered insufficient. The accuracy of this type of measure is influenced by the completeness of the source of information. In this sense, high underreporting of secondary diagnosis, in addition to the well-known lack of space to note down this type of information in the Sistema de Informações Hospitalares, are the main explanatory factors for the results found.
Health and Gender Relations: A reflection on the challenges for the implementation of public policies for health care for indigenous women [Saúde e relações de gênero: Uma reflexão sobre os desafios para a implantação de políticas públicas de atenção à saúde da mulher indígena]
Ferreira L.O.,Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2013
This article presents some contrasts that exist between the discourses of public policies concerning women's health care, especially with respect to indigenous women, and the ethnological discourse which emphasizes the specificity of gender relations within indigenous societies. We worked on the assumption that the development of these public policies as well as the organization of health care services offered, which in fact are necessary, have a transforming effect on prevailing gender relations within Amerindian Societies. On the one hand, gender relations between indigenous people are associated with the domains of kinship and corporeality. On the other hand, the process of creating public policies, by means of biomedical intervention and the medicalization of the female body, constitutes a powerful tool for body modeling and the construction of subjectivities contributing to making women worthy of citizenship. The female gender is under discussion and its content is being negotiated.