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Correia L.C.,Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica
Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic (SE) status has been associated to inflammation and predictors of C-reactive protein (CRP) have been investigated by studies performed in developed countries. This study aimed to identify predictors of CRP in individuals of very low SE level in a developing country and evaluate whether CRP is related to SE status in this scenario. OBJECTIVE: Eight-two individuals of very low SE level were recruited from a poor, semi-rural community in Brazil. Thirty-two individuals of high socioeconomic level comprised a comparison sample. High-sensitivity CRP was measured by nephelometry. METHODS: Eight-two individuals of very low SE level were recruited from a poor, semi-rural community in Brazil. Thirty-two individuals of high socioeconomic level comprised a comparison sample. High-sensitivity CRP was measured by nephelometry. RESULTS: In the low SE individuals, independent predictors of CRP were body mass index > 25 Kg/m(2) (P<0.001), smoking (P=0.005) and acute infection conditions (P=0.049). The low SE group (median=2.02 mg/l; interquartile range 0.92 - 4.95 mg/dl) had higher CRP levels compared to the high SE group (1.16 mg/l, interquartile range 0.55 - 2.50 mg/dl, P=0.03). Body mass index tended to be higher (27 +/- 4.9 kg/m(2) vs 25.5 +/- 3.2 kg/m(2); P=0.07) and the prevalence of acute infection greater (32% vs 3%, P=0.002) in the low SE group. After overweight individuals and those with infectious conditions were excluded, the CRP levels were similar between the groups with low and high SE levels (0.93 mg/l vs 1.08 mg/l, P=0.28). CONCLUSION: Adiposity, infection conditions and smoking are predictors of CRP in individuals with very low SE level. The first two factors determine greater level of inflammation in low SE individuals when compared to the high SE counterparts.

Almeida F.A.,Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica
Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: There is a high global and cardiovascular mortality rate among patients who need hemodialysis. OBJECTIVE: To assess global and cardiovascular mortality and to identify the risk factors in patients who undergo hemodialysis. METHODS: Observational, prospective study. A total of 334 patients were studied within three years. Primary outcomes: global and cardiovascular mortality. Survival was assessed through Kaplan-Meier method, and the risk variables were identified by means of bivariate and multivariate Cox regression. RESULTS: A total of 189 men (56.6%), aging 48.8 +/- 14.2, majority non-white (295, 88.3%) and who did finished the elementary school (211, 63.2%). Global mortality rate was 21.6%, with a 50% rate of 146-month survival; cardiovascular mortality rate was 41.7% (30/72), with a 75% rate of 141-month survival. In the bivariate analysis, the relative risk (RR) for non-cardiovascular and cardiovascular death increased when age > or =60 years old was Hb < or =9.0 g/dl and fast glycemia > or =126 mg/dl. Only non-cardiovascular death with low school grade and widow, Hb<11.0 g/dl, Ht<33.0%, fast glycemia > or =100 mg/dl, Ca product x P<42 and creatinine > or =9.2 mg/dl decreased with blood pressure (BP) > or =140/90 mmHg (before hemodialysis session) and Ht>36%; Obit due only to cardiovascular factors increased with creatinine > or =9.4 mg/dl. In the multivariate analysis, non-cardiovascular and cardiovascular RR increased with age > or =60 years old and Hb<9 g/dl; cardiovascular death RR increased with glycemia > or =126 mg/dl, and non-cardiovascular death RR increased with urea removal rate in hemodialysis (Kt/V) <1,2. CONCLUSION: Global and cardiovascular mortality of patients who need hemodialysis is high. Independent risk factors for non cardiovascular and cardiovascular causes of death were age >60 years old and Hb<9 g/dl, for cardiovascular cause of death only, was fasting blood glucose > or =126 mg/dL, and for non-cardiovascular cause of death, Kt/V<1,2.

Duarte G.V.,Federal University of Bahia | da Silva L.P.,Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia | Year: 2014

In the absence of ideal biomarkers, the research for clinical markers correlated to the severity of psoriasis and/or its comorbidities becomes crucial. Recently, studies have shown positive correlation between body mass index and prevalence and severity of psoriasis. Abdominal circumference showed stronger correlation with disease severity than body mass index. We evaluated the waist-to-height ratio in a sample of 297 adult patients with psoriasis and observed that it has a significant correlation with body mass index and PASI, and together with body mass index allows the identification of central obesity, reducing its subdiagnosis. © 2014 by Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia.

Da Silva F.F.,Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica | Levy R.A.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | De Carvalho J.F.,Centro Medico do Hospital Alianca
Journal of Immunology Research | Year: 2014

A major cause of morbidity and mortality in the context of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is the occurrence of thrombotic events. Besides the pathogenic roles of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), other risk factors and medical conditions, which are conditions for traditional risk of an individual without the APS, can coexist in this patient, raising their risk of developing thrombosis. Therefore, the clinical and laboratory investigation of comorbidities known to increase cardiovascular risk in patients with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is crucial for the adoption of a more complete and effective treatment. Experimental models and clinical studies show evidence of association between APS and premature formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Atherosclerosis has major traditional risk factors: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, dyslipidemia, smoking, and sedentary lifestyle that may be implicated in vascular involvement in patients with APS. The influence of nontraditional risk factors as hyperhomocysteinemia, increased lipoprotein a, and anti-oxLDL in the development of thromboembolic events in APS patients has been studied in scientific literature. Metabolic syndrome with all its components also has been recently studied in antiphospholipid syndrome and is associated with arterial events. © 2014 Felipe Freire da Silva et al.

Guindalini R.S.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Mathias Machado M.C.,Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica
Molecular Diagnosis and Therapy | Year: 2013

Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, is one of the most cancer-specific proteins identified to date. Survivin expression is low or undetectable in most adult tissues, but, alternatively, is overexpressed in a large number of tumors. This multifunctional protein is recognized as a key regulator in apoptosis, proliferation and angiogenesis in the tumor environment. Several studies have shown a correlation between survivin upregulation and poor cancer prognosis, and, as expected, its downregulation or inactivation leads to inhibition of tumor growth. Therefore, survivin has attracted increasing attention both as a potential cancer biomarker and as a new target for anticancer therapies. This review summarizes and discusses survivin expression and its potential as a prognostic and diagnostic biomarker in different types of tumors, as well as provides an overview of the current therapeutic challenges of targeting survivin as a treatment strategy. © 2013 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

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