Goverde H.,ESAT ELECTA KU Leuven |
Goverde H.,IMEC |
Goossens D.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Govaerts J.,IMEC |
And 7 more authors.
Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments | Year: 2015
Numerous models have been developed to predict the power output of photovoltaic (PV) systems as a function of insolation and ambient conditions. However, the effect of wind on module temperature, and hence performance, is only poorly incorporated into these models, and spatially distributed and (fast-varying) transient wind effects have not yet been studied in detail. In this paper, spatial distribution of temperature over a 156. ×. 156. mm PV mini-module is studied together with fine-time-scale temporal evolution. Tests were performed on a 2. ×. 3 mini-module mounted in a wind tunnel. Results show that the temperature differences can amount to 21. °C and more, depending on the wind speed and the location on the module. Apart from cooling caused by heat convection, a temperature increase generated by wind friction also occurs at the module's surface although it remains very low compared to the cooling caused by convection. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.