West J.,Keck Graduate Institute of Applied Life Sciences |
Salter A.,University of Bath |
Vanhaverbeke W.,Hasselt University |
Vanhaverbeke W.,National University of Singapore |
And 2 more authors.
Research Policy | Year: 2014
We review the contribution and evolution of open innovation since the publication of Chesbrough's 2003 Open Innovation book, and suggest likely directions going forward. We link the articles of this special issue to three key trends in open innovation research: better measurement, resolving the role of appropriability and linking that research to the management and economics literature. From this, we identify other trends and suggest opportunities for future research. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Maldonado M.,University of Lima |
Sierra V.,ESADE Business School
International Journal of Enterprise Information Systems | Year: 2013
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) adoptions keep consolidating as a critical IT initiative in developing regions. Although Latin America has exhibited lately the largest growth in terms of ERP adoption rate worldwide, there is a gap in the literature focused in examining the success and underlying causes of such adoptions there. This study develops and tests a theoretical model proposing factors that determine the success of ERP Latin American adoptions. A qualitative exploration proposes a model which is corroborated empirically with data from 49 firms using Structural Equations Modeling. The results suggest that User Satisfaction is the foundation for the success and its key role as a mediator between ERP Ease of Use capacities, Formal Communication Program, Project Implementation Success and the Success of the Adoption is also introduced. These results are compared with existing studies and the implications of the findings for research and practice are discussed. Copyright © 2013, IGI Global.
Rodriguez Perera F.D.P.,Medtronic |
Peiro M.,ESADE Business School
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2012
Strategic planning is a completely valid and useful tool for guiding all types of organizations, including healthcare organizations. The organizational level at which the strategic planning process is relevant depends on the unit's size, its complexity, and the differentiation of the service provided. A cardiology department, a hemodynamic unit, or an electrophysiology unit can be an appropriate level, as long as their plans align with other plans at higher levels. The leader of each unit is the person responsible for promoting the planning process, a core and essential part of his or her role. The process of strategic planning is programmable, systematic, rational, and holistic and integrates the short, medium, and long term, allowing the healthcare organization to focus on relevant and lasting transformations for the future. © 2011 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L. Todos los derechos reservados.
Kauppi K.,Aalto University |
Longoni A.,ESADE Business School |
Caniato F.,Polytechnic of Milan |
Kuula M.,Aalto University
International Journal of Production Economics | Year: 2016
Increasingly complex supply chains and heightened disruption risks are bringing risk management to the forefront of managerial and research efforts. We examine how country disruption risks are related to the adoption of combined risk management and external supply chain integration practices, and how these combinations in turn are related to operational performance. We frame our propositions using information processing theory and complementarity theory. We combine primary data from the 6th International Manufacturing Strategy Survey on 21 countries, and secondary data on country level disruption risks to study these links. Our results indicate that companies in riskier countries, characterized by high operational contingencies risk, natural hazard and terrorism and political instability, use combined arcs of external supply chain integration and risk management practices. Such a combined approach is also related to higher operational performance. The findings suggest to managers that companies adopting risk management practices in combination with external integration achieve best operational results. We extend the arcs of integration concept to include also risk management practices thus showing that holistic risk management approaches along supply chains are positively related to operational performance. The combination of primary and secondary data, as well as the focus on exogenous risks distinguishes our approach from previous, mostly conceptual, studies on risks. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Hohberger J.,University of Technology, Sydney |
Almeida P.,Georgetown University |
Parada P.,ESADE Business School
Research Policy | Year: 2015
In dynamic and uncertain technological environments, the focus of industry innovative activity changes over time and the position of each firm with respect to the industry's innovative focus changes as well. Drawing upon insights from evolutionary economics, we derive hypothesis on the role of R&D alliances and individual scientific collaborations in influencing a firm's innovative direction and its position relative to the industry's innovation focus. The analyses of patent and alliance data show that biotechnology firms that rely on external individual scientific collaborations are likely to grow closer to the future focus of innovation, while firms that emphasize R&D alliances grow more distant from the future industry focus. Thus, the use of collaborative mechanisms influences the position of firms in innovative space over time. Additionally, the effect of collaborative mechanisms on the direction of innovation is influenced by the technological specialization of the firm. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Maldonado M.,ESAN |
Sierra V.,ESADE Business School
2015 Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2015 | Year: 2015
Polls are the fundamental procedures used to measure voting trends in elections and a useful mechanism to adjust the marketing tactics of campaign commands. Polling not only demands significant resources, but also incorporates several intrinsic barriers that may hinder its applicability. This paper examines an innovative methodology to explore the use of social media as an alternative to enhance the costeffectiveness of polling while increasing significantly prediction power to overcome the constraints of traditional polls. The proposed methodology is based on the analysis of content gathered from public Web 2.0 technologies, and in this particular case, applied on the scenario of the 2012 Dominican Republic presidential election. Forecasting voting trends obtained from this methodology, and comparing such results with headline final election results, opens a promising road, not only to consolidate knowledge in this field, but also, as an new alternative for practitioners that might remarkably broaden electoral marketing strategies.
Earp J.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience |
Ott M.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience |
Popescu M.,Carol I National Defense University |
Romero M.,ESADE Business School |
Usart M.,ESADE Business School
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2014
Serious Games (SGs) are increasingly being used in formal educational settings and it is almost universally acknowledged that they have strong potential for bringing innovation to education and for enhancing learning, this way also contributing to the development of Human Capital. This paper proposes some reflections on the usefulness and effectiveness of SGs when used in formal learning contexts. The considerations are derived from a set of SG-based educational experiences carried out in three European countries: Italy, Spain and Romania. The paper briefly summarizes the key aspects of the three research experiences and, by referring to the main lessons learnt, it also draws some general conclusions as to the potential of SGs to support the development of Human Capital both from the cognitive and from the affective/behavioural standpoint. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Visnjic Kastalli I.,ESADE Business School |
Visnjic Kastalli I.,University of Cambridge |
Van Looy B.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Van Looy B.,University of Twente
Journal of Operations Management | Year: 2013
As manufacturing businesses operate in an ever more competitive, global economy where products are easily commoditized, innovating by adding services to the core product offering has become a popular strategy. Contrary to the economic benefits expected, recent findings pinpoint implementation hurdles that lead to a potential performance decline, the so-called 'servitization paradox'. In this paper, we analyze this paradox by disentangling the value creation and value appropriation processes of 44 national subsidiaries of a global manufacturing firm turned product-service provider, in the 2001-2007 period. Our findings show that the firm under study is able to successfully transcend the inherent substitution of products by services and to enact complementary sales dynamics between the two activities. Moreover, labor-intensive services such as maintenance, which imply higher levels of customer proximity, further enhance product sales. Empirical results also reveal a positive yet non-linear relationship between the scale of service activities and profitability: while initial levels of servicing result in a steep increase in profitability, a period of relative decline is observed before the positive relationship between the scale of services and profitability re-emerges. These findings suggest the presence of initial short-term gains but also indicate the existence of a 'profitability' hurdle; profitable growth seems feasible only to the extent that investments in service capability are translated into economies of scale. In helping to clarify the performance implications of service innovation, our findings suggest pathways to sustainable growth through servitization for manufacturing firms. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Giner J.L.C.,ESADE Business School
Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management | Year: 2011
Purpose: Analyze the relationship between the senior executive and ICT use. Design/methodology/approach: Empirical research through which we propose a framework to establish the main factors that might lead to an increase in ICT use by senior executives. Findings: The main contribution of the present study is the creation of the list of factors that affect the use of computers and applications by senior executives and a smaller group of categories. Research limitations/implications: A limitation of this research is that it should be confirmed by means of quantitative research that would allow us to test the validity of the proposed framework, and also to ascertain the relative importance of each factor. Practical implications: Thus reducing the number of factors and forming a smaller group of categories that can facilitate research. Originality/value: The list of factors that affect the use of computers and applications by senior executives and the smaller group of categories.
Peiro M.,ESADE Business School |
Barrubes J.,ESADE Business School
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2012
The economic crisis cannot conceal the need for transformation of the National Health System. The financial difficulties of healthcare systems whose spending is growing at a faster rate than the economy have been well known for years. The development and diffusion of new technologies, increased use of health services, rising drug costs, inflation of prices, and the inefficiency of the system explain the new context. The challenges facing the healthcare system are not new: address the debt, improve funding, review the list of services, transform the governance of the system and provide the institutions with real management autonomy. The gravity of the economic situation can be an opportunity to carry out the long-awaited changes. © 2012 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.