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Peterseim J.H.,University of Technology, Sydney | Hellwig U.,ERK Eckrohrkessel GmbH | Endrullat K.,ERK Eckrohrkessel GmbH
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Power Division (Publication) POWER

Improving power plant performance, availability and operational costs is crucial to remain competitive in today's competitive energy market. The boiler is a key component to achieve these objectives, particularly so when using challenging fuels, such as municipal solid waste or exhaust gases with high dust contents. This paper describes an innovative boiler design that has been used for the first time in an Energy from Waste plant in Bamberg, Germany. The new boiler design disregards the traditional heating surface arrangement and instead uses tube bundles arranged in parallel to the gas flow, which provides several advantages, such as reduced fouling. The paper describes the Bamberg project (boiler design and project highlights) and first operational results after 30,500h of operation. Additionally, the paper investigates further options to reduce fouling through the use of dimpled tubes, especially the ip tube ® technology. The technology is presented as well as first test results of such tubes in the Energy from Waste plant Rosenheim, Germany. The paper concludes with further applications for the parallel flow boiler design, such as cement kilns, to outline future markets Copyright © 2013 by ASME. Source

Peterseim J.H.,University of Technology, Sydney | Tadros A.,Aurecon Australia | Hellwig U.,ERK Eckrohrkessel GmbH | White S.,University of Technology, Sydney
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Power Division (Publication) POWER

In Australia both natural gas and an excellent solar irradiance are abundant energy sources and its combination is one option to implement concentrating solar power (CSP) systems in Australia's traditionally low cost electricity market. The recently introduced carbon pricing mechanism in Australia is likely to steer investment towards combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) plants. This will also lead to further plants being built in high solar irradiance areas where CSP could provide valuable peak capacity. Hybridisation would enable more competitive power generation than standalone CSP systems as hybrid plants share equipment, such as steam turbine and condenser, therewith lowering the specific investment. This paper investigates the novel hybridization of CCGT and solar tower systems to increase the efficiency of integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC). Currently, all ISCC plants use parabolic trough systems with thermal oil as this technology is most mature. However, increases in plant efficiency, simpler solar tower integration as well as further synergies of solar tower ISCC systems, such as joint use of tower as CCGT stack, are likely to enhance the economic viability of new ISCC plants. In addition to a technical concept description this paper outlines the ideal sites for ISCC plants in Australia and presents a 200MWe ISCC case study with 3h molten salt thermal storage for the conversion of the Port Hedland open cycle gas turbine (OCGT) facility in Western Australia into a solar tower ISCC plant. Copyright © 2013 by ASME. Source

Peterseim J.H.,University of Technology, Sydney | Tadros A.,Laing ORourke Australia | White S.,University of Technology, Sydney | Hellwig U.,ERK Eckrohrkessel GmbH | And 2 more authors.
Energy Procedia

Concentrating solar power (CSP)-biomass hybrids plants are becoming increasingly interesting as a low cost option to provide dispatchable renewable energy since the first reference plant commenced operation late 2012, 22.5MWe Termosolar Borges in Spain. The development of such project is a complex task with not only one but two energy sources required to make the project successful. The availability of several studies but only one reference plant worldwide is proof of that. This paper investigates the hybridisation of a biomass power plant with a molten salt solar tower system. The benefit of this combination is a high cycle efficiency as both the steam generators can provide steam at 525°C and 120bar to the steam turbine. A case study approach is used to provide technical, economic and environmental benefits of a 30MWe CSP-biomass plant with 3h thermal storage in Griffith, New South Wales. At this site such a plant could provide annually 160, 300MWh of electricity with an annual average electricity price of AU$155/MWh. Compared to a standalone CSP plant with 15h of thermal storage the hybrid plant investment is 43% lower, providing a possibility to fast-track CSP implementation in countries where CSP is struggling to enter the market due to low wholesale electricity prices, such as Australia. © 2013 The Authors. Source

Peterseim J.H.,University of Technology, Sydney | Hellwig U.,ERK Eckrohrkessel GmbH | White S.,University of Technology, Sydney
Energy Conversion and Management

It is well understood that the cost of concentrating solar power (CSP) will need to decrease quickly to ensure competitiveness with photovoltaic (PV) systems and other forms of power generation. Research and development on CSP plant components is crucial in order to reduce costs but is typically time consuming. New CSP plant concepts combining proven technologies with CSP represent another option that can be implemented quickly. This paper investigates the use of several biomass materials to externally superheat steam in conventional parabolic trough plants. Currently, parabolic trough plants are easiest to finance and external steam superheating can overcome the lower efficiencies compared to other CSP technologies. Seven scenarios, each air and water cooled, with steam parameters ranging from 380 C at 100 bar to 540 C at 130 bar have been modeled, and the results presented here are based on a 50 MWe plant with 7.5 h molten salt thermal storage. Our results show that the peak solar to electricity net efficiency increases up to 10.5% while the specific investment can decrease immediately from AU$8.2m/MWe to AU$6.3m/MWe, a 23.5% reduction. That is significant considering the expected 17-40% CSP cost reduction targets by the end of this decade. The modeling shows that even major fuel and water price changes are significantly less relevant than small changes in the agreed electricity purchase price. The technical, economic and environmental analysis reveals that external superheating with biomass can provide significant benefits, is able to use a variety of fuels and despite a limited global market, could immediately enable the implementation of several hundred MWe of CSP capacity at lower cost. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Peterseim J.H.,University of Technology, Sydney | White S.,University of Technology, Sydney | Tadros A.,Aurecon Australia Pty Ltd | Hellwig U.,ERK Eckrohrkessel GmbH
Renewable Energy

This assessment aims to identify the most suitable concentrated solar power (CSP) technologies to hybridize with Rankine cycle power plants using conventional fuels, such as gas and coal, as well as non-conventional fuels, namely biomass and waste materials. The results derive from quantitative data, such as literature, industry information and own calculations, as well as qualitative data from an expert workshop. To incorporate the variety of technology criteria, quantitative and qualitative data the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used as the multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) tool. Only CSP technologies able to directly or indirectly generate steam are compared in regards to feasibility, risk, environmental impact and Levelised Cost of Electricity (LCOE). Different sub-criteria are chosen to consider the most relevant aspects. The study focuses on the suitability of CSP technologies for hybridisation and results obtained are reality checked by comparison with plants already being built/under construction. The results of this assessment are time dependant and may change with new CSP technologies maturing and prices decreasing in the future.Key findings of this assessment show that Fresnel systems seem to be the best technology for feedwater preheating, cold reheat steam and <450 °C steam boost applications. Parabolic troughs using thermal oil rank second for all CSP integration scenarios with steam temperatures <380 °C. Generally, for steam temperatures above 450 °C the solar towers with direct steam generation score higher than solar towers using molten salt and the big dish technology. At and above 580 °C the big dish is the only alternative to directly provide high pressure steam.In addition to a general CSP technology selection for hybridisation the framework of this study could be used to identify the most suitable CSP technology for a specific CSP hybrid project but this requires detailed information for direct normal irradiance, climate conditions, space constraints etc to provide reliable results. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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