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Kayseri, Turkey

Erciyes University is a Turkish institute of higher education located in Kayseri, Turkey. As of 4 April 2006, a total of 28,474 students were studying for their bachelor's degree and postgraduate studies. Wikipedia.

Cobaner M.,Erciyes University
Journal of Hydrology | Year: 2011

The potential of two different adaptive network-based fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) based neuro-fuzzy systems in modeling of reference evapotranspiration (ET0) are investigated in this paper. The two neuro-fuzzy systems are: (1) grid partition based fuzzy inference system, named G-ANFIS, and (2) subtractive clustering based fuzzy inference system, named S-ANFIS. In the first part of the study, the performance of resultant FIS was compared and the effect of parameters was investigated. Various daily climatic data, that is, solar radiation, air temperature, relative humidity and wind speed from Santa Monica, in Los Angeles, USA, are used as inputs to the FIS models so as to estimate ET0 obtained using the FAO-56 Penman-Monteith equation. In the second part of the study, the estimates of the FIS models are compared with those of artificial neural network (ANN) approach, namely, multi-layer perceptron (MLP), and three empirical models, namely, CIMIS Penman, Hargreaves and Ritchie methods. Root mean square error, mean absolute error and determination coefficient statistics are used as comparing criteria for the evaluation of the models' performances. Based on the comparisons, it is found that the S-ANFIS model yields plausible accuracy with fewer amounts of computations as compared to the G-ANFIS and MLP models in modeling the ET0 process. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

We present a single-machine problem with the unequal release times under learning effect and deteriorating jobs when the objective is minimizing the makespan. In this study, we introduced a scheduling model with unequal release times in which both job deterioration and learning exist simultaneously. By the effects of learning and deterioration, we mean that the processing time of a job is defined by increasing function of its execution start time and position in the sequence. A branch-and-bound algorithm incorporating with several dominance properties and lower bounds is developed to derive the optimal solution. A heuristic algorithm is proposed to obtain a near-optimal solution. The computational experiments show that the branch-and-bound algorithm can solve instances up to 30 jobs, and the average error percentage of the proposed heuristic is less than 0.16%. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Civicioglu P.,Erciyes University
Computers and Geosciences | Year: 2012

In order to solve numerous practical navigational, geodetic and astro-geodetic problems, it is necessary to transform geocentric cartesian coordinates into geodetic coordinates or vice versa. It is very easy to solve the problem of transforming geodetic coordinates into geocentric cartesian coordinates. On the other hand, it is rather difficult to solve the problem of transforming geocentric cartesian coordinates into geodetic coordinates as it is very hard to define a mathematical relationship between the geodetic latitude (φ) and the geocentric cartesian coordinates (X, Y, Z). In this paper, a new algorithm, the Differential Search Algorithm (DS), is presented to solve the problem of transforming the geocentric cartesian coordinates into geodetic coordinates and its performance is compared with the performances of the classical methods (i.e., Borkowski, 1989; Bowring, 1976; Fukushima, 2006; Heikkinen, 1982; Jones, 2002; Zhang, 2005; Borkowski, 1987; Shu, 2010 and Lin, 1995) and Computational-Intelligence algorithms (i.e., ABC, JDE, JADE, SADE, EPSDE, GSA, PSO2011, and CMA-ES). The statistical tests realized for the comparison of performances indicate that the problem-solving success of DS algorithm in transforming the geocentric cartesian coordinates into geodetic coordinates is higher than those of all classical methods and Computational-Intelligence algorithms used in this paper. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Akay B.,Erciyes University
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2013

Segmentation is a critical task in image processing. Bi-level segmentation involves dividing the whole image into partitions based on a threshold value, whereas multilevel segmentation involves multiple threshold values. A successful segmentation assigns proper threshold values to optimise a criterion such as entropy or between-class variance. High computational cost and inefficiency of an exhaustive search for the optimal thresholds leads to the use of global search heuristics to set the optimal thresholds. An emerging area in global heuristics is swarm-intelligence, which models the collective behaviour of the organisms. In this paper, two successful swarm-intelligence-based global optimisation algorithms, particle swarm optimisation (PSO) and artificial bee colony (ABC), have been employed to find the optimal multilevel thresholds. Kapur's entropy, one of the maximum entropy techniques, and between-class variance have been investigated as fitness functions. Experiments have been performed on test images using various numbers of thresholds. The results were assessed using statistical tools and suggest that Otsu's technique, PSO and ABC show equal performance when the number of thresholds is two, while the ABC algorithm performs better than PSO and Otsu's technique when the number of thresholds is greater than two. Experiments based on Kapur's entropy indicate that the ABC algorithm can be efficiently used in multilevel thresholding. Moreover, segmentation methods are required to have a minimum running time in addition to high performance. Therefore, the CPU times of ABC and PSO have been investigated to check their validity in real-time. The CPU time results show that the algorithms are scalable and that the running times of the algorithms seem to grow at a linear rate as the problem size increases. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Bilgili F.,Erciyes University
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2012

The source of carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions has been of great interest to researcher(s) and/or policy maker(s) within ongoing efforts to diminish the emissions in the world due to CO 2s serious adverse environmental effect. This paper investigates the possible existence of long run relationship between CO 2 emissions and biomass consumption in US for the period January 1990-September 2011. To this end, paper first seeks for effect of biomass on CO 2 through energy literature and later follows cointegration analyses with structural breaks to reveal parameter estimates of long run equilibrium of CO 2 with fossil fuel consumption and biomass consumption. Eventually this paper explores that structural breaks are important to understand the course of CO 2 and that, as expected, fossil fuel and biomass effect CO 2 positively and negatively, respectively. Alternative cointegration analyses with regime shifts confirm negative impact of biomass and positive impact of fossil fuel on CO 2, as well. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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